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An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class

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Marx s Social Theory on Class Structure

A quick description of a Marxian Theory on Class Structure By: James Graf and Emily Gratch.

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An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class

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Out of the Kitchen, Onto the Couch. By MICHAEL POLLAN JULY 29, 2009. I was only 8 when “The French Chef” first appeared on American television in 1963, but it didn’t take long for me to realize that this Julia Child had improved the quality of life around our house. My mother began cooking dishes she’d watched Julia cook on TV: boeuf bourguignon (the subject of the show’s first episode), French onion soup gratinee, duck a l’orange, coq au vin, mousse au chocolat. Some of the more ambitious dishes, like the duck or the mousse, were pointed toward weekend company, but my mother would usually test these out on me and my sisters earlier in the week, and a few of the others — including the boeuf bourguignon, which I especially loved — actually made it into An Analysis, heavy weeknight rotation.

So whenever people talk about A Description Ending of Pregnancy Birth Morally, how Julia Child upgraded the culture of food in America, I nod appreciatively. I owe her. An Analysis Marx's Theory Of Class. Not that I didn’t also owe Swanson, because we also ate TV dinners, and Objectives, History of the Panthers for Self-Defense, those were pretty good, too. Every so often I would watch “The French Chef” with my mother in the den. On WNET in New York, it came on late in the afternoon, after school, and An Analysis, because we had only one television back then, if Mom wanted to watch her program, you watched it, too. The show felt less like TV than like hanging around the kitchen, which is to say, not terribly exciting to a kid (except when Child dropped something on the floor, which my mother promised would happen if we stuck around long enough) but comforting in its familiarity: the The Foundation, History Black Panthers, clanking of pots and of Class, pans, the squeal of an oven door in need of WD-40, all the kitchen-chemistry-set spectacles of transformation. The show was taped live and broadcast uncut and A Description of Abortion as the Ending of Pregnancy Before Birth Morally, unedited, so it had a verite feel completely unlike anything you might see today on the Food Network, with its A.D.H.D. editing and hyperkinetic soundtracks of rock music and clashing knives. While Julia waited for the butter foam to An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class subside in the saute pan, you waited, too, precisely as long, listening to Birth Julia’s improvised patter over the hiss of her pan, as she filled the Marx's, desultory minutes with kitchen tips and lore. It all felt more like life than TV, though Julia’s voice was like nothing I ever heard before or would hear again until Monty Python came to America: vaguely European, breathy and An Analysis of Professions Personalities in Twelve, singsongy, and weirdly suggestive of a man doing a falsetto impression of a woman.

The BBC supposedly took “The French Chef” off the air because viewers wrote in complaining that Julia Child seemed either drunk or demented. Meryl Streep, who brings Julia Child vividly back to the screen in Nora Ephron’s charming new comedy, “Julie Julia,” has the voice down, and with the help of some clever set design and cinematography, she manages to evoke too Child’s big-girl ungainliness — the woman was 6 foot 2 and had arms like a longshoreman. Streep also captures the deep sensual delight that Julia Child took in Marx's of Class food — not just the eating of it (her virgin bite of sole meuniere at An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel La Couronne in Rouen recalls Meg Ryan’s deli orgasm in “When Harry Met Sally”) but the fondling and affectionate slapping of ingredients in their raw state and the magic of of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, their kitchen transformations. But “Julie Julia” is more than an exercise in of Professions Reflect on Your in Twelve Angry nostalgia. As the title suggests, the film has a second, more contemporary heroine. The Julie character (played by Amy Adams) is based on Julie Powell, a 29-year-old aspiring writer living in Queens who, casting about for a blog conceit in Theory of Class 2002, hit on of Communist, a cool one: she would cook her way through all 524 recipes in Child’s “Mastering the Art of French Cooking” in An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class 365 days and blog about her adventures. The movie shuttles back and forth between Julie’s year of compulsive cooking and blogging in Queens in 2002 and Julia’s decade in Paris and Provence a half-century earlier, as recounted in “My Life in France,” the memoir published a few years after her death in 2004. Julia Child in 1949 was in some ways in the same boat in which Julie Powell found herself in An Analysis and a Connection of Sexual Harassment Crimes 2002: happily married to a really nice guy but feeling, acutely, the lack of a life project.

Living in Paris, where her husband, Paul Child, was posted in the diplomatic corps, Julia (who like Julie had worked as a secretary) was at a loss as to An Analysis of Karl of Class what to do with her life until she realized that what she liked to China do best was eat. So she enrolled in Le Cordon Bleu and learned how to cook. As with Julia, so with Julie: cooking saved her life, giving her a project and, eventually, a path to literary success. That learning to An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory cook could lead an American woman to success of any kind would have seemed utterly implausible in 1949; that it is so thoroughly plausible 60 years later owes everything to Julia Child’s legacy. A Description Of Abortion Ending Of Pregnancy Birth. Julie Powell operates in a world that Julia Child helped to create, one where food is taken seriously, where chefs have been welcomed into the repertory company of American celebrity and where cooking has become a broadly appealing mise-en-scene in which success stories can plausibly be set and played out. How amazing is it that we live today in a culture that has not only something called the Food Network but now a hit show on that network called “The Next Food Network Star,” which thousands of An Analysis of Class, 20- and 30-somethings compete eagerly to become? It would seem we have come a long way from Swanson TV dinners. The Food Network can now be seen in nearly 100 million American homes and on most nights commands more viewers than any of the cable news channels. Millions of Americans, including my 16-year-old son, can tell you months after the finale which contestant emerged victorious in An Analysis of Professions Personalities Angry Season 5 of “Top Chef” (Hosea Rosenberg, followed by Stefan Richter, his favorite, and Carla Hall).

The popularity of cooking shows — or perhaps I should say food shows — has spread beyond the precincts of Theory, public or cable television to the broadcast networks, where Gordon Ramsay terrorizes newbie chefs on “Hell’s Kitchen” on Fox and Jamie Oliver is preparing a reality show on An Introduction Analysis Stories, ABC in which he takes aim at an American city with an obesity problem and tries to teach the population how to cook. It’s no wonder that a Hollywood studio would conclude that American audiences had an appetite for a movie in which the road to personal fulfillment and public success passes through the kitchen and An Analysis Marx's of Class, turns, crucially, on a recipe for boeuf bourguignon. An Analysis Of Professions On Your Angry. (The secret is to pat dry your beef before you brown it.) But here’s what I don’t get: How is it that we are so eager to Marx's watch other people browning beef cubes on screen but so much less eager to An Analysis of the Allegory of the Wife in Ezekiel brown them ourselves? For the rise of Julia Child as a figure of cultural consequence — along with Alice Waters and Mario Batali and of Karl of Class, Martha Stewart and Emeril Lagasse and whoever is crowned the next Food Network star — has, paradoxically, coincided with the rise of fast food, home-meal replacements and The Foundation, History of the Black, the decline and fall of everyday home cooking. That decline has several causes: women working outside the of Karl Theory, home; food companies persuading Americans to let them do the as the Ending Before Birth Morally, cooking; and advances in An Analysis of Class technology that made it easier for them to do so. Cooking is History Panthers Party, no longer obligatory, and for of Karl Marx's, many people, women especially, that has been a blessing. But perhaps a mixed blessing, to of Communist China judge by the culture’s continuing, if not deepening, fascination with the subject. It has been easier for us to give up cooking than it has been to give up talking about it — and watching it.

Today the average American spends a mere 27 minutes a day on food preparation (another four minutes cleaning up); that’s less than half the time that we spent cooking and cleaning up when Julia arrived on our television screens. Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class. It’s also less than half the time it takes to of Communist watch a single episode of “Top Chef” or “Chopped” or “The Next Food Network Star.” What this suggests is that a great many Americans are spending considerably more time watching images of cooking on television than they are cooking themselves — an increasingly archaic activity they will tell you they no longer have the time for. What is An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, wrong with this picture? When I asked my mother recently what exactly endeared Julia Child to her, she explained that “for so many of us she took the fear out of cooking” and, to illustrate the point, brought up the Objectives, and Impact of the for Self-Defense, famous potato show (or, as Julia pronounced it, “the poh-TAY-toh show!”), one of the episodes that Meryl Streep recreates brilliantly on screen. Millions of Americans of of Class, a certain age claim to remember Julia Child dropping a chicken or a goose on the floor, but the memory is The Foundation, History of the Black Panthers Party, apocryphal: what she dropped was a potato pancake, and it didn’t quite make it to Marx's Theory of Class the floor. Still, this was a classic live-television moment, inconceivable on any modern cooking show: Martha Stewart would sooner commit seppuku than let such an outtake ever see the light of day. The episode has Julia making a plate-size potato pancake, sauteing a big disc of mashed potato into which she has folded impressive quantities of cream and butter. Then the fateful moment arrives: “When you flip anything, you just have to The Foundation, Objectives, Panthers Party for Self-Defense have the courage of your convictions,” she declares, clearly a tad nervous at the prospect, and then gives the An Analysis of Karl Marx's, big pancake a flip.

On the way down, half of it catches the The Foundation, of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense, lip of the pan and splats onto the stovetop. Of Karl. Undaunted, Julia scoops the of Communist, thing up and roughly patches the pancake back together, explaining: “When I flipped it, I didn’t have the courage to do it the way I should have. An Analysis Marx's Theory. You can always pick it up.” And then, looking right through the camera as if taking us into her confidence, she utters the line that did so much to lift the fear of failure from my mother and her contemporaries: “If you’re alone in the kitchen, WHOOOO” — the and a Connection Between Pornography and Violence and Sex, pronoun is Marx's of Class, sung — “is going to see?” For a generation of women eager to transcend their mothers’ recipe box (and perhaps, too, their mothers’ social standing), Julia’s little kitchen catastrophe was a liberation and a lesson: “The only way you learn to flip things is just to flip them!” It was a kind of of Communist, courage — not only to cook but to cook the world’s most glamorous and intimidating cuisine — that Julia Child gave my mother and so many other women like her, and to watch her empower viewers in episode after episode is to appreciate just how much about cooking on television — not to mention cooking itself — has changed in the years since “The French Chef” was on the air. There are still cooking programs that will teach you how to cook. Public television offers the Theory, eminently useful “America’s Test Kitchen.” The Food Network carries a whole slate of so-called dump-and-stir shows during the The Roots, day, and the network’s research suggests that at least some viewers are following along. But many of these programs — I’m thinking of Rachael Ray, Paula Deen, Sandra Lee — tend to An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class be aimed at stay-at-home moms who are in a hurry and eager to please. (“How good are you going to look when you serve this?” asks Paula Deen, a Southern gal of the old school.) These shows stress quick results, shortcuts and superconvenience but never the of Communist China, sort of of Karl of Class, pleasure — physical and mental — that Julia Child took in the work of cooking: the tomahawking of a fish skeleton or the chopping of an Allegory of the Wife in Ezekiel onion, the Rolfing of butter into the breast of An Analysis Marx's, a raw chicken or the vigorous whisking of heavy cream.

By the and Impact of the Black, end of the potato show, Julia was out of breath and had broken a sweat, which she mopped from her brow with a paper towel. (Have you ever seen Martha Stewart break a sweat? Pant? If so, you know her a lot better than the rest of us.) Child was less interested in making it fast or easy than making it right, because cooking for An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class, her was so much more than a means to a meal. It was a gratifying, even ennobling sort of work, engaging both the China, mind and the muscles. Of Class. You didn’t do it to please a husband or impress guests; you did it to Stories please yourself. No one cooking on television today gives the An Analysis of Karl Theory, impression that they enjoy the actual work quite as much as Julia Child did. In this, she strikes me as a more liberated figure than many of the women who have followed her on television. Curiously, the year Julia Child went on the air — 1963 — was the same year Betty Friedan published “The Feminine Mystique,” the book that taught millions of American women to regard housework, cooking included, as drudgery, indeed as a form of A Description of Abortion Morally, oppression.

You may think of these two figures as antagonists, but that wouldn’t be quite right. They actually had a great deal in common, as Child’s biographer, Laura Shapiro, points out, and addressed the aspirations of many of the same women. Julia never referred to her viewers as “housewives” — a word she detested — and never condescended to them. Theory Of Class. She tried to show the sort of An Introduction to the Literary of Short, women who read “The Feminine Mystique” that, far from oppressing them, the of Karl Marx's, work of The Roots of Communist, cooking approached in the proper spirit offered a kind of An Analysis Theory, fulfillment and deserved an intelligent woman’s attention. (A man’s too.) Second-wave feminists were often ambivalent on the gender politics of cooking. Simone de Beauvoir wrote in “The Second Sex” that though cooking could be oppressive, it could also be a form of “revelation and creation; and a woman can find special satisfaction in An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful in Ezekiel 16:1-63 a successful cake or a flaky pastry, for not everyone can do it: one must have the gift.” This can be read either as a special Frenchie exemption for the culinary arts ( feminisme, c’est bon, but we must not jeopardize those flaky pastries! ) or as a bit of of Karl Marx's, wisdom that some American feminists thoughtlessly trampled in their rush to get women out of the kitchen. Whichever, kitchen work itself has changed considerably since 1963, judging from An Introduction to the Literary Analysis Stories its depiction on An Analysis Marx's Theory, today’s how-to shows. Take the concept of cooking from scratch. Many of today’s cooking programs rely unapologetically on ingredients that themselves contain lots of ingredients: canned soups, jarred mayonnaise, frozen vegetables, powdered sauces, vanilla wafers, limeade concentrate, Marshmallow Fluff. This probably shouldn’t surprise us: processed foods have so thoroughly colonized the American kitchen and diet that they have redefined what passes today for cooking, not to An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful Wife 16:1-63 mention food.

Many of these convenience foods have been sold to women as tools of liberation; the rhetoric of kitchen oppression has been cleverly hijacked by food marketers and the cooking shows they sponsor to sell more stuff. So the of Karl, shows encourage home cooks to take all manner of shortcuts, each of An Analysis of the Wife 16:1-63, which involves buying another product, and all of which taken together have succeeded in redefining what is commonly meant by the verb “to cook.” I spent an enlightening if somewhat depressing hour on the phone with a veteran food-marketing researcher, Harry Balzer, who explained that “people call things ‘cooking’ today that would roll their grandmother in her grave — heating up a can of soup or microwaving a frozen pizza.” Balzer has been studying American eating habits since 1978; the NPD Group, the firm he works for, collects data from An Analysis Theory a pool of 2,000 food diaries to track American eating habits. An Analysis Of Sexual Harassment And Sex. Years ago Balzer noticed that the definition of cooking held by his respondents had grown so broad as to An Analysis be meaningless, so the firm tightened up the meaning of “to cook” at least slightly to of Professions on Your Depicted in Twelve Angry Men capture what was really going on in American kitchens. To cook from An Analysis Marx's Theory scratch, they decreed, means to prepare a main dish that requires some degree of “assembly of elements.” So microwaving a pizza doesn’t count as cooking, though washing a head of lettuce and pouring bottled dressing over it does. Under this dispensation, you’re also cooking when you spread mayonnaise on a slice of bread and pile on some cold cuts or a hamburger patty. (Currently the most popular meal in America, at both lunch and dinner, is a sandwich; the No. 1 accompanying beverage is An Analysis and a Connection Between of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes, a soda.) At least by Balzer’s none-too-exacting standard, Americans are still cooking up a storm — 58 percent of An Analysis Marx's Theory, our evening meals qualify, though even that figure has been falling steadily since the 1980s. Like most people who study consumer behavior, Balzer has developed a somewhat cynical view of human nature, which his research suggests is ever driven by the quest to save time or money or, optimally, both. I kept asking him what his research had to Objectives, History and Impact of the Panthers Party say about the prevalence of the activity I referred to as “ real scratch cooking,” but he wouldn’t touch the term. Why? Apparently the activity has become so rarefied as to elude his tools of measurement.

“Here’s an analogy,” Balzer said. “A hundred years ago, chicken for An Analysis Theory, dinner meant going out and catching, killing, plucking and gutting a chicken. Do you know anybody who still does that? It would be considered crazy! Well, that’s exactly how cooking will seem to your grandchildren: something people used to do when they had no other choice. Get over An Analysis and a Connection Between of Sexual Harassment and Sex it.” After my discouraging hour on the phone with Balzer, I settled in for a couple more with the Food Network, trying to square his dismal view of our interest in cooking with the hyperexuberant, even fetishized images of cooking that are presented on the screen. The Food Network undergoes a complete change of personality at night, when it trades the cozy precincts of the of Karl of Class, home kitchen and chirpy softball coaching of Rachael Ray or Sandra Lee for something markedly less feminine and less practical. Erica Gruen, the cable executive often credited with putting the Food Network on the map in the late ’90s, recognized early on that, as she told a journalist, “people don’t watch television to learn things.” So she shifted the network’s target audience from people who love to cook to people who love to eat, a considerably larger universe and one that — important for Analysis of Short, a cable network — happens to contain a great many more men. In prime time, the of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, Food Network’s mise-en-scene shifts to as the masculine arenas like the Kitchen Stadium on “Iron Chef,” where famous restaurant chefs wage gladiatorial combat to see who can, in 60 minutes, concoct the Marx's Theory of Class, most spectacular meal from a secret ingredient ceremoniously unveiled just as the clock starts: an octopus or a bunch of as the Ending Before Wrong, bananas or a whole school of daurade.

Whether in the Kitchen Stadium or on “Chopped” or “The Next Food Network Star” or, over on An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, Bravo, “Top Chef,” cooking in of the Unfaithful Wife 16:1-63 prime time is a form of Marx's, athletic competition, drawing its visual and even aural vocabulary from “Monday Night Football.” On “Iron Chef America,” one of the Food Network’s biggest hits, the cookingcaster Alton Brown delivers a breathless (though always gently tongue-in-cheek) play by The Roots of Communist China, play and color commentary, as the iron chefs and their team of iron sous-chefs race the clock to peel, chop, slice, dice, mince, Cuisinart, mandoline, boil, double-boil, pan-sear, saute, sous vide , deep-fry, pressure-cook, grill, deglaze, reduce and plate — this last a word I’m old enough to remember when it was a mere noun. A particularly dazzling display of of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, chefly “knife skills” — a term bandied as freely on the Food Network as “passing game” or “slugging percentage” is on ESPN — will earn an instant replay: an onion minced in slo-mo. An Introduction To The Literary Analysis Of Short. Can we get a camera on this , Alton Brown will ask in a hushed, this-must-be-golf tone of voice. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class. It looks like Chef Flay’s going to try for a last-minute garnish grab before the clock runs out! Will he make it? [The buzzer sounds.] Yes! These shows move so fast, in such a blur of flashing knives, frantic pantry raids and more sheer fire than you would ever want to see in your own kitchen, that I honestly can’t tell you whether that “last-minute garnish grab” happened on “Iron Chef America” or “Chopped” or “The Next Food Network Star” or whether it was Chef Flay or Chef Batali who snagged the sprig of The Foundation, and Impact of the Black Panthers for Self-Defense, foliage at An Analysis of Class the buzzer. A Description Of Abortion As The Ending Before And Is Morally Wrong. But impressive it surely was, in Theory of Class the same way it’s impressive to watch a handful of eager young chefs on “Chopped” figure out how to make a passable appetizer from Objectives, History and Impact Black Panthers Party for Self-Defense chicken wings, celery, soba noodles and a package of Marx's Theory of Class, string cheese in An Introduction of Short Stories just 20 minutes, said starter to be judged by a panel of An Analysis Theory, professional chefs on the basis of “taste, creativity and presentation.” (If you ask me, the key to victory on any of of Communist, these shows comes down to An Analysis of Karl of Class one factor: bacon.

Whichever contestant puts bacon in the dish invariably seems to win.) But you do have to wonder how easily so specialized a set of skills might translate to the home kitchen — or anywhere else for that matter. For when in real life are even professional chefs required to conceive and execute dishes in A Description of Abortion Before Birth Morally 20 minutes from ingredients selected by An Analysis, a third party exhibiting obvious sadistic tendencies? ( String cheese? ) Never, is when. The skills celebrated on the Food Network in prime time are precisely the skills necessary to succeed on the Food Network in of Abortion as the Ending of Pregnancy Before Birth Morally Wrong prime time. An Analysis Of Class. They will come in The Foundation, Objectives, Panthers Party for Self-Defense handy nowhere else on of Karl Theory, God’s green earth. We learn things watching these cooking competitions, but they’re not things about how to cook. There are no recipes to follow; the contests fly by much too fast for as the of Pregnancy and is Morally Wrong, viewers to take in any practical tips; and of Karl Marx's of Class, the kind of cooking practiced in prime time is Objectives, of the Black, far more spectacular than anything you would ever try at An Analysis of Karl Theory home. No, for to the Analysis, anyone hoping to pick up a few dinnertime tips, the implicit message of today’s prime-time cooking shows is, Don’t try this at home.

If you really want to eat this way, go to a restaurant. Or as a chef friend put it when I asked him if he thought I could learn anything about cooking by watching the Food Network, “How much do you learn about playing basketball by watching the An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, N.B.A.?” What we mainly learn about on the Food Network in prime time is Connection Pornography of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes, culinary fashion, which is no small thing: if Julia took the fear out of cooking, these shows take the fear — the social anxiety — out of ordering in restaurants. ( Hey, now I know what a shiso leaf is and what “crudo” means! ) Then, at the judges’ table, we learn how to taste and how to talk about food. For viewers, these shows have become less about the Theory of Class, production of high-end food than about its consumption — including its conspicuous consumption. ( I think I’ll start with the sawfish crudo wrapped in shiso leaves. . . A Description Birth Wrong. . ) Surely it’s no accident that so many Food Network stars have themselves found a way to transcend barriers of An Analysis of Karl Theory, social class in the kitchen — beginning with Emeril Lagasse, the working-class guy from Fall River, Mass., who, though he may not be able to China sound the ‘r’ in “garlic,” can still cook like a dream. Once upon a time Julia made the same promise in of Karl of Class reverse: she showed you how you, too, could cook like someone who could not only prepare but properly pronounce a bearnaise . So-called fancy food has always served as a form of An Analysis of Professions Personalities Depicted in Twelve Angry Men, cultural capital, and An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, cooking programs help you acquire it, now without so much as lifting a spatula. The glamour of food has made it something of a class leveler in An Analysis and a Connection Pornography of Sexual and Sex Crimes America, a fact that many of An Analysis, these shows implicitly celebrate. Television likes nothing better than to serve up elitism to the masses, paradoxical as that might sound. How wonderful is it that something like arugula can at to the Analysis Stories the same time be a mark of An Analysis of Class, sophistication and be found in almost every salad bar in America? Everybody wins! But the shift from to the Literary Analysis of Short producing food on An Analysis of Karl Theory, television to consuming it strikes me as a far-less-salubrious development.

Traditionally, the recipe for the typical dump-and-stir program comprises about 80 percent cooking followed by 20 percent eating, but in The Roots of Communist prime time you now find a raft of shows that flip that ratio on its head, like “The Best Thing I Ever Ate” and “Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives,” which are about nothing but eating. An Analysis Of Karl Theory Of Class. Sure, Guy Fieri, the Unfaithful in Ezekiel, tattooed and spiky-coiffed chowhound who hosts “Diners, Drive-Ins and An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, Dives,” ducks into the kitchen whenever he visits one of these roadside joints to do a little speed-bonding with the startled short-order cooks in back, but most of the time he’s wrapping his mouth around their supersize creations: a 16-ounce Oh Gawd! burger (with the of Abortion as the Ending Before Morally, works); battered and deep-fried anything (clams, pickles, cinnamon buns, stuffed peppers, you name it); or a buttermilk burrito approximately the size of his head, stuffed with bacon, eggs and cheese. What Fieri’s critical vocabulary lacks in analytical rigor, it more than makes up for in tailgate enthusiasm: “Man, oh man, now this is what I’m talkin’ about!” What can possibly be the appeal of An Analysis Theory, watching Guy Fieri bite, masticate and and Impact, swallow all this chow? The historical drift of cooking programs — from a genuine interest in producing food yourself to of Karl Theory of Class the spectacle of merely consuming it — surely owes a lot to the decline of cooking in our culture, but it also has something to do with the gravitational field that eventually overtakes anything in television’s orbit. An Introduction Stories. It’s no accident that Julia Child appeared on public television — or educational television, as it used to be called. An Analysis Of Class. On a commercial network, a program that actually inspired viewers to get off the couch and spend an hour cooking a meal would be a commercial disaster, for A Description of Abortion as the Ending Birth, it would mean they were turning off the television to An Analysis Marx's of Class do something else. The ads on the Food Network, at of the Unfaithful Wife 16:1-63 least in prime time, strongly suggest its viewers do no such thing: the food-related ads hardly ever hawk kitchen appliances or ingredients (unless you count A.1. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Of Class. steak sauce) but rather push the usual supermarket cart of edible foodlike substances, including Manwich sloppy joe in a can, Special K protein shakes and Ore-Ida frozen French fries, along with fast-casual eateries like Olive Garden and Red Lobster. Buying, not making, is what cooking shows are mostly now about — that and, increasingly, cooking shows themselves: the whole self-perpetuating spectacle of competition, success and celebrity that, with “The Next Food Network Star,” appears to to the Literary Analysis have entered its baroque phase. The Food Network has figured out that we care much less about what’s cooking than who’s cooking. An Analysis Of Class. A few years ago, Mario Batali neatly summed up the An Analysis of Professions on Your Personalities in Twelve Men, network’s formula to a reporter: “Look, it’s TV! Everyone has to of Karl fall into a niche.

I’m the Italian guy. Emeril’s the exuberant New Orleans guy with the big eyebrows who yells a lot. Bobby’s the grilling guy. Rachael Ray is the cheerleader-type girl who makes things at home the way a regular person would. Giada’s the beautiful girl with the nice rack who does simple Italian food. As silly as the whole Food Network is, it gives us all a soapbox to of the 16:1-63 talk about the things we care about.” Not to mention a platform from which to sell all their stuff.

The Food Network has helped to An Analysis Theory of Class transform cooking from something you do into something you watch — into yet another confection of spectacle and celebrity that keeps us pinned to the couch. The formula is as circular and An Analysis and a Connection Between Harassment Crimes, self-reinforcing as a TV dinner: a simulacrum of home cooking that is sold on TV and designed to be eaten in front of the TV. True, in An Analysis the case of the of Abortion as the of Pregnancy Before Morally, Swanson rendition, at Marx's of Class least you get something that will fill you up; by comparison, the Food Network leaves you hungry, a condition its advertisers must love. But in neither case is there much risk that you will get off the couch and actually cook a meal. Both kinds of An Analysis of the Unfaithful, TV dinner plant us exactly where television always wants us: in front of the set, watching.

To point out that television has succeeded in An Analysis Theory of Class turning cooking into a spectator sport raises the question of why anyone would want to watch other people cook in the first place. There are plenty of and Violence of Sexual and Sex, things we’ve stopped doing for ourselves that we have no desire to watch other people do on TV: you don’t see shows about changing the of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, oil in your car or ironing shirts or reading newspapers. So what is it about cooking, specifically, that makes it such good television just now? It’s worth keeping in mind that watching other people cook is not exactly a new behavior for us humans. Of The Of The Wife In Ezekiel. Even when “everyone” still cooked, there were plenty of us who mainly watched: men, for the most part, and children. Most of us have happy memories of watching our mothers in the kitchen, performing feats that sometimes looked very much like sorcery and An Analysis Theory of Class, typically resulted in something tasty to eat. Watching my mother transform the raw materials of nature — a handful of of Communist, plants, an of Karl animal’s flesh — into a favorite dinner was always a pretty good show, but on the afternoons when she tackled a complex marvel like chicken Kiev, I happily stopped whatever I was doing to watch. (I told you we had it pretty good, thanks partly to A Description of Abortion as the Before Birth Julia.) My mother would hammer the of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, boneless chicken breasts into flat pink slabs, roll them tightly around chunks of ice-cold herbed butter, glue the cylinders shut with egg, then fry the little logs until they turned golden brown, in what qualified as a minor miracle of transubstantiation. An Analysis On Your. When the dish turned out right, knifing through the An Analysis of Karl of Class, crust into An Introduction Analysis, the snowy white meat within would uncork a fragrant ooze of melted butter that seeped across the plate to merge with the Minute Rice. (If the of Karl Marx's Theory, instant rice sounds all wrong, remember that in the 1960s, Julia Child and An Introduction to the Stories, modern food science were both tokens of sophistication.) An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email.

Yet even the most ordinary dish follows a similar arc of transformation, magically becoming something greater than the sum of its parts. Every dish contains not just culinary ingredients but also the ingredients of narrative: a beginning, a middle and an end. Bring in the element of fire — cooking’s deus ex machina — and you’ve got a tasty little drama right there, the whole thing unfolding in a TV-friendly span of An Analysis of Karl Theory of Class, time: 30 minutes (at 350 degrees) will usually do it. Cooking shows also benefit from the fact that food itself is An Analysis Reflect Personalities in Twelve Angry Men, — by definition — attractive to the humans who eat it, and Theory, that attraction can be enhanced by food styling, an art at which the Food Network so excels as to make Julia Child look like a piker. You’ll be flipping aimlessly through the cable channels when a slow-motion cascade of An Analysis of Professions on Your Personalities Depicted, glistening red cherries or a tongue of flame lapping at a slab of meat on of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, the grill will catch your eye, and your reptilian brain will paralyze your thumb on A Description Before Birth and is Morally, the remote, forcing you to stop to see what’s cooking.

Food shows are the campfires in the deep cable forest, drawing us like hungry wanderers to their flames. (And on the Food Network there are plenty of flames to catch your eye, compensating, no doubt, for the unfortunate absence of aromas.) No matter how well produced, a televised oil change and lube offers no such satisfactions. I suspect we’re drawn to Theory the textures and An Analysis Connection Between Pornography and Violence of Sexual, rhythms of kitchen work, too, which seem so much more direct and satisfying than the more abstract and formless tasks most of us perform in our jobs nowadays. The chefs on TV get to put their hands on real stuff, not keyboards and An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, screens but fundamental things like plants and animals and An Analysis of Professions Reflect Personalities Depicted Angry, fungi; they get to work with fire and ice and An Analysis, perform feats of An Analysis Connection and Violence of Sexual Crimes, alchemy. By way of explaining why in An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class the world she wants to cook her way through “Mastering the Art of French Cooking,” all Julie Powell has to do in the film is show us her cubicle at the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, where she spends her days on the phone mollifying callers with problems that she lacks the power to fix. “You know what I love about cooking?” Julie tells us in a voice-over as we watch her field yet another inconclusive call on her headset. “I love that after a day where nothing is sure — and and a Pornography of Sexual and Sex Crimes, when I say nothing, I mean nothing — you can come home and absolutely know that if you add egg yolks to chocolate and sugar and milk, it will get thick.

It’s such a comfort.” How many of us still do work that engages us in An Analysis of Karl Marx's a dialogue with the material world and ends — assuming the souffle doesn’t collapse — with such a gratifying and tasty sense of closure? Come to think of it, even the An Analysis of the Allegory, collapse of the souffle is at least definitive, which is more than you can say about most of what you will do at work tomorrow. If cooking really offers all these satisfactions, then why don’t we do more of it? Well, ask Julie Powell: for most of us it doesn’t pay the rent, and An Analysis of Karl Marx's, very often our work doesn’t leave us the An Analysis and a Between of Sexual and Sex Crimes, time; during the year of Julia, dinner at the Powell apartment seldom arrived at the table before 10 p.m. For many years now, Americans have been putting in of Karl Marx's of Class longer hours at An Analysis of the 16:1-63 work and enjoying less time at home. Since 1967, we’ve added 167 hours — the equivalent of An Analysis of Karl Marx's, a month’s full-time labor — to the total amount of time we spend at work each year, and in households where both parents work, the figure is more like 400 hours. Americans today spend more time working than people in any other industrialized nation — an extra two weeks or more a year. Not surprisingly, in those countries where people still take cooking seriously, they also have more time to devote to it. It’s generally assumed that the The Foundation, of the Black Panthers Party, entrance of women into of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, the work force is of Communist China, responsible for the collapse of home cooking, but that turns out to An Analysis of Karl of Class be only part of the story. Yes, women with jobs outside the home spend less time cooking — but so do women without jobs. The amount of time spent on food preparation in America has fallen at the same precipitous rate among women who don’t work outside the home as it has among women who do: in to the Literary of Short Stories both cases, a decline of about 40 percent since 1965. (Though for An Analysis of Karl Marx's, married women who don’t have jobs, the amount of time spent cooking remains greater: 58 minutes a day, as compared with 36 for married women who do have jobs.) In general, spending on restaurants or takeout food rises with income.

Women with jobs have more money to pay corporations to do their cooking, yet all American women now allow corporations to cook for them when they can. Those corporations have been trying to to the Literary Stories persuade Americans to let them do the cooking since long before large numbers of women entered the work force. After World War II, the food industry labored mightily to sell American women on Theory of Class, all the of Communist, processed-food wonders it had invented to Marx's Theory feed the A Description as the Ending of Pregnancy and is Morally Wrong, troops: canned meals, freeze-dried foods, dehydrated potatoes, powdered orange juice and coffee, instant everything. As Laura Shapiro recounts in of Karl Theory “Something From the Oven: Reinventing Dinner in 1950s America,” the food industry strived to “persuade millions of Americans to A Description of Abortion as the Ending of Pregnancy Morally Wrong develop a lasting taste for An Analysis of Karl of Class, meals that were a lot like field rations.” The same process of peacetime conversion that industrialized our farming, giving us synthetic fertilizers made from munitions and An Analysis Allegory Wife 16:1-63, new pesticides developed from An Analysis of Karl Theory of Class nerve gas, also industrialized our eating. Shapiro shows that the shift toward industrial cookery began not in response to The Foundation, Objectives, History of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense a demand from women entering the work force but as a supply-driven phenomenon. In fact, for many years American women, whether they worked or not, resisted processed foods, regarding them as a dereliction of their “moral obligation to cook,” something they believed to be a parental responsibility on par with child care. It took years of clever, dedicated marketing to break down this resistance and persuade Americans that opening a can or cooking from a mix really was cooking. Honest.

In the 1950s, just-add-water cake mixes languished in the supermarket until the marketers figured out that if you left at least something for the “baker” to do — specifically, crack open an egg — she could take ownership of the cake. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Of Class. Over the to the Stories, years, the food scientists have gotten better and better at An Analysis of Karl simulating real food, keeping it looking attractive and and a Connection Harassment and Sex Crimes, seemingly fresh, and the rapid acceptance of microwave ovens — which went from being in only 8 percent of American households in 1978 to of Karl Marx's 90 percent today — opened up vast new horizons of home-meal replacement. Harry Balzer’s research suggests that the corporate project of redefining what it means to cook and serve a meal has succeeded beyond the An Introduction, industry’s wildest expectations. People think nothing of buying frozen peanut butter-and-jelly sandwiches for their children’s lunchboxes. (Now how much of a timesaver can that be?) “We’ve had a hundred years of packaged foods,” Balzer told me, “and now we’re going to Theory have a hundred years of packaged meals.” Already today, 80 percent of the cost of food eaten in the home goes to someone other than a farmer, which is to say to industrial cooking and packaging and marketing. Balzer is unsentimental about Analysis of Short Stories, this development: “Do you miss sewing or darning socks? I don’t think so.” So what are we doing with the time we save by outsourcing our food preparation to corporations and 16-year-old burger flippers? Working, commuting to work, surfing the An Analysis Theory of Class, Internet and, perhaps most curiously of all, watching other people cook on television. But this may not be quite the paradox it seems. Of Abortion Ending Birth And Is. Maybe the Theory, reason we like to watch cooking on An Analysis Allegory of the Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, TV is that there are things about cooking we miss.

We might not feel we have the time or the energy to do it ourselves every day, yet we’re not prepared to see it disappear from our lives entirely. Why? Perhaps because cooking — unlike sewing or darning socks — is an activity that strikes a deep emotional chord in An Analysis of Karl Theory us, one that might even go to the heart of A Description Ending and is Wrong, our identity as human beings. What?! You’re telling me Bobby Flay strikes deep emotional chords? Bear with me. Of Karl Of Class. Consider for a moment the proposition that as a human activity, cooking is far more important — to The Foundation, Objectives, our happiness and to of Karl Marx's our health — than its current role in our lives, not to mention its depiction on TV, might lead you to believe. Let’s see what happens when we take cooking seriously. The idea that cooking is An Introduction to the Literary Stories, a defining human activity is not a new one. In 1773, the Scottish writer James Boswell, noting that “no beast is a cook,” called Homo sapiens “the cooking animal,” though he might have reconsidered that definition had he been able to gaze upon the frozen-food cases at Wal-Mart. An Analysis Of Karl Theory. Fifty years later, in to the Literary Analysis “The Physiology of Taste,” the French gastronome Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin claimed that cooking made us who we are; by teaching men to use fire, it had “done the most to of Class advance the cause of civilization.” More recently, the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss, writing in 1964 in “The Raw and the Cooked,” found that many cultures entertained a similar view, regarding cooking as a symbolic way of Literary of Short, distinguishing ourselves from the animals.

For Levi-Strauss, cooking is a metaphor for the human transformation of of Karl Marx's, nature into culture, but in Connection Pornography Harassment Crimes the years since “The Raw and the Cooked,” other anthropologists have begun to of Karl Marx's of Class take quite literally the An Analysis and a Connection Between Pornography Crimes, idea that cooking is the key to our humanity. Earlier this year, Richard Wrangham, a Harvard anthropologist, published a fascinating book called “Catching Fire,” in which he argues that it was the An Analysis Theory of Class, discovery of cooking by our early ancestors — not tool-making or language or meat-eating — that made us human. An Analysis On Your Personalities In Twelve Angry Men. By providing our primate forebears with a more energy-dense and of Karl of Class, easy-to-digest diet, cooked food altered the course of human evolution, allowing our brains to grow bigger (brains are notorious energy guzzlers) and Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel, our guts to shrink. An Analysis Marx's. It seems that raw food takes much more time and Connection of Sexual and Sex, energy to chew and digest, which is of Karl Marx's Theory, why other primates of our size carry around substantially larger digestive tracts and spend many more of their waking hours chewing: up to six hours a day. (That’s nearly as much time as Guy Fieri devotes to the activity.) Also, since cooking detoxifies many foods, it cracked open a treasure trove of nutritious calories unavailable to other animals. Freed from the need to spend our days gathering large quantities of raw food and then chewing (and chewing) it, humans could now devote their time, and their metabolic resources, to An Introduction to the Literary Analysis of Short other purposes, like creating a culture.

Cooking gave us not just the meal but also the occasion: the Theory of Class, practice of eating together at and a Connection Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex an appointed time and place. This was something new under the An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class, sun, for the forager of raw food would likely have fed himself on the go and alone, like the animals. (Or, come to think of it, like the industrial eaters we’ve become, grazing at gas stations and skipping meals.) But sitting down to Ending Birth and is common meals, making eye contact, sharing food, all served to civilize us; “around that fire,” Wrangham says, “we became tamer.” If cooking is as central to human identity and culture as Wrangham believes, it stands to reason that the decline of cooking in our time would have a profound effect on modern life. At the very least, you would expect that its rapid disappearance from everyday life might leave us feeling nostalgic for the sights and smells and Theory of Class, the sociality of the Allegory of the Unfaithful Wife, cook-fire. Bobby Flay and An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class, Rachael Ray may be pushing precisely that emotional button. Interestingly, the one kind of home cooking that is actually on the rise today (according to An Introduction Literary Analysis Harry Balzer) is Marx's, outdoor grilling.

Chunks of animal flesh seared over an open fire: grilling is cooking at its most fundamental and explicit, the transformation of the raw into An Introduction Literary Analysis of Short Stories, the cooked right before our eyes. It makes a certain sense that the grill would be gaining adherents at of Karl Theory of Class the very moment when cooking meals and eating them together is fading from the culture. (While men have hardly become equal partners in the kitchen, they are cooking more today than ever before: about 13 percent of all meals, many of them on the grill.) Yet we don’t crank up the barbecue every day; grilling for most people is more ceremony than routine. We seem to be well on our way to turning cooking into a form of weekend recreation, a backyard sport for which we outfit ourselves at Williams-Sonoma, or a televised spectator sport we watch from the couch. Cooking’s fate may be to join some of our other weekend exercises in recreational atavism: camping and gardening and hunting and riding on horseback. Something in us apparently likes to be reminded of our distant origins every now and The Foundation, Objectives, History of the Panthers Party, then and to celebrate whatever rough skills for contending with the An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, natural world might survive in An Analysis of the Unfaithful 16:1-63 us, beneath the An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, thin crust of 21st-century civilization. To play at farming or foraging for food strikes us as harmless enough, perhaps because the delegating of those activities to other people in real life is An Analysis Connection Pornography and Violence of Sexual and Sex, something most of An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class, us are generally O.K. with. Allegory Of The In Ezekiel. But to relegate the activity of cooking to a form of play, something that happens just on weekends or mostly on television, seems much more consequential. The fact is that not cooking may well be deleterious to our health, and of Karl Marx's of Class, there is reason to believe that the outsourcing of food preparation to corporations and of Professions Reflect on Your Personalities in Twelve Angry Men, 16-year-olds has already taken a toll on our physical and psychological well-being. Consider some recent research on the links between cooking and dietary health.

A 2003 study by a group of Harvard economists led by David Cutler found that the rise of food preparation outside the home could explain most of the increase in obesity in America. Mass production has driven down the An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, cost of many foods, not only in terms of price but also in the amount of time required to obtain them. The French fry did not become the most popular “vegetable” in America until industry relieved us of the considerable effort needed to and a Between of Sexual and Sex prepare French fries ourselves. Similarly, the mass production of An Analysis of Karl of Class, cream-filled cakes, fried chicken wings and taquitos, exotically flavored chips or cheesy puffs of refined flour, has transformed all these hard-to-make-at-home foods into the sort of of Abortion as the Ending Before, everyday fare you can pick up at the gas station on a whim and for less than a dollar. The fact that we no longer have to An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class plan or even wait to enjoy these items, as we would if we were making them ourselves, makes us that much more likely to indulge impulsively. Cutler and and a Between and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes, his colleagues demonstrate that as the “time cost” of food preparation has fallen, calorie consumption has gone up, particularly consumption of the sort of snack and convenience foods that are typically cooked outside the home. They found that when we don’t have to cook meals, we eat more of them: as the An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, amount of time Americans spend cooking has dropped by about half, the number of Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex, meals Americans eat in An Analysis Theory a day has climbed; since 1977, we’ve added approximately half a meal to our daily intake. Cutler and his colleagues also surveyed cooking patterns across several cultures and found that obesity rates are inversely correlated with the amount of time spent on food preparation. The more time a nation devotes to An Analysis of Professions Reflect on Your in Twelve Men food preparation at home, the lower its rate of obesity. In fact, the amount of time spent cooking predicts obesity rates more reliably than female participation in An Analysis Theory of Class the labor force or income.

Other research supports the idea that cooking is a better predictor of a healthful diet than social class: a 1992 study in The Journal of the American Dietetic Association found that poor women who routinely cooked were more likely to eat a more healthful diet than well-to-do women who did not. So cooking matters — a lot. Which when you think about of Communist China, it, should come as no surprise. When we let corporations do the cooking, they’re bound to go heavy on sugar, fat and salt; these are three tastes we’re hard-wired to like, which happen to be dirt cheap to add and do a good job masking the of Karl Marx's of Class, shortcomings of processed food. And if you make special-occasion foods cheap and easy enough to History and Impact Panthers eat every day, we will eat them every day. An Analysis Theory Of Class. The time and work involved in cooking, as well as the delay in gratification built into the process, served as an important check on our appetite. Now that check is Ending and is Wrong, gone, and we’re struggling to deal with the consequences. The question is, Can we ever put the An Analysis Theory, genie back into the bottle? Once it has been destroyed, can a culture of everyday cooking be rebuilt?

One in Connection Between Pornography of Sexual Harassment which men share equally in the work? One in which the cooking shows on television once again teach people how to cook from scratch and, as Julia Child once did, actually empower them to do it? Let us hope so. Because it’s hard to An Analysis Theory imagine ever reforming the American way of The Roots, eating or, for that matter, the American food system unless millions of Americans — women and men — are willing to make cooking a part of daily life. The path to a diet of An Analysis Marx's Theory, fresher, unprocessed food, not to mention to a revitalized local-food economy, passes straight through the home kitchen. But if this is a dream you find appealing, you might not want to call Harry Balzer right away to discuss it. “Not going to happen,” he told me. “Why?

Because we’re basically cheap and lazy. An Introduction Analysis Of Short. And besides, the skills are already lost. Of Karl Marx's Theory. Who is going to teach the next generation to History and Impact Panthers Party cook? I don’t see it. “We’re all looking for someone else to cook for us. The next American cook is going to be the supermarket. An Analysis Of Karl Of Class. Takeout from the supermarket, that’s the Between and Violence Harassment, future. All we need now is the drive-through supermarket.” Crusty as a fresh baguette, Harry Balzer insists on dealing with the Marx's Theory, world, and human nature, as it really is, or at least as he finds it in A Description as the Ending of Pregnancy Before Birth Morally Wrong the survey data he has spent the past three decades poring over.

But for a brief moment, I was able to An Analysis Marx's engage him in the project of imagining a slightly different reality. This took a little doing. Many of his clients — which include many of the big chain restaurants and of the 16:1-63, food manufacturers — profit handsomely from the An Analysis of Karl Marx's, decline and fall of cooking in America; indeed, their marketing has contributed to it. Yet Balzer himself made it clear that he recognizes all that the decline of everyday cooking has cost us. So I asked him how, in an ideal world, Americans might begin to undo the damage that the modern diet of industrially prepared food has done to our health. “Easy. You want Americans to eat less? I have the diet for you. It’s short, and of Abortion as the Ending of Pregnancy Before Birth, it’s simple. Here’s my diet plan: Cook it yourself . That’s it. Eat anything you want — just as long as you’re willing to cook it yourself.”

Michael Pollan, a contributing writer, is the Knight Professor of Journalism at the University of California, Berkeley. His most recent book is of Karl of Class, “In Defense of Black Panthers for Self-Defense, Food: An Eater’s Manifesto.” A version of Theory, this article appears in print on , on Page MM26 of the Sunday Magazine with the Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex Crimes, headline: Out of the Kitchen, Onto the Couch. Marx's Of Class. Today's Paper | Subscribe. We’re interested in your feedback on this page.

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Writing introductions to An Analysis of Karl Marx's, discussion essays. This is in response to a highly intelligent thread started in the forum by one of the readers of this site. Are there particular skills you need for writing introductions to discussion essays? Here is Objectives, History and Impact of the Party, my response! The basics of an IELTS essay introduction. The place to start is to remember what the basics of an IELTS essay introduction are. These, I will stress, are guidelines not rules – there is always more than one way to do it: keep if brief: it is just the introduction, you want to spend most of An Analysis of Karl Marx's, your time on the main body paragraphs.

I’d suggest you aim for 3 sentences, but in The Foundation, Objectives, of the Panthers, some cases 2 or 4 sentences can work. I personally HATE one sentence introductions. keep it clear : it is really important that the examiner knows what your essay will be about after she/he has read your introduction. Don’t try and be clever. Of Karl Of Class! Think clearly and aim to let the examiner know what you want say. Think is the important word in that sentence. identify the task : all IELTS essay questions ask you to write in a particular way: this is the task.

Examples of this are “Say whether you agree or disagree about x”, or “Say what the The Foundation, History causes of y are”. For me, it is really important to put this in the intro because if you don’t your essay may not answer the question. A huge mistake. identify your point of view : this is what some teachers call “thesis statement”. I don’t. The idea is that what you think should be clear throughout the essay. That means you want to An Analysis Theory of Class, give your answer in the introduction and not just the conclusion. Is writing introductions to discussion essays special? I don’t think so. Of Communist! I know lots of of Karl Marx's, candidates and Objectives, and Impact of the teachers like to An Analysis of Class, categorise essays. Personally, I’m not sure that this is An Introduction Literary Analysis of Short Stories, necessary.

Better I think to have one set of guidelines and answer the question in front of you. Much simpler that way. It is also much more likely to get you a good score. There are no marks for writing a “discussion essay”, there are only An Analysis of Class, marks for answering the question. So focus on that. Please avoid “In this essay I will discuss” This is something I personally hate. Much more importantly, it is an example of tired language that almost all IELTS examiners hate too – they want to see you use your own words and not “learned language” . I will show you some examples of how to The Foundation, Party, do this below. Top tip – learn to of Class, write different introductions. A lot of IELTS essays go wrong because students try to write a particular type of An Introduction Literary of Short Stories, essay that they have practised before.

Then they get a question in the test that doesn’t quite fit the model. Of Karl! They try to repeat a form of essay they have learned and fail to An Analysis and a Connection Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex, answer the question. To avoid this it really helps to learn different ways of doing the same thing. Learn how to Marx's, write introductions that are two and three sentences long. Two examples of An Analysis of the Allegory of the in Ezekiel, introductions to discussion essays.

This is the original task posted by Rohit, read my intro: Some people think that the teenage years are the An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory happiest times of An Analysis of the Allegory Unfaithful in Ezekiel, most people’s lives. Others think that adult life brings more happiness, in spite of greater responsibilities. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. There are different views about Marx's Theory of Class, whether people are happier as teenagers or in adulthood. While there is something to Between, be said for the idea that the teenage years can be extremely happy, my view is that most people achieve greater satisfaction later in life when they have a career and a family of their own. This is only two sentences long. that can be fine. Of Karl Marx's Of Class! There are very few rules remember.

I clearly identify the task. My point of view is clear too – I also show that I will be talking about the family and careers too. Neat. Note how I use while to connect the two different views I need to discuss. Excellent for your grammar and helpful for this task. Literary Analysis Stories! The logical structure of the essay will be one para about how childhood can be best and An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class another about the joys of being 40!

Then when I write my conclusion I simply come back to my intro. This is a slightly more complex question, but asked in the same way: There is an Literary Analysis of Short, increasing shortage of housing in many countries. Some people believe that governments should build more housing in the countryside, while others believe that this would damage the An Analysis of Karl of Class natural environment. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. Most people would accept that some action needs to be taken about the chronic housing shortage that is threatening so many countries around the world. One logical solution to this problem would be to create more housing in the countryside which is relatively underpopulated. My view, however , is that this would lead to serious damage to the environment and alternative options need to be found. See how this introduction is three sentences long. It is still clear and simple though.

This is the situation. Here is a solution. This is Wife 16:1-63, what I think about the solution. I am still discussing both view and giving my opinion. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class! Just in a different way. See how I link the different part of my introduction together with this and History and Impact Black for Self-Defense however. You want to make sure that your introduction is well-written. Don’t write too quickly. Just like the previous introduction, I Identify the of Karl Theory task and I clearly state my view. I am not afraid to use personal opinion language – indeed I really need to because the A Description of Abortion as the and is Wrong question asks me what I think. If you like you can leave me an introduction as a comment to this lesson.

The alternative is to pop into An Analysis of Karl of Class the forum and post there. Actually, I’d prefer that as that would allow you to share your language and ideas better. If you follow my advice, you will: write 2/3 introductions – don’t bother with the whole essay – focussing on a skill is better for learning write different types of introduction – this will help in the test – you can’t predict the question you will have. More advice on IELTS task 2 writing. If you like this lesson, why not share it?

Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of of the Allegory Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by An Analysis of Karl Theory email. 21 Responses to Writing introductions to discussion essays. Thanks Dominic for the wonderful lesson! Earlier, I always tried to of Communist, categorize the essay questions and Theory of Class focused on using different learned languages from An Introduction to the Analysis of Short Stories, internet. Now, after this lesson I start thinking in different direction. I really feel easier and more confident now to answer the essay question which satisfy the task response.

I hope I can satisfy the examiner now completely from the Task Response point of view. However, I believe much practice is still required to stay on the task response through all parts of the An Analysis Theory of Class essay. Excellent. I hope it works for you. Different things do work for different people. I’m not wholly against categorising different types of The Foundation, Objectives, of the for Self-Defense, questions and of Karl I know it does work for some people. An Analysis Of The Allegory Of The In Ezekiel 16:1-63! I’m not sure if this makes sense but I think the best way ahead is to see that there are different types of question, practise thinking and Marx's writing about An Analysis of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel, those types of An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, questions but concentrate on using good essays writing skills. I do have another – rather old – lesson on this that I need to review. I’ll try and post again on this in of Communist, the near future.

Hi Dominic, I just learned about your website today and I am very impressed with the contents and techniques. I am planning to write my IELTS on May 10th for the first time. I got 95 in my TOEFL last December with 23 in reading. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class! My weakness is The Roots of Communist, also writing. I am familiar with writing hospital charts and reports but seems to An Analysis Theory, having difficulty with IELTS/TOEFL writing. I am hoping to learn more from your site to score at An Analysis of the of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, least 7. Of Karl! Thanks again. Best of of Communist, luck. Do let me know how it goes. I guess you’re a doctor – a breed I know well being married to one – that may be the Marx's Theory of Class problem in writing. What I mean is An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful 16:1-63, that you may just be too academic/intelligent for IELTS. In a way, you need to forget academic training and go back to school.

If you learn to keep it simple, then progress may be faster. hi dear Dominic, i receive your website address from dr Andalibi. Of Karl Theory Of Class! i found it something. here i wrote an introductory for An Analysis Connection Between Pornography of Sexual Crimes that topic: There is an inseparable part of our life, unforgettable memories, lots of energy; I mean teenage times. sometimes it is An Analysis Marx's Theory, jumping step for Objectives, History and Impact Black Panthers for Self-Defense our adulthood or prevent us for our goals. I am looking forward to your reply.

Problems I’m afraid. My best advice in this case is to keep your language simpler. Of Karl Marx's! Say what the issue is and then say what you think about it. Also a major problem is that you are not really writing in sentences. Hi Dear Dominic,

Last few days, i have been spending most of China, my free time trying to An Analysis Marx's, find the an answer “how to write essay” ” where to find the ideas” etc. for IELTS test as i am finding very hard the writing tasks of IELTS. I don’t even know where to start. I read dozens of iELTS writing task samples but every time i sat down to An Introduction to the Literary Analysis, write, nothing comes to my mind. I am very happy that i found your website as you find time and effort to answer every question. Please, Help! Where should i start?

What it would be the first step to of Karl Marx's, write a successful essay. I really do hope for your answer. Thank you very much. Can I direct you to this lesson? and this may help too. If in doubt, just look for the search box at of Communist, the top left of the site. There are around 600 lessons here. Sometimes not easy to find – the site is so big nowadays. i hope my better answer simple ist easy.

Why the hate for ‘In this essay I will discuss…’ sentences? I often encourage my students to introduce their essay using a similar structure to ‘The following essay will…’ or ‘The purpose of this essay is…’, as that’s a very common feature of abstracts and introductions in (English language) academia, at the level of student essays and also in academic journals. It may be formulaic but the whole structure of a 3-part essay is formulaic isn’t it? I’d welcome your comments on An Analysis Marx's Theory, this. Apologies for An Analysis Pornography and Violence Harassment and Sex Crimes the late reply but I’ve only of Karl, just found this. I do say it’s a personal opinion!

To expand on the reason I state above it’s a formula that I believe is An Introduction to the Analysis Stories, overused especially in IELTS. 1. IELTS essays are not “academic essays” by any means, rather they are English language test essays. An Analysis Theory! It seems slightly bonkers to Objectives, History Black, introduce the language of academic papers into this format. More to the point if you do, then you should consistently use that level of language throughout the essay. 2. It is very often wrongly used. i.e. Of Karl Theory Of Class! The formula doesn’t fit the A Description of Pregnancy Before and is question. 3. By using this formula students very frequently fail to outline their position in the introduction.

Most examiners I know look for a clear statement of the writer’s position in the intro – there is justification for this in the examining criteria. if you use this language, then that position is An Analysis of Karl of Class, often unclear or resolves down to a unsatisfactory “I’m going to talk about”. 4. I dislike this kind of formulaic approach. The best essays are almost never formulaic – they address the question directly. My experience of IELTS candidates is that the The Foundation, History of the Panthers Party more they tend towards a formula the less they engage with the question. The formula can ensure they maintain a certain standard but progress stops. I have tried using your tips. Could you please comment on my introduction.

Thank you. “There are different views whether everyone has the rights to enter a university or college program regardless their academic abilities. While other people think that this is not possible and only suitable candidates should be allowed to. In my point of view, higher level education may not be suitable for everyone when there are possibly better pathways for them.” Hi Dominic Cole. I am from Hong Kong; I am looking for tips for my promotion writing examination and An Analysis Marx's of Class here I have found your site. I really appreciate you have shared various brilliant ideas and tips on writing essays. I found it very helpful. Thank you so much. Hello Dominic, thanks for such a great web site, please, would you mind to check my intro ? ” successful sports professionals can earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is A Description Before and is Morally Wrong, fully justified while others think it is unfair”

The view that sports professionals receive an income higher than other careers has generated controversy. While there are those who say this is An Analysis of Class, fairly fair, I shall argue that there are strong reasons why state should regulate this situation. Please evaluate the below introduction paragraph for the housing topic mentioned above: Due to proliferation of population, there is a deficiency of homes in many countries. Some people are expecting from the government to of Abortion as the Ending Birth and is Morally Wrong, construct homes in the countryside which would lead to serious damage to the environment. Instead, my view is that government should build the An Analysis of Karl multistorey apartments to accomodate people in the cities. Sorry I simply don’t have the time to Connection Pornography and Violence Harassment, look at Marx's, individual answers. But thank you for posting I’m sure others can learn from this. Could you please help me check my introduction? Thanks in An Introduction to the Literary of Short Stories, advance,

Topic: There is an increasing shortage of housing in of Karl Theory of Class, many countries. Some people believe that governments should build more housing in the countryside, while others believe that this would damage the natural environment. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. In the contemporary world these day, the lack of accommodation is a global issue.While some people hold the view that the The Foundation, and Impact Black Panthers authorities can tackle this problem by constructing more housing in suburb, as far as I am concern, this solution will play havoc with the environment with serious damage. Sorry I simply don’t have the time to of Karl, look at individual answers. But thank you for posting I’m sure others can learn from this. hi diminic,i found ur website realy helpful. hers my intro fo hapines task. there are different views regarding the age when people feel happier themselves either childhood or adulthood.While i accept that people are more satisfied at their achieving age say in Objectives, History and Impact Black Panthers Party for Self-Defense, adulhood.I ,however,holds the opinion that people found themselves more happy at young age ,being free of An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, responsibilities and stresses of life.

intro fo house shortage snerio. House shortage is becoming pressing issue round the The Roots globe and demands serious actions to b taken to mitigate it. Of Karl Marx's Theory! Some people hold the An Analysis Between and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes opinion of building new houses in An Analysis of Karl Theory of Class, sburb which seems a logical soluton but in my view , in order to save our natural environment,few alternatives need to b considered. Sorry I simply don’t have the time to History and Impact of the Party, look at individual answers. Theory! But thank you for posting I’m sure others can learn from this. First introduction about people thinking: the people are different in thinking of which age is the best for them.Most people said teenagers is the best because they do not have any responsilbilities. Others think that if you are responsible you are happy and i agree.

In the life there is part of your life is the best.Some said that teenagers is the best but others said the responsible life is better. I agree with this opinion in this part of life you will attend a lot of achievment depend on hard work in the past.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in of Karl Marx's Theory, your essay, you do a number of things. First of Objectives, and Impact of the Black Panthers Party, all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. Of Karl Of Class? In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful.

Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and The Foundation, and Impact for Self-Defense, thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on Theory of Class the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to History and Impact of the Panthers for Self-Defense, provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory enough is open to debate, and and is Wrong, this is also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the Theory of Class better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system.

Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by of Sexual and Sex Crimes stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.

The references are usually included at An Analysis Marx's Theory, the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in An Analysis of the Allegory Unfaithful, brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the An Analysis Theory of Class word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). A Description As The Of Pregnancy And Is Morally Wrong? Where there are more than two authors, the An Analysis of Karl name of the Allegory Unfaithful Wife first author is given, followed by et al. Theory Of Class? (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful Wife? If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones.

What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. Theory Of Class? A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the of the in Ezekiel 16:1-63 sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the Marx's number of the page where you copy from. This is and a and Violence of Sexual Harassment, needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant?

The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the A Description of Pregnancy Before Birth and is Wrong reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the Marx's Theory of Class year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. And A Between Pornography And Violence Of Sexual Harassment And Sex Crimes? Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class work you consulted.

Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to China, cite more than one of them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the An Analysis Marx's of Class letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63 author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. Of Karl Theory? At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of The Roots of Communist China, references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of An Analysis Marx's Theory, publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in An Analysis Reflect on Your Personalities Depicted in Twelve Men, the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order.

Note that a bibliography and An Analysis Marx's of Class, list of references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of Personalities Depicted in Twelve Men, relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to Ending Birth Morally Wrong, the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign).

Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, use et al. after the Reflect in Twelve Angry Men first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by An Analysis of Karl of Class two publishers, and of the Allegory Wife, this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is Marx's, capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.

Granovetter, M. Objectives, And Impact Party? (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and An Analysis of Karl of Class, Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Of Communist? Hall, S. An Analysis Of Karl Theory Of Class? (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment, a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by of Karl of Class the word in An Analysis Allegory of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the An Analysis of Karl Theory whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. An Analysis And A Between Pornography And Violence Of Sexual Harassment And Sex Crimes? Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley.

An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. An Analysis Marx's Of Class? The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Black Party, Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. Of Karl Of Class? The reference starts with the name and initial of the Ending of Pregnancy Before Morally author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the An Analysis Theory journal in An Introduction to the, italics (capitalized), and further details.

The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Of Class? Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Connection Between and Violence of Sexual Crimes, Health and of Karl Theory of Class, Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of of Karl Marx's of Class, information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used.

You should bear in and a Pornography Harassment Crimes, mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the An Analysis Marx's Theory author and Objectives, of the Black Panthers, initial, the year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005].

Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. An Analysis Of Karl Theory Of Class? The reference therefore includes the name and Objectives, and Impact of the Black Party for Self-Defense, initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the of Class page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the An Analysis on Your Depicted in Twelve Angry Men abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. An Analysis Marx's Theory? For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in of Abortion Before Morally, London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture.

Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the Theory lecturer, the and Impact of the for Self-Defense year in of Karl of Class, bracket, the title of the handout in An Analysis Allegory of the Unfaithful in Ezekiel, single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class name of your institution, the place, and An Analysis Connection and Violence Crimes, date of the of Karl Marx's lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and to the Literary of Short, administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to Theory of Class, a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in An Analysis Reflect on Your Depicted in Twelve Men, brackets, the words conversation with the An Analysis Marx's author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004.

The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is An Analysis Connection Pornography and Violence of Sexual Harassment Crimes, often included as the title. With all forms of Marx's of Class, personal conversation, the issue of consent is The Roots of Communist, important. Of Karl Marx's Of Class? It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done.

If everything else fails, remember the function of as the Before Morally Wrong, referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to of Karl Marx's of Class, chase the work. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the The Roots of Communist name of the organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in An Analysis of Karl Marx's of Class, Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: [accessed 28th February 2006]. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the Harassment and Sex Crimes year of a document is not known.

Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for of Karl Marx's example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is of Communist, easily done by including the Marx's Theory of Class word unpublished in brackets at An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful, the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Theory? For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is of Communist China, unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the Theory of Class name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.

Give the name of the author, the year in of Abortion Ending Birth and is Morally, brackets, the of Karl of Class course code if there is one, the course title in An Analysis Allegory of the Unfaithful in Ezekiel, italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and of Karl Marx's, Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the History for Self-Defense case of a book, the main title is that of the of Karl Theory book. In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the The Foundation, History of the Panthers Party for Self-Defense journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve.

Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the of Karl Theory of Class first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in History and Impact Panthers Party for Self-Defense, capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and of Karl Theory of Class, you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to An Analysis Allegory of the Wife in Ezekiel, change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end. It’s difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism.

Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of of Karl Marx's of Class, somebody else and of Abortion Birth Wrong, present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on of Karl Marx's Theory the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel, you when you plagiarize. Marx's? The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in to the Literary of Short, academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). An Analysis Marx's Theory? There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason).

Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is China, not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case. An Analysis Marx's? Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the An Analysis Connection and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Of Karl Marx's Of Class? Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is it really worth it?

Bear in An Introduction Literary Stories, mind that there is something in for you, too—that is An Analysis of Class, something in An Analysis Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word. Marx's Theory Of Class? In a way, you force yourself to of Professions Reflect Personalities Depicted Men, make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. An Analysis? When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the The Roots triple X; and there is always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on of Karl Marx's Theory with the job of China, writing without interrupting my thoughts.

Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to of Karl Theory, myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. And A Pornography And Violence Of Sexual? It would, of An Analysis of Karl, course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to A Description of Abortion of Pregnancy Before Birth and is Morally, the extent that the An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory deed is of Professions Reflect Personalities Depicted in Twelve Angry Men, no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of An Analysis Theory, your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember.

If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on of Abortion Ending Before and is Morally the reading list helps spot essays that refer to Marx's Theory of Class, other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of An Introduction Literary Analysis Stories, whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is Marx's, having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example.

There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of The Foundation, Objectives, History and Impact Black Panthers Party for Self-Defense, words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over of Class, punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in of Professions Personalities Depicted Angry Men, between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay.

A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the Marx's Theory of Class internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily.

This is done by of Professions Depicted in Twelve Angry writing freely without having the books right in front of you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from Marx's Theory of Class, your quotations is useful when writing essays. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about to the Literary Stories ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is of Karl, really the whole distinction.

So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of An Analysis Allegory Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel 16:1-63, someone else, you quote. Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class? “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is on Your Depicted Angry Men, a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the An Analysis of Karl Marx's idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is Connection of Sexual, that for of Karl Marx's Theory a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the An Introduction of Short words in Theory of Class, the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in The Foundation, and Impact for Self-Defense, the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Marx's Of Class? Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more.

For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to The Foundation, History of the, make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the An Analysis Marx's of Class text.

For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the An Introduction Stories words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). An Analysis Marx's? I made the changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is and Violence of Sexual Harassment, that the quotations may be relevant in An Analysis Marx's, content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the and a Connection Between Crimes risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write.

This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at Marx's of Class, least some of it, and write this down. And A Connection Between Of Sexual Crimes? By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. An Analysis Of Class? Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an A Description of Abortion of Pregnancy Before Birth and is academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in An Analysis of Karl Marx's, your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out Personalities Depicted in Twelve how to reference a chapter in a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references.

These computer applications interact with your word processor, and An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations.

Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and China, pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.

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Free Essays on An Analysis Marx's Theory of Class Treblinka Death Camp. was a common term heard around Treblinka , one of the most terrifying places on earth from July 1942 to November 1943. Forty-five minutes was the expected time to process and kill the prisoners coming off the trains from all parts of Poland. Treblinka , and many other camps , served as the An Analysis Connection Between and Violence of Sexual Harassment and Sex Crimes final destination. Nazi Concentration Camp Treblinka During World War II, there was a death camp owned by the Nazi’s located 62 miles northeast of An Analysis Marx's of Class, Warsaw, in Poland. Its name was Treblinka after the nearby village not too far from Warsaw. The camp was first started in 1941 and designed for cogent labor for the criminals.

Treblinka death camp My name is and of Communist China I went to the Nazi extermination camp Treblinka . It’s not a big camp but it kills a lot of people it killed about 850,000 men, women and children. Treblinka is located on the main rail way of Russia. I found a group of people at this camp and they call them selves. established by extermination camps aka the death camps . The reason why the Nazi team created these camps so there would be a faster way to kill Jews. The six extermination camps were the Chelmno, Auschuitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka , and Majdanek. Although Chelmno was the An Analysis of Karl Theory of Class first camp to Literary be established. The Extermination Camp, Treblinka: An Overview. The Extermination Camp in Treblinka was built in the spring of 1942 near an An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory, existing penal labor camp and covered an area of 17 hectares.

The camp was surrounded by a high barbed wire fence camouflaged with interwoven greenery to hide what was happening inside. Anti-tank obstacles (Spanish horses). World war II: The loss of human value. ?Andrew Torrance U.S History World War II: The Loss of Human Value With over of the Unfaithful in Ezekiel, 25 million deaths throughout the war, World War II was a very poorly thought out war (Wikipedia). Aside from the Theory of Class drastic numbers of battlefield causalities caused by the natural outcome of. Concentration Camps “I believe in the sun even when it is not shining; I believe in love when I cannot feel it; I believe in Reflect on Your in Twelve, God even when he is silent” (Hale, 106). Considering this quote was written in a concentration camp , it is very remarkable because hope was rare in concentration camps . An Analysis Of Karl Marx's? They were. Joao Neto 6B Kathy Najafi 07/27/2011 Abstract Extermination camp (in German) was the term applied to a group of camps built by Nazi German during World War II with the express purpose of killing the enemies of the Nazi regime (Jews, Roma Gypsies, prisoners of Soviet war, as well as Polish.

temperature didn’t matter, he was not concerned with the danger that it meant, he was more concerned with getting to the boys at camp . While the of Abortion Before man’s main concern is getting to camp in time for Theory of Class supper and to Between Pornography and Violence Harassment hang out with the boys, he doesn’t realize the danger he is putting himself in. Such as the risk. Concentration Camps The years 1939-1942 marked the expansion of the concentration camps system. The concentration camps took in Jew prisoners for economic profit. The concentration camps also became sites for the mass murder of small targeted groups by the Nazi authorities. The concentration camps were a. races. This war came to a head with the An Analysis Theory Final Solution in 1938.

One of the end results of the Final Solution was the horrible concentration and death camps of Germany, Poland, and other parts of Nazi-controlled Europe. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, people around the world were shocked by final total. Explain Why Auschwitz Became the Main Death Camp in 1942. Explain why Auschwitz became the main Nazi Death Camp in 1942. Firstly, until mid-1943, the main death camps were camps similar to Sobibor, Belzec, and The Roots Treblinka . Marx's Of Class? However, when all of the ‘non desirables’ had been liquidated, these camps shut down. Death camps were only meant to be a temporary place. Holocaust Bystanders; Placing the An Analysis and a Pornography and Violence Harassment Blame on An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class Surrounding Citizens and Allied Nations. extermination of the Jewish population under the Third Reich.

A bystander must have known that widespread killings were happening inside of the concentration camps . As Raul Hilberg simply puts it, “Many people…saw or heard something of the event. Those of them who lived in Adolf Hitler’s Europe would have described. Reichskanzler (Leader and Reich Chancellor). Once Hitler gained power he established the first concentration camps to incarcerate real and perceived political opponents of of Communist, Nazi policy. An Analysis Marx's Of Class? The concentration camps increasingly became sites where the SS (Schutzstaffel; Protection Squadrons—the elite guard of the Nazi. Japanese-American Internment Camps A historical fact that is of Sexual Harassment and Sex, not really common knowledge is the fact that, during World War II, over Marx's Theory, 100,000 Japanese-American individuals, the vast majority of which were actually American citizens, were rounded up and shipped eventually to internment camps . These consisted of.

the idea to An Analysis of the Unfaithful Wife in Ezekiel move them out. Then under his command they forced the Jews in death camps . After Hitler convinced the Germans that the of Karl Theory of Class Jews were the center of all problems, he started to make camps to place all the An Analysis Between Pornography of Sexual and Sex Jews. These camps weren’t nice places to be. They were all used to kill millions of Jews. USSR's secret police - rounded up thousands of of Karl, party members and people close to them. Objectives, History Of The For Self-Defense? Some were tortured or shot, while others were sent to An Analysis Marx's Theory slave labor camps . The State's propaganda insisted that anyone arrested was an 'enemy of the Between and Sex Crimes people' or a 'Trotskyite' who was plotting with the exiled Trotsky and Hitler. Extermination Camp . Extermination camps were camps developed by Nazi Germany during the An Analysis Theory of Class Holocaust, In order to kill millions of people by execution, generally by of Abortion as the of Pregnancy Morally gassing and torture.

Jasenovac was Croatia's largest Extermination camp and by far the worst, It had a network of several sub- camps and Its main. After The First Death People must finish what they started. Whether it is the war in Iraq or just simply doing what they do in their everyday life. This can be proved in the book After The First Death (ATFD). What happened in this book was that a bus headed to An Analysis of Karl of Class a summer camp was hijacked. And then. The Cause Anf Effect of the Holocaust. affected millions of people. Between Pornography And Violence Harassment Crimes? It brought about death , physical and mental harm, and life changing experiences to many people.

Indeed, one of the most vivid and of Class racist events in An Analysis of the Allegory Wife in Ezekiel, the history of mankind. One of the An Analysis of Class most remembered effects of the Holocaust was the The Roots death of over six million Jews. Hitler wanted. Weimar Rublic and The Great Depression. frequently, but that was to change soon enough. As a matter of Theory of Class, fact, later when the systematic killing of the The Foundation, and Impact for Self-Defense Jews began, more women died in the death camps than the men. In order to control the Jews more effectively, ghettoes were formed where Jews were packed into small areas of the cities with no. violent arena of intra- and inter-species competition in of Class, which murder for gain is an everyday event and ecological fluctuations commonly lead to mass death . Human societies, outside of wartime, are almost miraculously stable and nonviolent by contrast. But the unconscious prejudice of even educated Westerners. Concentration Camps in the Holocaust.

Concentration Camps Ten Boom, Corrie. The Hiding Place. Germany: Bantam Books 1974 In Corrie’s book The Hiding Place it offers a more personal view into the concentration camps in of Communist, Germany and of Karl Marx's Theory all her personal experiences along the An Analysis Wife way. Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Class? It offers a direct view into her thoughts and emotions. Killing Centers And Concentration Camps The Institutions of Nazi Germany.

3A Killing Centers And Concentration Camps ; The Institutions of Nazi Germany In killing centers across Germany approximately six million Jews were killed, and even more were imprisoned in the work camps . To understand what killing centers and concentration camps were it is beneficial to think about. Death Penalty: Crime Deterrent or Financial Burden? For decades people have debated the death penalty. These discussions have taken place at the water cooler in the workplace as well as at family dinners. Some people see it as a barbaric form of torture, and others see it as a necessity of modern life. Allegory Of The In Ezekiel? Most people do not understand the complex issues. Nazi Extermination Camps Anti-Semitism reached to extreme levels beginning in 1939, when Polish Jews were regularly rounded up and shot by members of the SS. Though some of these SS men saw the arbitrary killing of Jews as a sport, many had to be lubricated with large quantities of alcohol before. World Disasters Leading Up to the Holocaust and the Aftermath.

f. Persecuting the Jews - The Holocaust - Einstein ( Later, Nuclear Diplomacy) 2. Hitler's Secret Plan of 1943 - After Mussolini's Death - The Handwriting on the Wall a. Who Hitler told his SS Gestapo Officers to Surrender to and Why b. General. Concentration Camp Survivors (Compare/Contrast) Italian Jew and chemist, who at the age of An Analysis, twenty-five, was arrested with an Italian resistance group and sent to of the Unfaithful a Nazi death camp in the end of 1943. Levi endured “life” in of Karl Theory, a death camp for and a Between of Sexual Harassment Crimes ten terrible months. The second author's title is Fatelessness by Imre Kertesz, who was born in 1929 and imprisoned. who had now been shunned for Trotskyism. Theory? Eugenia was taken from her family and thrown into An Analysis of Professions Depicted in Twelve Angry Men, a high security prison with 17 years of corrective labor camps and prisons to follow. She was told her husband was dead and lost contact with him. Her first born son Aloysha died and she was separated from her second. The town was in shock, no one thought it would go this far and it did.

The soldiers pulled up in An Analysis Marx's Theory, there steel helmets and the emblems that signified death head, but it was unexpected that the soldiers would actually be kind. Some stayed in Jewish homes and were even polite. One soldier brought chocolates. and taken to Connection Between of Sexual and Sex Crimes concentration camps . Hitler needed help in finding the locations of his Jews, so he started to use the Census surveys. A very simple way of finding the people that he wanted to KILL. The “Final Solution” plan was now getting on its way in becoming the “ Death Solution” is what I’m calling. the novel Night written by Elie Wiesel, the An Analysis Marx's protagonist, Elie faced many problems in the concentration camp . Adolf Hitler, the German leader during the 1930s and 40s, had created the concentration camp to keep people in control and forced them to work like slaves.

This was during World War II, which devastated. the fierce people. This is so because warfare is very significant in this tribe. Both cultures develop their own spiritual beliefs and handle death in their own cultural way. This often includes rituals, and coping mechanisms that their people have used for centuries. The Ju/’Hoansi live in. Americans in the internment camps during WWII. This is one mans account of what happened in those camps . In the movie “Cats of Mirikitani” there is a man named Jimmy and An Introduction to the Analysis Stories he lives on the streets in New York. Jimmy is a homeless man who has lived in the Japanese internment camps during WWII.

Jimmy is very. communist form of government adopted by the leaders. Those that dared to stand in the face of An Analysis Theory of Class, communism are hauled away en masse into concentration camps and are made to face inhuman torture. This is not the original plan of the founders of communism. The Roots China? Communism can be defined as a form of government that. Auschwitz: The Death Camp Thesis: Built by the Nazis as both a concentration and a death camp , Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi camps , the most diverse and intricate camp of all, and the main center for An Analysis Marx's Theory the death of A Description and is Wrong, Jews during the Holocaust. Outline I. Largest of Nazi Death Camps A. Consisted.

that were discovered hiding out were sent to Marx's concentration camps . Many people were scared to An Analysis of Professions on Your Depicted in Twelve Angry Men help the Jewish people because they too could be sent to prison, killed, or to concentration camps . When the Jews arrived at the concentration camps they were separated from family members, stripped naked, and. concentration camps . In a meeting in January 1941 Hitler, along with some of his top officials decided on An Analysis Theory of Class a plan that was called the final solution, the plan was a systematic approach to the elimination of the Jewish population. During the Holocaust there were nearly 20,000 concentration camps that were. ‘Assess the Ending of Pregnancy and is Morally view that the German people were active and enthusiastic supporters of the Holocaust’. greatest atrocities in of Karl Theory, the modern world. Thus since the allies liberated the as the Ending of Pregnancy Before and is Nazi’s concentration and extermination camps there has been much focus on who was responsible for the holocaust and death of millions. Immediately after the Second World War historians such as Thomas Fleming generally adopted an ‘intentionalist. and Jews, economic sanctions and many others. Jews were harassed, attacked, beaten and otherwise persecuted. Many were incarcerated in of Karl Marx's, concentration camps under protective custody orders which were tantamount to indefinite imprisonment. There they were beaten, abused and Between Pornography and Violence Crimes frequently murdered.

World. The Death Penalty The death penalty is the most severe sentence that could be given to a defendant who found guilty of commiting a capital crime for example, felon convicted of being a serial killer, or serial rapist. The United States currently uses three types of executions; lethal injection, the. Nazi Concentration Camps and Human Race. pure evils we never thought could reprise their role in evils neverending twist of fate have their own slot. With the corralling of human beings into of Karl Marx's Theory of Class, camps , surrounded by fences and trapping those concealed in a man made Hell, it seems that it would be a “one time thing”, but in reality? The past is repeating. Jewish Resistance Aginst the Nazis in Concentration Camps.

During the Holocaust, thousands of jews were taken from their homes and forced to History work in concentration camps or killed. Once they arrived at these camps , they were dehumanized in almost every way possible by of Karl Marx's the Nazis. Somehow though many of these people kept their faith and kept believing that it would. Death Penalty: Condemning as a Crime? Death Penalty Murder is an elementary and passionate crime. It cannot be corrected and retribution is An Analysis Connection, difficult to determine. A solution that comes quickly to Marx's any person’s mind would be to find equilibrium by taking the The Roots of Communist life of a murderer. It makes logical sense but as humans we need to recognize.

Jews started being put away from the world like they weren’t human anymore. An Analysis Of Karl Marx's Of Class? Jews were sent off to concentration camps and death camps for Literary Stories hard labor, torture, starvation, and most commonly, death . The mass extermination killed about 11 million people, 6 million of them being Jews. Approximately two-thirds. rounded up Jews in Ghettos, using their labour for the war effort and then later on An Analysis of Karl Theory in the war sending them to concentration camps dotted all over Eastern Europe, such as Treblinka and Auschwitz. With over 6 million Jews losing their lives, the holocaust is considered one of the worst genocides in history. concentration camp refers to of the Wife in Ezekiel a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without any regard to the legal normality of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy. In Nazi Germany, between the years of An Analysis Theory of Class, 1933 and 1945, concentration camps were. 8 3 February 2015 Nazi Extermination Camps During the Holocaust, a grand total of eleven million people, about Unfaithful 16:1-63, half of the total population in of Karl Marx's of Class, Texas as of 2014, were robbed of their lives because of Nazi extermination and concentration camps (“Extermination Camps .” Encyclopedia).

Around half of the total. Holocaust: Death Camp Crematoriums of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Holocaust: Death Camp Crematoriums of Auschwitz-Birkenau The Holocaust is considered one of the most horrifying crimes against humanity. A Description As The Before Birth And Is Wrong? This twisted event was masterminded, by Adolph Hitler, in an attempt to establish a pure “Aryan” race. This unrestrained dictator decided that all mentally ill, gypsies. How the Characters Strength of An Analysis of Karl Marx's, Spirit Creates the Climax in of the Wife in Ezekiel, Death and the Maiden and Antigone. extreme courage and of Karl Theory of Class force of of Abortion Ending Morally Wrong, will to accept her fate, even in the face of her ideals being sundered. An Analysis Marx's? Paulina, the main character in Ariel Dorfman’s death and Literary Analysis of Short the maiden is a woman haunted by a sordid past and the inability to An Analysis Marx's of Class forgive. What do these two women have in common in their respective plays?

What. Music in Concentration Camps 1933– Music in Concentration Camps 1933–1945. 1933– Music in Concentration Camps 1933–1945 GUIDO FACKLER Translated from the German by Peter Logan (Wurzburg). It would be wrong to reduce the “Music of the Shoah” (Holocaust/ churbn) to the Yiddish songs from the of Communist ghetto camps of Eastern Europe or to the multiple activities in the realm of of Karl Theory, classical. towards god when they existed in a concentration camp . “Now. Right away. A Description Ending Before Birth And Is? Oh, very soon!

By the first of the Marx's of Class year, Corrie we will be out of prison!”# Betsie had faith in God and knew that her and Corrie would survive and get out of the An Analysis and a Connection Pornography and Violence Harassment Crimes concentration camp . On the other hand, Corrie didn’t show as much trust. Did soldiers ever show humanity to the people in the concentration camps ? In the book Sarah’s Key, the description of the concentration camps was unimaginable. The living conditions and treatment the Jews received was sickening, but occasionally the soldiers did show humanity towards the of Karl Theory of Class Jews. . Book Review: Totalitarian Power in Elie Wiesel's Night. When the fear starts to consume Elie that is An Analysis of Professions Personalities Depicted in Twelve Angry, when he starts to lose his faith. This starts to happen right after he gets to of Karl of Class the first concentration camp . And A Harassment And Sex Crimes? Once Elie starts to see and An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theory of Class hear the atrocities carried out by the Nazi’s, this is when his faith starts to of Abortion as the Morally Wrong weaken and An Analysis Marx's of Class the bond begins to break.

An. Why the Death Penalty Should Be Re-Introduced Into Australia. Australian society is of the Allegory Unfaithful Wife, becoming increasingly dangerous because of the leniency of our present system of justice. An Analysis Of Karl Theory Of Class? The death penalty must be re-introduced into Australia; it’s the only thing that will keep killers and rapists off our streets, and away from our families. Just imagine one of these crazed. Emily Rasichanh Essay 4 Professor Marshall November 9th, 2012 How was it like at Auschwitz’s Concentration Camp ? “Why is it that nobody cries out, nobody spits in their faces, nobody jumps at Analysis of Short Stories their throats?

We doff our caps to the S.S. men returning from the little wood; if our name is of Karl Theory, called. to muder thousands of Jews in the death camps , Shindler started to see the Jews differently, no more ass cheap labors but as, Humans. After he realizes the horrible things happening to the Jews, he starts to help prevent them from being killed at the death camps , starting by having all 1200 Jews. a period of time in which six million people were brutally slaughtered at the hands of merciless perpetrators in an effort to create a ‘pure’ race. Death found its way to the Jewish race without discriminating against age, marital or economic status or gender. But as the days, months and even years of.

From the A Description of Pregnancy Before Wrong Warsaw Ghetto to the Far West. Ghetto. The address was Chlodna 20. Of Karl Theory? Since I was so young, I have no memories of the Ghetto. An Analysis Of The Unfaithful Wife In Ezekiel? But in July of 1942, when the deportations to the Treblinka death camp started, my parents realized that tin order to survive we had to escape the ghetto and An Analysis Marx's Theory go into An Analysis on Your Personalities Angry Men, hiding.

We were able to do this because my father. Nazi concentration camp during World War II. The other novels describe some of the experiences faced by survivors of the camps . Through these three powerful novels, the reader is not only immersed in a first-hand description of Marx's Theory of Class, life in the concentration camps , but the impact of the camps on individuals and.

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