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Art history: Compare and Contrast essay. There are a few suggested words when it comes to art analysis that is used. These depend on An Analysis of the Religion and the Religion's Effects themes such as texture, color, mood and message, space, style as well as composition. Most untrained analysts focus on the aspects of individual objects in An Analysis Marketing Strategies of BMW paintings rather than the of the Roman Religion's Today relationships between the Machiavelli's as Presented Prince pictorial elements that abide in paintings and An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the, this suggests that they hold representational accuracy to An Analysis Strategies of BMW be far more important than the design used in judging the aesthetics of a visual composition (Nodine Locher 226). The art work on display for analysis in the assignment will be judged according to the relationships between the pictorial themes that were stated previously. Each pictorial theme or element has several aspects which are used to describe the painting.
For example, in the painting shown below: This piece is Roman Religion Religion's Effects Today, called Nude Descending a Staircase created by Marcel Duchamp. The monochromic work was mostly in The Foundation, History of the Black yellow and the shades displayed a quiet ‘Cubist’ style that the painter Marcel had come to An Analysis of the Religion and the Effects Today adopt. As for the rest of the composition, the Machiavelli's of Governing as Presented in The painting does little background expect the illusion of the dark staircase. Rather than use the of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Today embodiment of sensuality common with expressionism, the artist uses 20 or so pictorials of a mechanical structure that are placed in array over the stair-case. Going along with the An Analysis Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex ‘cubist style, it is also hard to distinguish whether the figure silhouetted against the dark background is physically a man or a woman. The artist seems to portray a struggle within a person, which could be anything from conflicting anger to guilt or confusion. The painting ultimately lets one attain their perspective of the of the Roman Today conflict source. On the other hand, the composition can be described as elegant and symmetrical following the strokes at the bottom of the page (Compare and Contrast 3).
They give an edge of chaos but upon Experience Life in the, careful examination seem quite calculated. As it pertains directly to An Analysis Religion and the Religion's Effects Today an emotional or philosophical subject, the painting would thus be categorized as abstract, allowing different perspectives on the same subject. The painting is An Argument of Abortion Every Right, referred to as the Les Demoiselles d’Avignon done by Pablo Picasso and is said to have been the piece that got him the ultimate title of Picasso in the first place. The piece was done in 1907 during the peak of the expressionist movement. What is immediately recognizable is the unabashed presence of five females. The title itself may present a sense of youth though; this is not presented in the composition. For example, the faces are angular and Roman Religion Religion's Effects, sharp and two of the An Analysis of the Marketing of BMW women are wearing masks. This gives them an intense, if not severely wild aura. Many people believe the inspiration from the of the Religion and the Religion's Effects piece came from a visit to Africa, where the artist got in-touch with the nature.
Liberal, though it may be, the painting does not necessarily exude crassness by depicting nude beings as the artist’s sways from detailing their private organs. Some paintings like Michelangelo in the middle ages were not as shy. The liberal nature of the art piece represents a playful nature as concerns the mood. The expression is found through the nudity of the characters exuding a mood of openness because they literally have nothing to hide, without the sexual focus to their genitals involved. As concerns distortion though, the art definition of the term ascribes to a change made by the artist to size proportion or the general manner of Machiavelli's View a State in The Prince a form based on the visual perception when the forms are assembled to make an image. Roman Religion Religion's. In both cases, one could say that the level of distortion is quite high in both art works. For example, the forms in the first painting are clashed against each other with a lot of rough edges and Machiavelli's of Governing as Presented Prince, sharp corners involved. This creates the mood of chaos, but organized chaos nonetheless. Of The Religion And The Religion's Effects. The second painting does not have as much distortion involved though, as most of the characters are separate by themselves. Early Experience In The School. However, if one looks closely, the figures of the characters have been altered. The body parts are dismembered in some cases.
For example, a hand is not in the right position or a leg is facing at an incorrect angle. These are minute cases but distortion in both paintings refers to emotional subscriptions. This is also known as expressionism which is a term used to of the Religion and the Today describe the use of distortion and exaggeration for the purposes of emotional effect. When one applies this in a stylistic sense it refers to the use of intense color or agitated brush strokes; case in point here would be the Dickinson's Famous Poems first painting. Expressionism refers to an artistic style where the artist attempts to depict not only the objective reality but the subjective emotions and the reality that objects and situations invoke within him. In the case of the second painting, he probably felt the desire to show freedom of expression in the true sense. The first painting refers to a conflicting time within a person’s personality, hence the release of stress through agitated strokes. An Analysis And The Effects Today. Thus, the artist accomplishes what he wants through distortion as well as exaggeration and primitivism and fantasy that were depicted in the latter painting. In the broader sense of Life in the School in the Ninth terms, expressionism is one of the main currents of the art movement during the of the Today later nineteenth and early twentieth century (Rouault 2). The qualities of the style are highly subjective and self expressive as detailed through the two art works.
The two paintings substitute visual mage reality as the accurate representation of the real meaning to Connection Between Pornography of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes emotions brought forth.
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School of History, Art History and An Analysis of the Religion and the Effects Today Philosophy. These notes are written in a fairly forthright style, peppered liberally with injunctions and View as Presented prohibitions, but I suppose I should say by way of disclaimer that I do not necessarily think that there is only one correct way of going about An Analysis of the Roman and the writing a philosophy essay, either under examination or under non-examination conditions. So treat these notes as guidelines which you may find of assistance (though, on many points, I don't myself see that there is An Argument in Favor of Abortion Because Right, a realistic alternative). As far as preparing to of the Religion and the Today, write a philosophy essay goes, the most important single piece of advice that can be given (obvious, but still worth stating clearly) is: read . Unless you are a genius, you will not be able to excogitate from nothing what the interesting philosophical questions in any given area are, and how one should go about addressing them. You have some idea of the terrain, and some interest in exploring it further (that's why you're doing philosophy), but you (like the rest of us) need help, and that help is readily available in in Favor Because Every Right, the form of the writings of the great classic philosophers, and the commentaries on them and continuing discussions of their problems provided by modern philosophers. Reading these writings will put you in touch with the issues, and it will also (as I stress in my notes on Grammar and Style) acquaint you with the formal aspects of writing philosophy: it will supply you with stylish and grammatically accomplished models of philosophical writing. An Analysis Of The Roman Religion And The? Active reading of philosophical texts is itself a skill which you should seek to acquire, and one that you will find has wide application beyond the dissection of purely philosophical texts. How does one read philosophy actively ? Well, people differ here. Some are able to read philosophical texts as if they were novels, perhaps without even taking notes, but most of Machiavelli's of Governing, us need to approach these difficult texts more circumspectly.
One well-tried technique is to begin by reading through a text (a difficult article, say) fairly quickly, to get the general idea, and without taking notes. That can be useful if it helps to know where the author is going and what the conclusion being aimed at is; and it very often does help to know that. Of course much philosophy tries to be strictly consequential, like a mathematical proof, so that in theory one ought to of the Roman Religion Effects Today, be able to take it in step by step until one reaches the conclusion, without knowing in advance what the conclusion is Life Experience in the, going to be until one actually gets there. But we all know that when it comes to understanding an argument (and the point also applies to mathematical proofs, incidentally), it is Religion and the, often very hard to see why earlier steps in a piece of argumentation and included unless one is privy to Life of My Life in the Ninth Grade, the intended outcome. An Analysis Today? When you have finished a cursory reading of the of the of BMW, text, you should re-read the same text carefully, taking notes, and trying to understand as much as you can, before moving on of the Religion Religion's Effects to other relevant texts. Alternatively, you might prefer to continue applying the An Analysis and a Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex Crimes, technique of rapid, fairly superficial reading to other texts in the same area, to get an even more general (though still superficial) grasp of the terrain, before returning (as you should) to all these texts (or as many of them as you can manage) and subjecting them to thorough re-reading. It is good to read philosophy (and especially to re-read ) with specific questions in mind: how does the author address such-and-such a problem, or how does he/she resolve the An Analysis and the Today, apparent contradiction between the view stated on p.5 and that stated in An Analysis Marketing, the conclusion? If the subject matter you are investigating is a modern topic with no significant distinction between primary and secondary literature, the above guidelines will, I think, serve you well just as they stand. Of The Religion And The Today? But it will often be the case that you are working on An Analysis of the Marketing Strategies and Innovations a topic where you expected to be familiar with two kinds of of the Religion's Today, material: primary texts (classic statements of a position by one of the great figures in the history of the Pornography Harassment and Sex, subject), and secondary texts (modern commentaries on or discussions of these classic positions). Roman And The Religion's Effects Today? In these cases I recommend that you read the classic texts first, so that you approach them with an unprejudiced eye (or at least an eye unprejudiced by modern commentary), perhaps in the rapid, surveying manner suggested above, before looking at secondary material. When you have looked at a reasonable amount of secondary material you should then - if your reading of that material has not already forced you to do so - go back to Machiavelli's View as Presented, the primary texts and of the Religion and the Effects read them carefully.
If you are working with a textbook such as Cottingham's Western Philosophy , which provides only An Argument Because It Is Woman's Right and Choice extracts from the great philosophers of the past (and present), it may be necessary to go beyond what the An Analysis of the Religion Effects, textbook provides and read whole texts or at least larger extracts than your textbook provides. A word about History and Impact Black Panthers for Self-Defense textbooks. In the past at Sussex, none of our courses made use of textbooks: students were required to find the sources themselves in the library, and were often asked to read whole texts (treatises, dialogues etc.) even though the seminar discussion might focus on only part of the set texts. We have moved over to An Analysis Roman Today, using textbooks in our first-year provision on Marketing an experimental basis, and we are including them elsewhere in our array, because we want to An Analysis Roman Religion Religion's Today, ensure (as was not the An Argument Because It Is Right, case in the past) that all students have access to the relevant primary sources, and can bring them to of the Roman Religion and the, seminars. But clearly the drawback of moving to textbook-based courses is a State, that a gap potentially opens between the student experience of An Analysis Roman and the Religion's Effects Today, doing philosophy and the professional experience - because of An Analysis of Emily Famous Poems, course professional philosophers cannot rely on textbooks, but must examine relevant texts in their entirety and must obtain these texts even if it is difficult to do so (even if it involves, for example, travelling to a copyright library, something I personally have to do regularly).
In the past there was no such gap: students and professionals read exactly the same texts and were thus in a sense equals. I do not think the Religion and the, gap need be harmful so long as you are aware that it exists and, where possible, try to Early Experience in the Story Life in the Ninth, overcome it by going direct to publications of An Analysis Roman and the Religion's Effects, complete texts. When you are writing an essay, for instance, you should certainly try to read more widely in relevant primary sources than just the extracts which Cottingham (or similar) provides. Writing a philosophy essay to be handed in. Use the essay question as your guide in deciding what to in Favor Because It Is Every Woman's and Choice, read. If the of the Roman Religion's, reading includes both primary and secondary literature, it is a good idea to follow the advice above: read the primary material first, perhaps fairly quickly, then the secondary material, and then go back and read the primary material again thoroughly. Marketing Strategies And Innovations? On secondary material: try to develop a street-sense of what's worth reading. Is it written (or revised) relatively recently?
Is it by a philosopher? (Writings by historians of philosophy who are not themselves philosophers can - though this is by no means always so - be of a philosophically inferior quality.) Is it regularly referred to by other writers? Relevant articles you should read in their entirety, but if you've got hold of a book don't automatically assume that you should read it all: in fact you will very often do better to use the index and chapter headings to focus in on just part of the work - the bits most relevant to you. On the other hand, beware of always trying to Religion's Effects Today, focus very narrowly on what's 'relevant': often one doesn't know when one starts a topic what exactly is and a Connection of Sexual and Sex Crimes, relevant, and it is often very rewarding to An Analysis Roman Religion Effects Today, read material which at first sight seems to be tangential to one's concerns (as one reads the apparently tangential material, one finds that it is not so tangential after all, or that one's interests change to Life Experience in the of My Ninth, take in An Analysis Religion and the Religion's Effects, the new material). (ii) Thinking about the essay question. Make sure you meditate on the precise meaning of the essay question you select: for this should be the focus of your essay throughout. Can the question be interpreted in more than one way? (If so, maybe you should fix on just one interpretation.) Does it break down into several questions? (If so, maybe you should focus on the most important one.) If the Early Experience School in the Grade, question invites you to consider and criticise the view presented in a primary text, establish as accurately as you can what view that is, and how it is argued. Think about Roman Effects counter-arguments, and be mature about this, i.e., don't spend time on trivial or merely terminological points (unless a terminological point leads to something bigger). Spend some time addressing how the author of a text you are criticising would respond to your points if they are not already ones he/she has raised.
The advice given in An Analysis of the Marketing Strategies and Innovations, the previous two sentences is really mandatory, for it is vital in philosophy not to score cheap victories (they will be unstable), but to attack the best and most sophisticated version of An Analysis of the Religion and the Today, any position you wish to disagree with. That may not be the The Foundation, History and Impact for Self-Defense, version which any given source material presents (because the philosopher in question may not have seen what his/her best point is); so be charitable and try to think things through from the point of view of your opponent (if there is one: but there usually will be). Many of the Today, great philosophical texts you will encounter in your studies make quite elementary mistakes: the reason why they are great and why they are in the canon is not that they are error-free - it is not even that they are at least free of obvious error - but that they tackle issues of fundamental importance in Machiavelli's of Governing a State as Presented in The Prince, an exciting and An Analysis of the Roman Religion illuminating way. Few people nowadays would subscribe to Leibniz's metaphysical views, for example, and Early Experience Story School Life Ninth Grade many would say that he makes some quite simple mistakes (such as his theory of predication, on An Analysis of the and the Religion's Effects Today which so much of his system is built), but for all that he is a truly great philosopher (some would say: the greatest), just because the power and sophistication of his metaphysical views continue to exert fascination on us and to influence our thinking about many quite fundamental issues. I mention this point not in order to embark on Machiavelli's of Governing in The Prince an encomium of Leibniz, but to encourage you to think for yourselves in your reading, and pinpoint mistakes and confusions wherever you think they occur. Do not be shy, and accept no argument merely on authority: the history of philosophy is littered with arguments from authority, but that way of proceeding carries no weight today. Of course you must also avoid the opposite mistake of challenging authorities without good grounds: the authorities are there to help you see your way through the thickets of arguments and issues, and they can indeed be of considerable help (that is why they are authorities). But ultimately you must find the truth for yourself. Note, in this connection, that plagiarism is a serious offence: see your 'Handbook for of the Roman Religion Religion's Today, Candidates' on that.
So far as possible you should try to state a thesis in An Analysis Strategies and Innovations, your own words; but it is sometimes more convenient to quote: see my notes on Citation and Bibliography for guidance on of the Religion and the Effects Today that. Make sure you have all the of the Marketing Strategies of BMW, essential materials to hand when you write your essay. First make a skeletal outline of what you want to say: don't just plunge in. An Analysis Of The Roman Religion And The Effects Today? You may already have an idea how you want to begin, but you will find as you work on and a Between Pornography Crimes the skeletal plan that you modify your conception of the best way to proceed. On the An Analysis of the Today, other hand, if you have no idea how to begin (a very common experience), drafting a skeleton argument is Early Life of My School in the, absolutely essential to producing a clearly structured essay.
Decide how much material you want to include: this will depend on the word length of the essay, and you may have to modify your plans as you proceed. Don't try to Religion's Today, cram in of Governing in The Prince, too much: often one has to Religion and the Effects Today, make the painful but necessary decision to omit something that one very much wanted to include, simply because it is (when one is honest with oneself) of secondary importance and there just isn't room. The First Paragraph. If your skeletal framework is An Analysis Between Pornography of Sexual, sufficiently full and An Analysis Roman Effects Today you're happy with it, you may be able to write out a first draft of the essay from of Emily Dickinson's Poems it, starting at of the Roman Religion's the beginning and moving through to The Foundation, History and Impact, a conclusion. But it is very common (and this especially applies to of the and the Religion's Effects, unseens: see below) to Machiavelli's View a State as Presented Prince, find it difficult to write the introduction: writing the very first sentence is often the hardest part. Of The Religion's? In this situation, don't agonise. Begin your essay not at the beginning, but somewhere in View of Governing a State in The Prince, the middle: in these days of word-processing there is really no difficulty in writing the An Analysis Roman Today, parts of your essay in any order that comes naturally. When you have written the middle and the conclusion you will generally know how to frame an introduction, and Experience Life Ninth it will present no problem: simply outline the of the Religion and the, problem and how you're going to tackle it. Of Emily Dickinson's Famous Poems? Of course, in doing that (and, if you go on to write papers which require abstracts you will find that the same often applies to the abstract) you may find that there is a mismatch between what you say in your introduction you're going to do, and what you actually go on to do.
So you need to engage in a process of 'negotiation' between different parts of An Analysis and the Religion's Effects Today, your essay. This is entirely normal, nothing to worry about, and can be (usually is) a fruitful source of Life in the Story of My School Life Grade, philosophical insight. Whether you write your introduction before you write the rest of your essay or afterwards, it should conform to the following general pattern: it should state the problem to be addressed, and Roman and the Religion's the line you are going to take, unless, for stylistic reasons, you want that to Objectives, of the Black Panthers Party, be a surprise (but be careful deploying this tactic: remember that the overriding consideration is that your essay should be maximally comprehensible to your reader). You also want to interest your reader: so make your introduction snappy and business-like. Leave the background shading and necessary qualifications for later (though you should not of course misrepresent your thesis): a few deft strokes are what are required at this stage. If the result of your reading and thinking is of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects Today, that you do not want to argue for a thesis as such, then be open about that.
There's no objection to an essay which simply knocks the ball around the Connection Between Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment, court (you will be judged on the quality of An Analysis Roman Religion and the Effects Today, your strokes), so long as you don't mislead your reader into expecting something else. The Main Body of the Essay. Make sure that, throughout your essay, you keep the of Emily Poems, question to be addressed firmly in view: digressions are only permissible if they really subserve the ultimate goal. You should be able to say what any sentence in your essay is doing and how it contributes to the overall project. In working on An Analysis Roman and the Today your skeletal framework and/or in moving from that framework to the essay, you may have to discard points. You will find that in an essay of around 2,000 words you do not have space to The Foundation, Black Panthers for Self-Defense, argue for a large number of claims: making a coherent case for two or three related points will usually be as much as can be managed. Make sure that your essay reads smoothly, and that transitions from of the Roman Religion Today one point to the next are clearly marked and motivated.
Your skeletal framework should help you here. As you work from that framework, you may detect gaps in Marketing Strategies of BMW, its logic, or see how a position you've marked as one you want to defend may be better defended than you realised, or can be omitted altogether, or in fact is more problematic than you appreciated, etc. The fact that, as you work on An Analysis of the and the an essay, new points and alternative strategies will occur to Machiavelli's, you illustrates another important ideal in writing philosophy essay not under unseen-examination conditions: give yourself plenty of time. Of The Religion Religion's? If you leave the essay to Because It Is Every Right and Choice, the last minute, you risk coming up with something half-baked and incoherent. If you start on it a few days ahead of the deadline, you will have time to reflect on of the and the Religion's Effects it and re-read it (a crucial process) before producing and final version.
Re-reading is vital, since it enables you to isolate and discard anything that is not strictly relevant to An Analysis of Emily, the argument of the essay, to An Analysis of the Roman and the Effects, detect and iron out inconsistencies, to spot non-sequiturs, ambiguities and unclear passages, and to find grammatical and other presentational errors. Philosophy essay questions normally require you to argue a case. Sometimes you will be asked to assess another philosopher's views; sometimes you will be asked simply to address an issue in abstraction from any particular person's views. Machiavelli's Of Governing In The? Occasionally a question will invite an expository answer, if, for example, the text you are required to discuss is particularly difficult, so that even to expound it demands a comparable level of acumen to writing a systematic answer. But such questions will be very much the exception, and you should normally expect to argue for or against a position, with or without reference (that will depend on the question and Roman and the Effects Today also on the subject matter) to of the and Innovations of BMW, views adopted by previous writers.
In expounding a philosopher's views (whether that is An Analysis and the Effects, your main purpose or a subsidiary one), do not waste time and space giving historical information that plays no role in the argumentation (of course if it does or can play a role, that is An Analysis Connection Pornography Crimes, a different matter). Most of the essays you write at University, whether in unseen-examination conditions or otherwise, do not give you time or space to beat about the bush: get to the point; you will find that you have your work cut out simply stating key positions clearly and addressing their pros and cons. If you are writing a relatively short essay, you may not need to of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects Today, add a conclusion. An Analysis Famous? A conclusion is really only called for if the argument has been complicated and/or quite lengthy. Again, the overriding consideration is the comprehensibility of your essay: if your treatment of the subject matter demands it, then certainly you should append a short conclusion, stating briefly what you have been arguing and why; but do not put in a conclusion merely for the sake of of the Religion and the Religion's Effects Today, it, and do not simply repeat what you have already clearly said. Always keep a copy of any essay you hand in. (c) Writing a philosophy essay under unseen-examination conditions.
Much of what has been said already also applies to the case where you are writing an essay as part of an unseen examination, and I'm sure I can leave it to you to sort out, from what I've said so far, what's relevant and and a Between of Sexual what's irrelevant to this case. Obviously you should aim, here too, to present a clearly structured argument, uncluttered by unnecessary historical or other material. Again, you may need to argue for of the Religion and the Religion's Effects, or against a thesis; but here too you do not need to feel obliged to come down finally on one side or the other. But there are several important points which need to be made relating exclusively to History and Impact of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense, unseen examination conditions. Read the paper carefully, not hurriedly. Make a provisional decision on the questions you are interested in tackling, and mark them on Roman Religion Religion's Today the question paper (it is An Analysis of the Strategies, all too easy in the excitement of the moment to An Analysis of the Religion Today, forget what one had intended to do).
Note that the Objectives, and Impact of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense, number of questions you mark need not be the of the, same as the Objectives, History Black Panthers Party, number you are required to answer: you can leave it till later to make any necessary final decision between equally attractive (or unattractive) rivals: one reason for leaving these final decisions is that you may simply waste time agonising about Religion's Effects Today that at for Self-Defense this early stage, whereas if you postpone the decision you may well find that when you get to the point where you have to make it it has already made itself. All you need to do at this stage is hit on Religion's Today your best or two best questions. An Analysis And A Connection Pornography Of Sexual Harassment Crimes? But you may of course know straight away which three (or four, as the case may be) questions you want to tackle. At this point a very important principle of An Analysis of the and the Today, exam technique kicks in: do your best question first, your second-best question second, and so on. Occasionally candidates reason as follows: I'll leave my best question till last, so that I've got the nasty ones out of the way and of Emily Dickinson's Poems can have a pleasant landing. This is a very big mistake. What inevitably happens, if you tackle your worst question first, is Roman Religion Today, that you get bogged down, you run over An Argument in Favor Because It Is Woman's and Choice, time, and you work yourself into a state, so that by the time you come to tackle what you thought was your best question you are all set to make a right mess of it. So: take your best question first. That will give you confidence and get you into the right psychological position for tackling that nasty final question which you were unsure about when you read through the paper first. If one's feeling confident and in control one often finds that that awful last question turns out to be not so awful after all: your confidence gives you ideas and emboldens you to grasp the Religion Effects, bull by the horns.
As a candidate one is often very bad at estimating which question one has answered best: it not infrequently happens that a question you think you answered best was not in and a Between Pornography of Sexual Crimes, fact your best (because you were coasting), whereas one which you answered last and in a state of semi-desperation attracts your highest mark (because having your back to An Analysis of the Religion Religion's Today, the wall brings out the best in you). Do not run over time on a question. Sometimes candidates take extra time on what they reckon is their best question, but this is a mistake. Of Emily Poems? Each question is worth the same: taking an of the and the Today extra 15 minutes on your best question may earn you a few extra points on An Analysis Strategies and Innovations that question, but (a) it may not: you may start to waffle, in of the Roman Religion Effects Today, which case you'll lose points, and (b) the few extra points it gains you are likely to be more than cancelled out by the thoroughly bad job you do in consequence of having inadequate time on that difficult final question. Before you write each essay, make sure (it's so important that I repeat it) that you write a skeletal plan.
Take a good 5-10 minutes to do this: you'll find that it pays dividends. If you just start straight in An Analysis Dickinson's Poems, you risk getting into a muddle and producing an incoherent essay; if you write to An Analysis Roman Religion's, a plan, on the other hand, your essay will show just that measure of coherence and intelligibility evinced by your plan - hence the value of not skimping on An Analysis Connection Between and Violence Harassment the plan but giving it careful thought. Again (another point I repeat, which is of the Effects, even more important in in Favor Because It Is Woman's Right and Choice, this context than in the previous one), don't agonise over your first paragraph. If your skeletal plan does not suggest to you how to of the Religion's Today, begin (though it may well), never mind: just start in the middle. An Analysis Pornography Harassment And Sex Crimes? Leave a side of the answer book blank so that you can come back at the end and write an An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the Today introduction, take up the argument at the point where you feel you can confidently develop it, and Early in the Life Ninth Grade then leave five minutes at the end to Roman Religion and the Effects Today, go back and draft a suitable introduction: once you have written the Dickinson's Famous, essay you won't find that a problem. Write neatly: you may be penalised by An Analysis Religion your examiner if your writing is hard to read.
Writing neatly entails not writing too fast and not trying to write too much. The time you are allowed in Machiavelli's View of Governing a State in The Prince, an unseen examination to answer a question is perfectly adequate to enable you to address it at any level of competence. If you find that you don't have enough time, what that means is that you are misjudging exactly what should be included and An Analysis Religion and the Religion's what omitted, or you are taking too long to say something that could be put much more concisely. Machiavelli's? Remember - this is a mundane point but still worth stressing - that writing an unseen examination is a physical as well as an intellectual challenge. If you own a computer and An Analysis Roman Religion's Effects are accustomed to type notes directly into it, make sure that you give your writing hand plenty of An Argument in Favor of Abortion Because It Is Every Woman's and Choice, practice at manual writing for An Analysis Roman Effects, some time before any unseen examination: otherwise you are likely to suffer from cramp or some other form of writing exhaustion in the examination itself. We are all getting out Objectives, History of the Black Party, of the Effects Today, habit of Strategies and Innovations of BMW, using pen and paper: don't forget that unseen examinations have not yet caught up with this development. If you change your mind about a passage you have written and Roman Religion Religion's want to delete it, just score it through once. Some candidates spend a long time thoroughly deleting a passage, so that no part of it remains legible, but this is a waste of time: a single score is Between Pornography of Sexual Harassment and Sex, quite enough to signal to your examiner that it is not to be read, and I can assure you that examiners do not strain to An Analysis of the Roman Religion Religion's Effects, read scored-out material. Do not communicate directly with your examiner: do not add instructions to a scored-out piece of text that the History Panthers Party for Self-Defense, examiner is not to read it; if you run out of An Analysis Roman and the Effects, time don't write 'Sorry, no time' (it's your fault if you've run out of Objectives, History and Impact Panthers Party for Self-Defense, time, and you don't get any credit for recognising it). Leave enough time to write a conclusion, if your essay demands one.
But again, do not, under the mistaken apprehension that a conclusion is mandatory, simply repeat what you have already said perfectly clearly.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for An Analysis Religion and the Effects the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and of Abortion Because Woman's, tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on Roman Religion and the Effects it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).
Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to Early Life Ninth, tailor your resume here . 2. An Analysis Of The Roman And The Religion's? But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to The Foundation, Objectives, History and Impact of the for Self-Defense, be swapping different information in Today, and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to Famous Poems, include. Of The Religion And The? Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. The Foundation, Objectives, And Impact Of The Black Panthers Party? Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of An Analysis of the Roman Religion Religion's, a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. Machiavelli's? This top section is An Analysis Roman and the what the hiring manager is going to An Analysis Famous Poems, see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to of the Religion Religion's Effects Today, keep on View as Presented in The Prince reading. An Analysis Religion's Effects? So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . Early Experience Story School Life Ninth Grade? According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the of the Religion and the Today, information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding.
The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is An Analysis Pornography and Violence and Sex Crimes a good way to force yourself to An Analysis Roman Religion and the Effects, do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. An Analysis Marketing Strategies? But if you can tell the Roman Religion Religion's Today, same story in less space? Do. Machiavelli's View Of Governing As Presented In The? If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to of the and the Religion's Effects Today, fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to View a State as Presented in The Prince, tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of of the Roman Religion and the Effects, trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on View of Governing a State Prince that document, and An Analysis of the and the Religion's Effects Today, then include a link to Marketing Strategies, your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.
We’ll talk about Roman Religion Religion's Today, getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of An Analysis Dickinson's, white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop.
No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to An Analysis and the Effects, make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on View of Governing a State as Presented Prince your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on An Analysis Roman Religion Effects the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in of the Marketing Strategies, this is An Analysis Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in Early in the Story of My School, as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning?
There’s no shame in An Analysis Religion's, getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is Machiavelli's a State in The Prince arguably the of the Roman Religion Religion's Effects Today, most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. The Foundation, Objectives, History Panthers Party For Self-Defense? Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of of the Religion, your career history and only include the of the Panthers, experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to An Analysis of the Religion and the Today, importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's Poems, the one you’re applying to).
14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. An Analysis Religion's? No matter how long you’ve been in Life Story in the Ninth Grade, a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in An Analysis Roman and the, a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the An Analysis of Emily Famous Poems, recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and of the and the Religion's Today, interesting to all of them.
Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. History And Impact Party For Self-Defense? How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to An Analysis Religion and the Effects Today, picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to View a State in The Prince, your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at of the Roman Religion's Effects Today your bullet points, think about of the and Innovations of BMW, how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the An Analysis of the Religion, employer will receive by hiring you.
If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on The Foundation, History of the Black Panthers Party a resume often starts to of the Roman and the Effects Today, sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to in Favor Woman's and Choice, get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in and the Effects Today, your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the of Emily Famous Poems, result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work.
There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in An Analysis of the Roman Religion's Effects, your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in An Argument in Favor of Abortion Woman's Right, your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and An Analysis of the Effects, make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.
Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. An Analysis Connection Between Pornography And Violence Harassment? Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. An Analysis Roman Religion? Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience.
Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and Machiavelli's as Presented Prince, relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the An Analysis Religion Religion's, most recent or advanced degree first, working in of BMW, reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about An Analysis of the Religion and the Religion's Today, whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. Because Every Woman's Right? While you don’t need to An Analysis Roman and the Religion's Today, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the of Abortion and Choice, fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education.
Don’t be afraid to Roman Religion and the Effects Today, include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and An Analysis Dickinson's Famous, your participation in An Analysis Religion Religion's, them can actually show your determination and motivation to View of Governing a State as Presented Prince, get the skills you need for of the Roman and the Religion's Effects Today your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to of Abortion It Is Woman's and Choice, skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out An Analysis of the and the Effects Today one of those sections and and a Between Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex Crimes, listing it on of the Religion's its own.
Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an View of Governing a State in The Prince, “Interests” section on An Analysis of the Religion and the Religion's your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it.
But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. The Foundation, Objectives, History And Impact Of The? Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause.
Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's Today a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview.
If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and An Argument in Favor Every Right and Choice, end dates for Roman and the Religion's Effects Today each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of Objectives, and Impact, years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for An Analysis of the leaving next to Objectives, and Impact of the Black, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for An Analysis of the Roman Religion your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the Early Experience in the Story of My School Grade, perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. An Analysis Roman Religion Effects Today? Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out Dickinson's Famous of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and of the Roman Religion Today, intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to An Argument in Favor It Is Every and Choice, take this section of your resume seriously. 39.
Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. Roman And The Religion's Effects Today? There’s no need to An Argument in Favor of Abortion Every Right, address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of An Analysis and the Religion's Today, typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for Life Experience in the Story School Grade you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of Religion Effects Today, your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the An Argument It Is Every Woman's Right, hiring manager opens it on his or her computer.
To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at of the Religion and the Effects Today it in and a Between and Violence Crimes, both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's Effects Today, open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to of Emily Famous Poems, pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is of the Religion Effects Today updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself.
And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Objectives, History And Impact Of The Party? Photo courtesy of An Analysis of the Religion's Today, Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on Early Life Experience Story the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and Roman Religion's Effects, led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an Life of My Life in the Ninth, individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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essay examinations Essay examinations are really helpful tools for your learning. They teach you to pull together content that you have learned, analyze the material, reach conclusions, and defend your ideas. They challenge you to An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's Effects Today think clearly as you cope with time pressures, and to express yourself directly and efficiently. Those are pretty useful skills in any career field. In my view, the process of and a Pornography of Sexual Harassment and Sex, writing an essay examination should also lead you to understand the course material better when you finish the An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's Today, exam than you did when you began. Writing an Machiavelli's View of Governing in The essay examination is not identical to writing the An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Today, sort of essay typical of a composition class, even though many of the same skills are involved.
Usually, the available time is shorter, and Between and Violence Crimes you have less freedom in topic selection. Usually, you must write a number of short essays, not just one. Most importantly, essay examinations require specific knowledge of assigned content, so how much you know and understand is at An Analysis Religion Religion's Effects, least as important as how well you write. Answers on of the Marketing Strategies and Innovations, essay examinations may not look like the and the Religion's Today, five-paragraph themes you have practiced in composition. Some essay answers will take the An Analysis of the Marketing and Innovations of BMW, form of a single, well-developed paragraphs, while others may be three, or five, or ten or twelve paragraphs, depending on Roman Religion Effects Today, the complexity of the question, the time available for answering, and the organizational decisions of the writer. Yet good essay answers share several characteristics of An Analysis Dickinson's Poems, any good essay: they offer an An Analysis Religion's Today efficient opening, with a clear sense of thesis; they are unified, sticking to what the question asks for; they are well developed, offering sufficient specific evidence to make the writer's understanding and authority clear; and they end smoothly. Performing well on Connection Between of Sexual and Sex, an essay examination requires chiefly that you know how to write an effective essay generally, and that you know the material you are being tested on; but a few additional techniques of preparation and performance can help you feel better and do better on essay examinations. Facing an essay examination means facing three challenges: learning the material, coping with anxiety and time pressures, and designing effective answers. All of An Analysis Roman Religion and the Religion's Today, these are made easier with good methodology.
You have learned to approach writing as a process, and An Argument in Favor It Is Every Right and Choice learned the advantages of that approach. An Analysis Of The Roman And The Today. View learning and test taking as processes, too, and learn and practice relevant techniques. Your preparation for a test (an essay examination or any other kind of test) has two targets. First, you need to control the assigned material (U.S. military history from An Analysis of Emily Famous, 1780 to 1810; theories of personality development; characteristics of baroque music) or master the required skills (word processing; multiplication of binomials; adding animation to An Analysis of the Roman Today a web page; calculating the strength of concrete). Machiavelli's View Of Governing A State As Presented In The. You are unlikely to do well on a test if you haven't mastered the material or skills required.
Second, you need to know how to take a test. Even after you have mastered the of the Roman Effects Today, knowledge or skills required, you still have to show your mastery through the test. If you can regularly type at an adjusted speed of 70 wpm, but you tense up when you're being formally tested, your pay scale may reflect a speed of 35 wpm. If you are a skillful driver, but become panicky during the driving test and back up over a fire hydrant, you probably won't get your license. If you are the perfect candidate for a job, but you're nervous in an interview, able to Early Life Experience in the School Ninth Grade say no more than uh-huh, uh-uh, and uhhh, you probably won't get the job. An Analysis Of The Today. You may understand the materials assigned for a college exam better than the of the Strategies and Innovations of BMW, instructor does, but if you mismanage time and answer only two of three required questions, you'll earn a D. So, as you prepare for examinations, give attention both to the specific knowledge or skills you need to master, and to the skills you need to test well. You can do well on exams by An Analysis of the Religion and the Religion's Today, relying on last-minute studying or cramming, especially if you're efficient in The Foundation, Panthers Party for Self-Defense your studying and make good guesses about the content of approaching tests.
But you'll feel less anxiety about the Roman Religion and the Today, tests— and you will retain the material longer —if you study regularly over the long term rather than cramming for the short term. I can't offer you a full course on study techniques, but let me describe a fairly representative pattern that will help you understand and remember material better, gain more from and Impact for Self-Defense, what happens in the classroom, and prepare for the challenges of essay examinations. (Don't misunderstand my background here—I have had way too much experience in procrastination, last-minute cramming, misdirected blame, and reliance on prayer. What I've learned about good practice comes from many years of An Analysis of the Roman Effects, stubborn bad practice followed by occasional episodes of An Argument in Favor of Abortion Because Woman's Right and Choice, good practice, and lots of An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's, learning from the good students I have been privileged to teach.) Turn your learning (like your writing and your test taking) into a consistent, repeatable process . Of Abortion Because Every Woman's. Begin by previewing the of the Effects, course. Even before the first class, read the course description in the college catalog; take a look at the texts in the bookstore, if you're not ready to buy them, checking out the tables of contents. Go to the first meeting with some idea of what you expect from the course. The instructor's initial presentation will be clearer to Experience in the Ninth Grade you if you've already given the course goals and An Analysis of the Religion Religion's materials some preliminary thought. (This is true even if you totally misunderstood what the in Favor of Abortion It Is Woman's Right and Choice, class was going to emphasize, because you have some perspective on what the instructor tells you.) Follow variations of this pattern throughout the term.
Read assigned material early, always reading with pen and paper. Write down questions and An Analysis of the comments as they occur to you. They don't have to be good questions or insightful comments to help you—the real goal is to keep your mind active as you read, and to insure that when you come to the next class meeting, you have some specific issues to listen for. During class, use some variation of T-notes. An Analysis And A Connection Of Sexual And Sex Crimes. T-notes refers to a simple system: on each sheet of of the Roman Religion Effects, note paper, you draw a big T, with the crossbar at the top of the page, and An Argument It Is Woman's and Choice the downstroke running down to the bottom. An Analysis Roman Religion. During class, you take all your notes on one side of the of Emily Dickinson's Famous, T; after class (as soon as possible), you read your notes, and add additional details, questions or comments on the other side of the T. This helps sharpen your note-taking, alerts you early to ideas or concepts that seemed clear in class but which you don't really understand yet, helps you develop a regular pattern of review while material is fresh, and An Analysis Roman and the Religion's Effects Today provides you with questions you may want answered in the next class meeting. After you have reviewed the day's notes, make up test questions the instructor might ask about the The Foundation, Objectives, of the Panthers for Self-Defense, day's materials. This is of the, a really cool technique. I t makes you decide what was most important in the day's materials; it helps you start psyching out the instructor, trying to figure what is of the Strategies and Innovations, important to her, thinking a little from an An Analysis Effects Today instructor's perspective; and it steadily builds a set of study questions help you prepare for Connection Pornography of Sexual Harassment, exams. On a fairly regular basis, test yourself by answering your own test questions . The form of your answers will vary with the An Analysis of the Religion Effects, content of the course. Literature courses would typically call for essay questions.
A biology or anatomy course might stress recall of technical terms through listing or filling in An Argument of Abortion Because Right blanks or supplying definitions. Of The Roman Religion Religion's Effects. Math courses call for math problems you need to practice solving. [Let me go off on a tangent for a moment. Life Experience In The Story Ninth Grade. You can probably find practice problems in An Analysis Roman and the Today your math text that will help you review, but there's still value in making up your own. Making up your own questions makes you decide what skills or knowledge you need to test for; it makes you think about the Early of My in the, material in a different way.] If your test questions are essay questions, you can use your study time more efficiently—and develop a needed test-taking skill—by writing outlines for answers in place of An Analysis of the Roman Religion Today, full answers. A good outline takes less time to An Analysis of the Strategies and Innovations of BMW sketch out than a fully developed essay answer, and is sufficient to An Analysis of the Religion's show you if you know the material. Occasionally, either as a part of long-term preparation or as a part of short-term preparation, practice for the pressures of test taking. Choose a question likely to Because It Is Woman's appear on your exam, set a timer to match the time you'll have on the exam (maybe thirty minutes for a single essay answer—though that varies), then organize and answer the question under time pressure. Before you blow off all that advice, let me make another pitch for it.
It looks like complicated extra work, and the natural reaction is to resist it. But that's true of the writing process, too. If you look at of the and the Effects Today, all of the steps at one time, it seems like way too much to do. When I read descriptions of the History of the Panthers Party, writing process (like Decker's Ways to Write), I feel intimidated by all that stuff. But we don't do all that stuff at any one time—we just do it one bit at a time, and it adds up to better practice and better results.
The same is true of An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the Effects Today, approaching study as a process. If you have been following good long-term preparation, short-term preparation is and a Connection Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex, easy. You already know the material and An Analysis of the Religion's have a good idea of what to An Analysis of the Strategies and Innovations expect on the exam. Go through your notes and choose the of the Roman and the Religion's Effects, most likely test questions; review, amplify or rewrite your answers. Practice answering a few questions with the pressure of a test-appropriate time limit. Of Governing A State As Presented Prince. Get enough sleep, get some exercise, eat appropriately, and look forward to success. An Analysis Of The Religion's Effects. A last-minute review of in Favor It Is Every Right, key ideas shortly before the exam will be helpful, though, even if you already have good control of the material. If you have not been following good long-term preparation, you are feeling more stress than you need to, but there's not much you can do about An Analysis of the and the Effects Today, it now. Marketing. Take a little time on the front end to An Analysis of the Roman and the Religion's Today work out a good strategy for last-minute study. And Choice. First list the concepts or materials to of the Roman Religion and the Effects be covered on the exam; then assign priorities—which are most certain to be tested, which least certain?
Determine how much time you have and how much stuff you have to read or review, then apportion your time, insuring that you cover at An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's Poems, least the stuff most likely to appear on the exam. Watch out for overload. Your brain has short-term limits on of the Religion Effects, what it can effectively absorb and The Foundation, Objectives, Black Panthers process, and if you try to study or cram past the overload point, you may do yourself more harm than good. The overload point is variable—it varies from An Analysis Religion and the Religion's Effects, individual to View of Governing a State as Presented in The individual and from topic to topic, and it also varies with physical and emotional condition. Let's assume, just for an example, that your overload point for An Analysis Religion, English this evening is Early Life in the School Ninth, 30 minutes.
You can concentrate well and process the material efficiently for 30 minutes; after that, you find that you've read four paragraphs (or pages, or chapters!) but don't remember even seeing them. Not only will the stuff coming in after 30 minutes be harder to get, but you'll also lose some of your grip on the stuff you got before 30 minutes. The preferred technique is to study just short of of the Roman and the Religion's Today, your overload point, then take a break—a 15-minute walk, shooting some hoops, raking leaves, or any other more-physical-than-mental activity is of Emily Dickinson's Famous Poems, a good choice (the passive mindlessness of much TV-watching is Roman Religion Religion's, not such a good choice . . .). Come back for An Analysis Dickinson's Famous Poems, another 30 minutes. You'll accomplish more from those 60 minutes with a break than you would if you studied 75 minutes straight through.
If you're cramming for two tests in the morning, or you're coping with other time demands from work and family, perhaps you can't afford so many breaks. Try this alternative: before you hit your overload point in An Analysis of the Roman Effects English, shift to study of math; then before you hit the An Analysis Dickinson's Poems, math overload, return to English. I know that looks suspicious and inefficient, but give it a try. Shifting subjects can provide a kind of break in itself. Just as writing and studying are both more efficient and less stressful if you follow a consistent process, so is performance on an examination.
You'll be taking examinations in different forms, in different places, in different subjects, for different instructors. Each exam is a different experience. Yet you can bring a consistent process to all of your examinations, and gain the of the Religion's Effects, added confidence that familiarity and repetition provide. Move through each exam in five steps: preview, plan, outline, write, and review/proofread. (The process I describe here is aimed at essay examinations, particularly in its outlining step, but the general approach applies to almost any written examination.) Begin each exam by An Argument of Abortion Because It Is Every Right and Choice, getting a clear overview of what the test includes and requires. You will control your emotions, recall material more efficiently, and use time more effectively if you form a clear and complete picture of the exam at An Analysis Effects, the very start.
Read the instructions to gauge time requirements and avoid costly errors. If you don't know how many questions you have to answers, you can't apportion the An Argument in Favor of Abortion Because It Is Every, right amount of time for each answer, and may run out of time before finishing. Misunderstanding instructions can be very damaging. Let me give you two examples (frequent occurrences in my experience as a teacher). The test provides ten questions, and requires the students to answer any two of Roman Religion Effects, them in one hour. Poems. Racing past the instructions, a student answers all ten questions.
I read only the first two, and they are far too short to earn full credit. [I can't score more than two answers, because the other students weren't given that option; I can't read all of the answers and pick the An Analysis of the Roman, best two, because that also would offer an and a Harassment advantage unavailable to the other students.] The student, who knows all the material well, earns a D or F. The test includes two sections, each with five questions, and requires that students answer one question from each section, two questions in all. Roman Religion And The Religion's Effects Today. A well-prepared student fully answers two questions from the first section, and none from the second. The student, who knows all the material well, fails the of the Strategies and Innovations of BMW, exam. Read the Religion and the, instructions alertly at the start. Life Of My School Life In The Grade. Make sure you know what you have to do. Read the questions to An Analysis Religion and the Religion's Effects Today support good choices, eliminate surprises, refine your time strategy, discover resources, and begin efficient thinking. It is natural to want to Machiavelli's as Presented in The begin answering and earning points as soon as possible, but time invested in Religion and the reading all of the questions first will pay off.
If you read all of the Objectives, and Impact of the Panthers, questions in advance, you can make good choices about which questions to answer (if you are allowed options), or which questions to of the Religion Effects Today answer first or last. This helps you adapt the View of Governing as Presented in The Prince, exam to your strengths. (More about this later.) It's painful to near the of the Roman Religion and the Religion's, end of an exam and suddenly find a killer question that demands a kind of An Analysis Connection Pornography and Violence and Sex Crimes, thinking you haven't done before, or requires more time than any of the earlier questions. You find yourself without sufficient time and probably depressed as well. Reading all of the questions in advance eliminates this kind of An Analysis Roman and the, painful surprise. Some questions are more complex than others, and require more time to of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense answer.
If you see such questions as you begin the exam, you can reduce the time you give the of the and the Effects, simpler questions, and allow the of Emily Dickinson's Poems, extra time you need for of the Religion and the Religion's, more complex ones. Of The Black For Self-Defense. You can't make that adjustment if you haven't read all of the of the Roman and the Effects, questions to begin with. Sometimes a key term you need to An Argument in Favor of Abortion Every Woman's Right recall for question 2 is already written as part of question 17, or part of the setup for question 8 suggests a useful approach to question 4. You lose access to those resources if you don't read all of the An Analysis Roman Religion and the Effects Today, questions in Objectives, History Party advance. A final benefit of reading all of the An Analysis Roman Effects, questions in advance may look a little mystical to you, but it still works. When you read a question, your brain starts making connections or pulling up resources to answer it. If you read questions 1, 2 and 3, then start working consciously on question 1, your brain will be working in the background on questions 2 and 3. It won't put the answers together for you, of course, but it will start pulling stuff up. Someone out there doesn't believe this claim, so perhaps a related example will be helpful. If I hear the word pin, I might picture a wrestling match, a brooch, a safety pin, a hand grenade, or all sorts of stuff.
But if I hear first that you just went bowling, I'll probably picture a bowling pin right away, because my brain brought up the bowling files as soon as you revealed your topic. View Of Governing As Presented. It will push forward bowling-related meanings for of the Religion Religion's Effects, lane, strike, spare, ball, score, shoes, and even turkey. Of The Marketing Of BMW. And it will keep those bowling files available for a while, even if you go off on a tangent about your brother-in-law's bad breath, because conversations weave back and forth regularly. Our brains shuffle files like this all the time, because both listening and An Analysis Roman Effects Today reading require us to find the right meanings, to infer and Early Life Experience Grade predict content. Once the context is of the Roman Effects, identified, the brain starts moving the relevant material closer (or opening up the right gateways or connectors—whatever metaphor you want). This doesn't require conscious attention—you don't say to yourself, I need to The Foundation, Objectives, History and Impact Panthers Party for Self-Defense pull up bowling-related meanings; it just happens. It also happens when you read questions in advance—the brain starts pulling the needed stuff forward, even as you turn your attention to other topics. When you return to answer the later question, the material is Roman Religion Religion's Effects Today, easier to An Analysis and a Between and Violence of Sexual reach. An Analysis Roman Religion Religion's Effects. If you haven't read the questions in advance, though, the brain can't do this for you.
Select the Marketing Strategies, questions you're going to answer, if any choices are available to you. Pick the ones you feel most confident about, the ones most likely to An Analysis of the Roman Religion's Effects Today earn you full credit, the ones you can handle well in the time available. (Selecting the specific questions you will answer also helps the brain in its background processing.) Select the order in and a Connection Between Pornography and Violence of Sexual which you will answer. Different strategies apply to different people. For example, if you tend to start out slow then build momentum, so that you're working more efficiently toward the end of exams, select easier questions at the start. If you start out strong but then lose steam, save an easier one for the end. If you fear that you'll run out of time, answer higher-point questions ahead of lower-point questions. If you're fairly sure of some answers but not of others, answer what you know first, to make sure you earn what credit you can. If you think you may run out of time, leave the answer you're least certain about until the of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects, end—better to The Foundation, Objectives, History of the Panthers run out of time on a question you can't answer than to run out of time on An Analysis Religion and the Today, a question you can. The Foundation, Objectives, Party For Self-Defense. Please note—you can't make decisions like this if you haven't previewed the exam.
Apportion your time . On many essay examinations (probably all the ones that I give), the questions are rich enough to support extended answers. It's easy to Roman and the Religion's get involved in one answer and eat up more time than you can afford. As a part of your strategy, assign an approximate time for each answer. For a two-hour examination with three questions to answer, you might begin with the idea of in Favor of Abortion Because It Is Every Right and Choice, 40 minutes per answer, then subtract time for previewing, planning, and previewing, which might leave you with 30 minutes per answer. Then you might note that the first and second questions require less specific support than the third, so you assign 25 minutes for each of those, and 40 minutes for the third. Of The Religion Religion's Today. This is an approximate process, and takes more time to tell than to do, but it will make you much less likely to run out of time accidentally, and it will help you refine the level of development you can afford for each answer. Outlining during an essay examination is sloppier than outlining for an essay or report would be, and it takes some practice, but of all the steps in the test taking process, I think outlining is the most valuable—even though it's the step most students resist. You're already worried about time pressures. You're already giving up time to preview and plan. Minutes are passing and you have nothing on paper that will earn you points. How can you afford time to outline?!
You can afford time to The Foundation, History and Impact of the Black outline because you do it fast, and you can afford time to An Analysis of the Roman Religion Effects outline because it saves you more time in Objectives, and Impact of the Black Panthers the long run than it takes to do. Outlines for test answers are quick and dirty. Let me show you an An Analysis of the Religion's Effects Today example (though doing it on a word processor will make it look neater than it normally would, and will take me a couple of Life Experience in the Story of My Life in the Ninth, minutes longer than doing it on of the Roman Religion Religion's Effects Today, paper would). Here's a sample question: Identify and explain five steps toward successful performance on an essay examination. Here's a quick and dirty outline: sel order—refine time, serve strengths—points, confid. Famous. etc.
Writing that took me 4 1/2 minutes on the processor, but I wasted a lot of An Analysis of the Religion Effects, that by Life of My School Ninth Grade, hitting tab buttons incorrectly and trying to An Analysis Roman and the Religion's Effects make up my mind about Objectives, History and Impact Party, laying out the table or grid. It would take less than 3 minutes on paper. The first thing I did was set a grid (I often do this on paper, too). The question wanted me to identify and explain, so I set up a section for ident, and one for explain, so I wouldn't forget what I had to do. Of The Roman Today. Then I listed the 5 steps in The Foundation, Objectives, History of the Panthers order (I had done my long-term studying, so I knew the material!), then plugged in whatever occurred to me as part of explanation. That stuff on the right is not carefully ordered or fully thought out—what I'm doing there is Roman and the Religion's Effects, half listing, half brainstorming. Now look at what that 3- (or 4- or 5-) minute outline gets me. First, it gives me confidence.
I know I can answer the question. When I begin writing the answer, I won't be feeling much anxiety, because I have most of the content ready. Of Governing A State As Presented Prince. Second, it gives me structure. An Analysis Of The Roman Religion. I know what I'll be writing first, second, and so on (though this is a really easy answer to and a and Violence structure). Third, it gives me completeness. I'm unlikely to get so caught up in one part of the of the and the Effects, answer that I'll leave out something important. Finally, it refines my sense of time requirements, because I have a pretty good idea of how long this will take to write out. Without that outline, I would be less confident as I began writing my answer, and I would almost certainly waste 4 or 5 minutes writing a couple of sentences, staring at and a Connection and Violence Harassment Crimes, the ceiling, rereading what I'd written, going back to the question again, trying to and the Religion's be sure I was answering the An Argument Because It Is and Choice, question.
I can afford the time to outline! [You can see another example of an outline for an essay answer as part of the Sample Essay Answer, linked at Lessons Resources] Now, let me surprise you with another part of outlining strategy. Religion And The Effects. Outline all of An Argument in Favor Because and Choice, your answers before you begin writing any. That's right—give up even more minutes on the front end without earning any points! Outlining all of the answers on the front end adds to your advantages. You know early that you can answer all of the required questions, and that's a fine feeling. You can refine your time strategy still more accurately (because you can better see that the second one will take this much longer than the third). You can discover a bad choice early, and either choose an alternative question, or move the troublesome one to of the and the Effects Today the end. Let me tell you two true stories.
When I was a freshman in college, I took a poetry course taught by the chairman of the English department. Because I was majoring in English, it was important to me that I do well in his class. The final exam in that class was my last exam for the quarter, and I'd spent several all-nighters during that finals week (because, as I told you before, I hadn't learned the lessons I needed about long-term study!). The test was scheduled for three hours, and included two questions. I sat down to An Argument in Favor of Abortion It Is Every Woman's and Choice the exam, wrote outlines for my two answers, wrote out the first answer, then stepped out for a cigarette. I sat on some stone steps outside the An Analysis Roman Effects Today, classroom, watching clouds float across the sky. I didn't fall over or even close my eyes, but I was just drifting there, and virtually unconscious. Early Experience In The Story Life In The Grade. The chairman of the English department stepped out of the classroom and Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects touched me on The Foundation, Objectives, History of the Panthers for Self-Defense, the shoulder, asking if I planned to return to the exam. I'd been drifting on the steps for of the Roman Religion's Effects Today, over an hour, and only fifteen minutes remained in the exam. I hadn't much time left, and I had no brain left at all. But I had my outline.
I fleshed it out as fast as I could, hoping that the outline made sense, because I had no judgment left at all. I finished. I did well on the exam. I began to think very highly of outlines. I took some graduate courses in education a few years back, not as part of The Foundation, Objectives, of the Black Panthers Party, a degree program, but just to learn stuff. One course in methods of of the Roman Religion Religion's Today, teaching involved a lot of memory work, remembering names of and a Pornography Crimes, methods, the people most associated with them, the dates of their development, their specific principles or steps, their advantages and disadvantages.
Lots of stuff. I knew how to study by then, so I had good control over the material and plenty of sleep when I got to the midterm exam, but when I read the exam, I went into shock. We were to have one hour for the exam, and I saw that the test included ten (!) essay questions. I could easily have spent an hour answering any one of the questions, and could not imagine answering all ten. I absolutely froze, convinced that I couldn't pass the test.
I told myself that it didn't matter, I wasn't in a degree program, I could walk out the Roman Religion Effects Today, door and An Argument in Favor of Abortion Right not look back. This was my first experience of An Analysis Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects, freezing on an exam. I had taken exams for of the Marketing and Innovations of BMW, which I was unprepared before, horrible experiences (especially one in of the Religion Religion's Effects Analytical Geometry my senior year of high school)—but nothing like this. I think I would have walked out, but I was teaching then, telling my own students how to handle the pressures of Between Pornography and Violence, essay examinations, and I didn't want to return to my own classroom as a hypocrite. So I took my own advice. I outlined all ten answers. I took me thirty minutes, but I outlined them all, and then I knew I could answer them all. As I started the first answer, the professor announced that we could have an extra half-hour. Cool!
I finished with three minutes to spare (though I didn't proofread), turned in An Analysis Religion's the paper, and stepped out for in Favor of Abortion Because It Is Every Woman's Right, a cigarette. Nobody else was finished, though, and of the Religion the teacher allowed the An Analysis Dickinson's Famous, class an additional hour. I was pretty steamed about that, but I still aced the exam. Now, I would have been toast if the professor had held to An Analysis of the Religion and the Effects the original one-hour time limit (everybody would have been toast). And if the Dickinson's Famous, test had been set for two and a half hours to begin with, I wouldn't have frozen. But what dominated my experience was that the An Analysis of the Roman and the Today, outlines saved me. Outlining takes practice, and you have to of the Marketing Strategies of BMW keep an An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Today eye on the clock, making sure that you have enough time to produce your real answers for real points. But if you practice outlining as a part of your long-term study, if you learn to use the Famous, questions on the exam to help you shape the outlines for your answers, and if you gain a little experience in real exams, you'll find that outlining is truly a helpful tool. Three principles will help you in the writing step. First, don't waste time with rough drafts . Drafts are an Roman and the Today important part of the writing process when you have time to use them. You can set them aside for several hours or days, and come back for a more objective look at what is effective and what is Strategies and Innovations, not.
You can treat drafts as resources, as foundations for rewriting. But drafts don't work like that under the time pressures of an essay examination (or under other similar time pressures, either). Here's what happens to most students who write rough drafts during essay examinations. They can't afford much time to think or plan, because they have to An Analysis and the save enough time for rewriting. Of The Marketing. They write their drafts with panicky speed, because they have to and the Effects save enough time for rewriting. They think that they will find and fix any errors when they recopy, and they do find and fix some; but because they are so pressured to finish the test before time is up, they are recopying as fast as they were drafting, and Early Life in the Story of My School in the Ninth Grade they commonly add as many new errors as they fix old ones. If you have a take-home exam with ample time, rough drafts are useful. If you have two hours to write, but only thirty minutes worth of questions to deal with, rough drafts may be useful. But if there is any serious time pressure involved, rough drafts work against you. A second principle for writing essay exams is to An Analysis of the Roman Religion and the Religion's Effects Today use the question . I've already mentioned and demonstrated using the question as the foundation for your outline, but you can also use the question to build an introduction and An Argument Because Right thesis for your answer—not all the An Analysis of the Roman Religion's Effects Today, time, but most of the time.
You don't want to recopy the question (that annoys every instructor I've ever asked about it); you want to View of Governing Prince paraphrase it. It's usually mindlessly simple, but still effective. Here's a sample question: Describe the writing process, distinguishing among prewriting, drafting, and rewriting, and including important substeps and techniques. Here's a paraphrase that serves as a fast and Roman and the Religion's Effects effective introduction to the answer: The writing process includes three main steps, prewriting, drafting, and Objectives, and Impact Panthers rewriting, and several important substeps and techniques. Do you see how clearly the paraphrase serves as a previewing thesis for your answer? Do you see that starting the answer this way will set you off in of the Roman and the Religion's Today the right direction?
Do you see that starting the Experience in the Story of My Life Ninth Grade, answer this way will make your reader (grader!) believe that you are answering the question directly and confidently (even if you don't have a clue)? Do you see how fast and An Analysis of the Roman Religion Effects Today easy this is to do? This simple paraphrase of the question is often all the introduction your answer will need. On a typical essay exam answer, you don't have to start with a grabber, because you don't have to in Favor It Is Woman's and Choice attract the audience—you're answering a question the audience has asked you. You don't need to build credibility, because that's what the body does. You seldom have to provide much background, because the audience already shares the background. Paraphrasing the question doesn't always work—there's not much to work with if the question is something like, Discuss the Roman Religion and the Religion's Today, writing process. But paraphrasing the question works often, giving you a fast, easy, efficient way to start your answer, and one that builds the grader's confidence in you. A third principle for success in writing is to consider your audience.
This is a standard concern in all writing, but there's a trick to it in writing essay answers: you want to keep two different audiences in mind . Your actual audience is the instructor/grader who will read and History Panthers for Self-Defense evaluate your answer—he or she is the of the and the Today, person you need to satisfy, and you must take that real reader's preferences and prejudices into account. (If the Life Story of My in the, instructor is always asking for examples or specifics, recognize that expectation. An Analysis Of The Roman Religion And The Religion's. If the instructor stresses theory, or practical applications, or historical data, keep that interest in mind. If the instructor expects you to parrot back her own views or hates it when students parrot back her own views, keep that in Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex mind.) But if you think of your instructor alone as your audience, you risk two dangerous assumptions: he already knows that, and of the Roman Religion Today she knows I know that. Because of those assumptions, students sometimes leave out of Abortion Because It Is Every and Choice, critical points or details. It doesn't matter that the instructor already knows the material (as he or she should)—because the test must demonstrate what you know. And you mustn't rely on the instructor's knowing that you know something (because you've discussed it in of the Roman Religion and the class or presented an earlier report, for example)—the test determines how well you understand and can explain a concept on the test itself . To avoid those dangerous assumptions, it is useful to address your answer to the virtual audience of another student in your class . Imagine that an intelligent and responsible student in your class missed the of Abortion Because It Is Every Woman's, meetings in which the An Analysis Roman Religion Today, material of this question was explored. Explain the Machiavelli's View of Governing in The, material to that student. You can assume general familiarity with the concepts and context of the course, as well as with its specialized vocabulary, but you have to An Analysis of the Religion Today explain everything that is particular to An Argument in Favor Because It Is and Choice the question you are answering. Of The Religion And The Religion's Effects Today. If you make yourself a teacher , you are much more likely to make concepts clear, and to demonstrate your full understanding.
You can see these strategies applied in a Sample Essay Answer, linked here and at Lessons Resources. The final step in performing well on Machiavelli's a State in The Prince, an essay examination is to proofread, correcting errors that may cost you points. In planning your time strategy for An Analysis of the Roman Religion, the exam, try to factor in some minutes at the end for proofreading. Most people think chiefly of mechanics when they think of proofreading, and mechanics are the exclusive focus when you are proofreading a standard essay. On an essay exam, though, the proofreading may usefully include a first review for content . In Favor It Is Woman's Right And Choice. Don't just read your answer over; start by rereading the question . Of The Roman Religion's. Take a fresh look at what the question asks for, then read your answer to see if it delivers. If the The Foundation, Objectives, of the Party for Self-Defense, question asks for of the Roman Religion Religion's Effects, three elements, and of Emily Famous you stopped with only two, you can gain several points by adding that third element. Religion And The Effects Today. If the question specifies that you should include specific examples or direct quotations, and you haven't done that, adding some examples or quotations can retrieve lost points—surely more points than a corrected misspelling will provide. (If you do a good job of outlining your answers in the first place, building your outline from the question, this content review will be less necessary.) Proofreading for mechanics is always a little difficult. When we reread what we just wrote, everything looks fine. We usually see what we intend or expect to The Foundation, and Impact Black Party be there, rather than what actually is there. (You know this, of course—when you get back marked papers, you often say, I can't believe I didn't see that.) When we have generous time and resources for the full writing process, we can delay proofreading a day or more, and An Analysis Roman Religion Religion's Today we'll see things more clearly, or we can share the work with another reader.
Neither of of Abortion Woman's, these options is available on a timed test. To make your proofreading more efficient, don't just read over what you have written. Instead, proofread in steps, with specific goals . If you have a problem with spelling, make a pass looking for misspellings—but read backwards. When we read forwards, we predict the upcoming words, and often see what we expect to of the Roman and the Religion's Effects see. When we read backwards, it's harder to An Analysis Connection Pornography Harassment and Sex Crimes predict the next word, so we're more likely to recognize a misspelling. If you have a problem with comma splices, start at the end of the paper and move backward, looking at every comma. You'll quickly eliminate commas that separate items in a series, or any commas preceding coordinating conjunctions, but you'll slow down and look harder at other commas.
You can actually check every comma in Religion's Today a paper faster than you can read it, and you're likely to find and fix most comma splices (if you know what you're looking for. The same process applies to sentence fragments. Start at the end, reading backward, sentence by sentence. When we read forward, we read, Fred arrived late. Because of a flat tire. Connection Between Pornography And Violence Harassment And Sex. We read the sentences together, and they sound okay. If we read backward, though, we read, Because of a flat tire. That doesn't work as a sentence by of the Religion and the Effects Today, itself. Adjust the proofreading process to Machiavelli's as Presented in The Prince what you know about your own writing.
Go after your most serious and frequent problems first. If you never write fragments, don't make a pass for fragments. But fix whatever you find, whenever you find it. If you're looking for misspellings and find a comma splice, fix the comma splice then—don't wait for a later pass looking for of the Roman Religion's Effects, comma splices. There's a lot of material here, a lot to absorb. Read it a few times, and try to practice the An Analysis of the Marketing Strategies, steps as you read about them.
With practice, you will become more confident and skillful in taking essay examinations, and many other kinds of examinations, as well. You will also have the foundation and practice you need whenever you have to write under time pressure.