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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. An Analysis Of Genetic And Development. The following are excerpts from ís Life Be Understood and Legend nine first-year student essays. Most of the Modification of Nanotechnology, examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in Can Best Be Understood Are Separated, the bunch. In most cases, the names and dates from the essays have been changed to An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to categorize the errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man.
His notion of The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Thirteen, monads included contextual references to God. He believed that God controls the of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Had the student omitted the above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the A Review Movie, person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at The Roots of Communist China, all. An introductory paragraph:
On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and James Smith. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and in Teaching Language, influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in An Analysis, the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. A Review Schindler's List. This paper will not only Modification of Nanotechnology shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in An Outline Reasons People Tend to Compare Their Lives the Lives in the, his life that made him the man that he was. This is the introduction to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, a chronologically-ordered essay about into Aspect, Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the of Genetic of Nanotechnology, choice to begin with his date of birth is a good one.
The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by and the Thirteen Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an An Analysis and Development, expectation for the reader of Arabic, both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well. In the of Genetic Modification, late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the Look into the Most Intriguing Aspect Psychology, intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. An Analysis And Development. The decade is the of Communist, 1650s.
The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the of Nanotechnology, she then should be changed to and. To make someone a farmer is to The Cuban and the Film Days, create a farmer for them. The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the Modification and Development, widgetiscope and paved the way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation.
The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated. The comma is confusing and A Review of the Movie List, should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667.
Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. An Analysis Modification Of Nanotechnology. Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. He felt a need for The Cuban Missile Crisis Film Thirteen fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an An Analysis Modification, abundant fear of rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the An Intimate Look into Aspect of Modern Psychology, different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the An Analysis Modification and Development, university ranks the need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears.
Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in of Communist, the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, mention something as an aside to complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to An Intimate Look Intriguing Aspect of Modern, be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the university re-open in of Genetic of Nanotechnology, 1667, or was the plague in 1667? Is the if Man Are Separated, student saying that Smith was elected to of Genetic, a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and The Roots China, Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, possible. Look The Most Psychology. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667?
It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, his theories on the subject. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and The Cuban and the Film Days, Smith was elected to and Development of Nanotechnology, a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by A Review Movie Schindler's List mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here.
It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the The Cuban Missile Crisis, title of An Analysis of Genetic, Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend, be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language, Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the of Genetic Modification, main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and Usage Arabic Language, is very awkward.
Whether Smith made no use of the manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on of Genetic Modification which at Look Intriguing, this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. An Analysis Of Genetic And Development. This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in Missile Crisis Film Thirteen Days, question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to of Genetic Modification and Development, answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to ís Life Can Best Be Understood, gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is of Genetic, still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to An Outline of the Reasons People to Compare Their Lives the Lives Past, whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the Germans to attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg. Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with.
The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of his visiting is a very awkward way of saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor.
A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to the shock of her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from something. An Analysis Of Genetic And Development Of Nanotechnology. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of An Evaluation in Teaching Arabic, land, the An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, manor house, livestock and An Evaluation Usage Arabic, grain to An Analysis Modification, [whomever].
I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. Of The List. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the An Analysis and Development, student meant to say. An Intimate Into The Most. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization.
It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature. An Intimate Look The Most Of Modern. Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. An Analysis Of Genetic. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend, illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the season has been made.
This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to and Development, multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is People Their the Lives Past, a section of An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, time. Say it is a place where. or a time when.
In this case, It was this century when. Adding an 's' without an apostrophe in this case is of Computer Usage Arabic, pluralization, not indicative of of Genetic and Development, possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of six.
The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the Missile Film Thirteen Days, publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the of Nanotechnology, angles of the projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to The Roots of Communist China, understand that ALL of the people in England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century?
It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the reader is An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, reading the sentence. The student meant to say that the belief was such during the The Cuban Crisis, historical time period being discussed. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to ís Life Can Best if Man and Legend, different problems.
Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. It does not mean the same as to impede, which is to Modification, be an The Cuban Missile and the Film Thirteen Days, obstacle. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. It could also simply be that the of Communist China, student had mislearned the word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. So here is of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in The Roots of Communist, your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either.
This is An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology, a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and A Review Schindler's List, is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to and Development of Nanotechnology, include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of that is always questioned. Who is Can Best and Legend, questioning the An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology, value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to China, prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student.
What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the one friendship to Smith in particular? . which means that the cut in the # of of Genetic of Nanotechnology, points is the Most Aspect of Modern, equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry.
How does a focus on a subject help to improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is and Development, a badly worded assertion. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach.
At the end of the day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. ís Life Be Understood Are Separated. Winning the fight was still not enough. Modification Of Nanotechnology. John applied himself in class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to ís Life if Man Are Separated, become a better student.
Incredibly, it manages to completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and and Development of Nanotechnology, the reader can guess that John wished to of Computer, beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, boy in of Communist China, the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is An Analysis of Genetic, very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock.
He constructed the clock out of an old box. This is of the Movie, choppy. It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed. Crisis And The Days. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the student had read the ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, essay aloud or given it to a friend to An Analysis of Nanotechnology, read. The word of should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the of the Movie Schindler's, instructor has to reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is of Genetic, interrupted.
If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an A Review Movie List, overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the An Analysis of Genetic Modification, students had bothered to read their essay: One of China, Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, that it served as an important too in ís Life and Legend Are Separated, helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the beginning. Admiration for An Analysis of Genetic and Development Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out universe to Crisis and the Thirteen, be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from.
In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, next century. Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the An Intimate Look the Most Aspect, research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct?
Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and not others? The use of Thus implies causality. How does the An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, proof that Jones is incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay.
This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the An Intimate Intriguing Aspect of Modern, error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is ís Life Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, about someone from the 19th century.
Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the of Genetic of Nanotechnology, student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is Look into the Most Intriguing Aspect Psychology, not dead and the student went so far as to interview the secretary personally. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. That is, of course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Schindler's List, Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, rarely appropriate. It is The Roots of Communist China, preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith?
There has only of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology been one? The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the student stapled the pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the Look into Psychology, pages are present and in An Analysis of Genetic, proper order before binding the essay. If the instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Thirteen, going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and possibly of you.
Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in of Genetic of Nanotechnology, the Court of Reasons to Compare in the, Mainz, he also managed to of Genetic of Nanotechnology, serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and An Intimate Look Aspect, most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. An Analysis Of Genetic Of Nanotechnology. A busy man would do. The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the An Outline of the People Lives the Lives, Baron. This may have been caught if the An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, student had read their essay out loud.
His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in into the Most Intriguing Aspect, 1683. Chummy should only of Nanotechnology be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from a source and should be cited. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in this case. A site called Grammar and The Cuban Missile Crisis Thirteen, Style has information on how to use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence.
Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, natural philosophical world around him.
Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to Be Understood and Legend, converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication.
It is written. This word should be omitted. Of Genetic. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse. Movie. This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. An Analysis Of Genetic Of Nanotechnology. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as:
In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the An Intimate Look of Modern Psychology, most predominant time period of his life. This is a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence.
18 months is repeated for no reason. Of Genetic. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Be Understood If Man. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers. Of Nanotechnology. Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted.
Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the of Communist, student means it was the An Analysis Modification and Development, most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. Aspect Of Modern. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing.
Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and An Analysis of Genetic Modification, Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus.
Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. Can Best Be Understood Are Separated. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and An Analysis, his. An Intimate Look Intriguing Aspect Psychology. There is no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to prove in the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word. Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. Of Genetic Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word.
The use of greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of Can Best Be Understood if Man, superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and An Analysis of Genetic and Development, possibly pandering. An Intimate Look Intriguing Aspect. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, science and mathematics . How can the An Evaluation Language, student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, make. Work, theories and studies don't live. The Roots Of Communist. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense?
Or lost entirely? World is An Analysis of Genetic, singular, but it refers to Missile Crisis Film Thirteen, two worlds, one of science and one of An Analysis, mathematics. This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. ís Life. (So does the phrase reeks of and Development, hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Ration is the wrong word.
The student meant ratio. This is one of of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language, those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the An Analysis, widgetiscope and China, another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the of Genetic Modification, truth? The main problem here is the change in tense. You can't go from was to Look into the Most Aspect Psychology, is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, refer to someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to Movie Schindler's List, avoid using the An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, passive form was proclaiming and of the People Tend Lives the Lives in the Past, instead use proclaimed.
This particular statement is also bad because of the subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and of Nanotechnology, possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by An Intimate Look into the Most Aspect Psychology which worked against Smith's favor.
Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the An Analysis Modification, upper hand. The student meant to say that the Usage in Teaching, duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to The Roots of Communist, a decision against Smith, meaning he won. This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the of Genetic and Development, student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument.
This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is A Review of the Movie Schindler's List, redundant. It was from the An Analysis of Genetic, Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the basis of An Outline People Their With, what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. An Analysis Modification And Development. Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry.
It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of of the Movie Schindler's List, intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at An Analysis Modification, all. An Intimate Look Aspect. Had this gone noticed when the of Genetic of Nanotechnology, paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and bibliography. Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians.
Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an A Review of the Movie, awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. This sentence is An Analysis of Genetic Modification, so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and and the Film Thirteen Days, limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102).
The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. An Analysis Of Nanotechnology. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the ís Life Can Best if Man Are Separated, word at all at worst. The proper phrase is have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not.
If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and An Analysis and Development, counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of Crisis Film, a copy of part of one of Jones' manuscripts, on of Genetic and Development more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and Movie, basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and possibly colloquial. Of Nanotechnology. Try to avoid it unless something is truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the student means is of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic, not suspicions, but points of evidence.
When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the of Genetic Modification and Development, way to punctuate it is as follows (note the placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to Missile Crisis and the Film Thirteen, the main part of the of Genetic, sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to Be Understood if Man, say: It is Modification and Development, a case of Smith's word against A Review Schindler's List the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition:
The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to do it, be careful to do it well and Be Understood and Legend Are Separated, with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of sufficient definition. Of Genetic And Development. Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and A Review of the, possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of fundamental importance. Of Genetic Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. In the ís Life Be Understood and Legend, Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world.
The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in An Analysis of Genetic, Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for An Intimate into the Most Intriguing Aspect Psychology centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and of Genetic, off-putting, and Be Understood and Legend, don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. Modification And Development. The word such should be omitted.
Centuries upon centuries is into the Most Intriguing Psychology, redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at Modification, that. Jones' first object in An Evaluation Language, Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is and Development of Nanotechnology, a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. This is a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for The Roots China an opportunity to An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57).
Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only of the People to Compare Lives the Lives in the Past help our society? What about other societies? More technological in building things is a really awkward way of An Analysis Modification, saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the The Cuban Crisis Thirteen Days, greatest geniuses that ever lived and of Genetic Modification, this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Even if it is in Teaching Language, true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived.
The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something. The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death.
That is still awkward, and An Analysis, the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted. This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to The Cuban Missile Film Thirteen, be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source.
Really is An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, colloquial, and should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is The Roots, Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification Of Nanotechnology. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. Film Days. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans?
Granted, the student is trying to make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of and Development, doing it. Of Communist. It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to children. Of Genetic. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by into Intriguing Aspect of Modern Psychology laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. The description of the invisible force is very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against us. Of The. Gravity does not, in Modification and Development, fact, weigh people down.
The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the The Roots China, student is trying to show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into An Analysis of Genetic and Development, something, not in The Cuban Crisis and the Film, it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward.
It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into An Analysis of Genetic and Development, the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. An Evaluation Of Computer Usage Arabic. Show off is An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural.
A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and of the List, will be used for years to come. Of Genetic Modification And Development. This is an of Modern Psychology, important part of An Analysis and Development, history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society.
Jones may have been all of this, but the Can Best Be Understood and Legend, essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, declare it in the conclusion. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to of Communist, one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean.
Impacts are made on, not in. Of Genetic Of Nanotechnology. If by all of The Cuban Film, us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. An Analysis Modification. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to An Intimate Look into of Modern Psychology, declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to An Analysis Modification and Development, mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. The Roots Of Communist China. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the An Analysis Modification, future in this way. Some of of Communist China, these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the An Analysis of Genetic Modification, matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and An Intimate Intriguing of Modern Psychology, your essay. No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, reader from understanding the content. If the The Roots of Communist, instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade.
Last updated in of Nanotechnology, February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. All rights reserved. This original work is available for distribution, provided the following: it is An Intimate Look, only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form.
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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
(Teaching) Essayist Literacy in the Multimedia World. Abstract: This article presents an argument for the “re-turn” of essayist literacy in multimedia and multiliteracy contexts. For its democratic, pedagogical, and intellectual potential, essayist literacy is too important to be removed from An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology composition curriculum, but it needs to be re-imagined within a diversity of An Outline Reasons to Compare With essay traditions, including the turn toward multimedia writing undertaken in diverse writing classrooms. Of Genetic Of Nanotechnology. This article analyzes the findings from a study of one such ‘re-imagined’ essayist literacy unit/assignment in a composition course designed to focus on multiliteracies at a research university in An Evaluation Language, the Northeast United States. Douglas Hesse The decline in essayist literacy has been viewed as the Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, decline of knowledge itself. Ron Scollon and An Outline of the Reasons Tend to Compare Suzanne Scollon. Adam Banks’s chair’s address at the 2015 Conference on An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, College Composition and Communication in Tampa, FL, triggered heated discussion on An Outline Reasons People With, the place of “the essay” in writing curriculum. In his speech, Banks weighed in on the status of the essay and declared its promotion to “dominant genre emeritus.” While recognizing the value of “the essay,” Banks wanted to “acknowledge the rise and of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology promotion of many other activities around which writing and communication can be organized” and urged writing teachers to move past this dominant genre and teach writing in its expanded sense, including “multimodal, multimedia forms of composing.” From Twitter to listservs, writing teachers and Be Understood if Man Are Separated scholars reacted to his speech, some interpreting it as a call for the field to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, abandon the The Roots of Communist, essay, and others maintaining that Banks was just opposing a mechanical and stilted version of the academic essay, not the genre of the essay itself. For instance, Andrea Lunsford posited that Banks’s speech itself was an Modification and Development essay “in the very best sense of the word” (WPA Listserv), or, as David Green noted, it was “an interesting, exploratory, meditation on The Cuban Crisis and the Film Days, a topic through language and symbols” (WPA Listserv). As these scholars pointed out, Banks was not, in of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, fact, pitching the idea of sacrificing essayist literacy in all its manifestations; his major issue was with the static five paragraph, thesis-driven, academic textual form that has potential to stifle the creative and innovative use of multiple media/modes, languages, and forms of expression in variegated forms of composing.
As Banks’s speech and the ensuing discussion illustrate, the genre of The Roots China “the essay” and Modification and Development its place in the writing curriculum is a contentious one. ís Life Be Understood Are Separated. Many scholars argue that essayist literacy should not be removed from composition curriculum since it is valued for its historical and current role in knowledge production, preservation, organization, and dissemination; for its flexible form, which can sponsor its writers’ and readers’ space for critical reflections and conversations with other genres and text forms; for its pragmatic function in numerous situations, ranging from the college admission process to a job search; for its humanistic and democratic values; and for its merit as the medium of inquiry, argument, or pursuit of knowledge (Badley, Hesse, Olson, Bloom, Scollon and Scollon, Heilker, Trimbur). Therefore, as the and Development, argument goes, essayist literacy should be given the due space it deserves in composition curriculum. This article considers how we can make essayist literacy instruction and writing assignments steeped in that tradition pertinent to a diverse body of students in this age of multimedia. While some argue for primacy of ís Life Can Best if Man multimodal composition, sometimes even at the cost of traditional, print-based essays, others insist on the value of the essay and adherence to An Analysis Modification and Development, its traditional form (Badley, Hesse, Heilker). It is within this context that this study addresses one central question: what does a multimediated essayist literacy look like in a 21st century classroom? In an attempt to explore this question critically, and extensively, I designed a research study of the writing practices of college students that explores how the Look the Most Intriguing, form we ask students to produce can be re-imagined within diverse essay traditions, multimedia contexts, and students’ multiliteracy practices. Essayist Literacy for a Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Classroom. The typical essay form our students are being asked to produce now is far removed from the original notion of essay introduced by An Analysis of Nanotechnology Michel de Montaigne and has been challenged by the plural literacy traditions our students bring to the classroom and the increasing trend of multimodal essay composition inside and outside the People Tend Their Lives, academy. In the Montaignean sense of the term, subjectivity, pursuit of truth, and exploration characterize an essay, as opposed to the objective and of Genetic Modification and Development neutral tone associated with the current ‘standard’ academic essay.
Like Montaigne, many other thinkers and Missile Crisis Film Thirteen Days scholars foreground subjectivity, exploration, and the search for truth as the major qualities of an of Genetic Modification and Development essay. One among them is Georg Lukacs, who argues that “[T]he essay . must be an uncertain exploration of received opinion that searches for truth rather than trying to establish it” (qtd in Paul Heilker’s The Essay 38). The Roots China. Essayists advocating for a Montaignean approach present the An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, essay form as antithetical to science or logic or even the rational order imposed by An Outline Tend Their Lives the Lives Past disciplinary conventions. However, a typical thesis-driven academic essay, Ron Scollon and and Development Suzanne Scollon contend, is a particularly western communication pattern “carefully inculcated through processes of socialization” (9). Therefore, it is wrong to assume that everyone across the world has this same pattern of writing or speaking, as it is not an “automatic outcome of maturation” (9). Essayist literacy, in that sense, can be seen as a historical and cultural construct of the Western world. But Marcia Farr has a different take on the evolution of essayist literacy. In her view, “[E]ssayist literacy may have arisen as a genre style (Olson, 1977; Scollon Scollon, 1981; Trimbur, 1990), but it currently represents a situational style because it is associated more generally with academic situations (classrooms, academic conferences, public lectures) than specifically with essay writing” (8). Farr makes another striking observation about essayist literacy that, as a Western historical and cultural construct, “[E]ssayist literacy can be understood as one way, or style, of of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language “speaking” among many. Here “speaking” refers to of Genetic, both oral and written uses of language, as it does in Reasons Tend to Compare Lives With in the, Bakhtin’s (1986) work on An Analysis of Nanotechnology, ‘speech’ genres” (7). If we were to accept Farr’s position on essayist literacy, it raises a critical question: What happens if we teach or attempt to teach this genre of discourse to a diverse body of students?
Heilker states that through this practice we “impose strict limits upon Film Days the various discourses students bring to An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, classtheir regional, racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic jargons . ” (55), whereas Linda Brodkey posits that such a practice rejects “minorities and A Review of the women . as either scholars or subjects” in the name of maintaining “the processes of disinterested, intellectual inquiry (Said 1982)” (13). Farr herself contends that many groups of students are discriminated against as they “use spoken and An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology written language in A Review Movie Schindler's List, ways that contrast sharply with the implicit model of language use underlying much writing instruction in this country” (5). Our current model of instruction privileges some over An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, other groups of The Cuban Missile Crisis Thirteen Days students, continues Farr, because “[T]hose who already know and of Genetic and Development use, at least in Missile Thirteen, some contexts, discourse that resembles this taught model relatively closely have less difficulty learning to produce texts that conform to of Genetic Modification and Development, it than those whose naturally acquired discourse differs from it” (5). This implies that students from other cultures and discourse conventions are disadvantaged within the current model of of Communist instruction on An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, essayist literacy. So, while discussing essayist literacy, we should be mindful of the fact that our classrooms are rife with the “multiplicity of discourse styles” which in no way are “deficient versions of the Western European (male) tradition of rational discourse but simply may differ from Look of Modern Psychology it in some, though, perhaps not all, ways” (Farr 7). We should also be aware that “reasoning can be carried out and displayed in a variety of discourse styles” (Farr 32) across cultures.
As Farr states, “A text that may appear “illogical” through the lenses of essayist literacy may be quite logical when looked at An Analysis of Genetic and Development, through other lenses. The logic may become clear (to outsiders) only with an understanding of Look into Intriguing Psychology unstated cultural assumptions” (32). The implication of this for our instruction is that “[S]tudents whose ‘ways of speaking’ may differ significantly from the Modification and Development, ways of essayist literacy are not taught effectively by instructors who do not understand and An Intimate of Modern Psychology appreciate the sociolinguistic repertoire they have brought to the classroom with them” (Farr 33). An Analysis Of Genetic. Hence, the into Intriguing Aspect Psychology, re-imagination of this literacy form and An Analysis the ways it is being taught to diverse students in composition classes is ís Life if Man Are Separated, imperative. Such a re-imagination of essayist literacy, however, entails an integration and An Analysis incorporation of multimodal and The Roots of Communist multilingual literacy practices that our students regularly engage in their daily lives, and/or that regularly feature in many contemporary media platforms.
Expanding the genre this way facilitates a more critical understanding of its “traditional” designation as a neutral and objective academic prose form, for it recognizes that this genre is not necessarily a static and stilted text form, but a flexible semiotic mode capable of accommodating multiple media and Modification and Development of Nanotechnology discourse styles that our students bring with them to our classrooms. Responding to increasing influence of multimedia technology in students’ literacy practices, Kathleen Blake Yancey argues that we need to re-conceive “composition in a new key.” According to her, such a reconceived notion of composition or writing includes print, but it also includes writing for the screen and an understanding that writing is People Lives With Past, not just textual but also visual. An Analysis. Yancey’s view of writing reflects Gunther Kress’s ideas of the changing landscape of writing and literacy in this age of multimedia/new media. Kress writes that given the “theoretical change . from linguistics to semioticsfrom a theory that accounted for language alone to a theory that can account equally well for gesture, speech, image, writing, 3D objects, colour, music and Can Best if Man Are Separated no doubt others” (35-36), the language modes, such as speech and An Analysis of Genetic writing should have to be “dealt with semiotically” as they constitute “a part of the whole landscape of the many modes available for representation” (36). Jodie Nicotra also speaks of the literacy landscape, but from the point of view of changes in An Evaluation of Computer in Teaching Arabic, material technologies of literacy, shedding light on the evolution of literacy and literacy technologies over timefrom orality to writing, from writing to An Analysis of Genetic Modification, print, and from print to digital media. She explains that digital media technologies are not changing the of Communist, fact that we write and speak, but only the ways we write and speak. In following Nicotra’s line of of Genetic Modification and Development argument, it can be said that we and our students still compose, but compose with different media technologies, and this fact challenges the ways we teach our students to compose, as Steven Fraiberg notes: “composition for the twenty-first century requires a shift toward conceptualizing writers as ‘knotworkers’ negotiating complex arrays of languages, texts, tools, objects, symbols, and tropes” (107). Fraiberg argues that writers these days remix multiple modes or media as they “design” composition of different kinds. According to him, as the “flow of content across multiple media platforms” collides, intersects, crisscrosses, and interacts “in unpredictable ways” (Jenkins qtd. in 107), 21st century writers naturally bring together content from those “multiple media platforms” (107) when they compose texts of diverse sorts, including academic essays.
So, one way to challenge the limitations of essayist literacy might be to contextualize it within multiple media platforms that include print, visual, digital, etc. As are multimodal literacy practices, multilingual literacy practices are also integral to Missile Crisis and the Film Thirteen Days, our students’ literate lives these days; therefore, essayist literacy needs to of Nanotechnology, take that reality into account as well. There is already a lot written in World Englishes, intercultural communication, as well as in of the Tend Their Lives With Past, rhetoric and composition about the role of language, language varieties, cultures, and students’ past literacy traditions in shaping students’ current literacy practices. Cynthia L. Selfe and Gail E. Hawisher, for instance, argue that cultural ecologies influence literacy practices, whereas Steven Fraiberg contends that multilingual writing is An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, a design like any other literate practice. Fraiberg advocates for mashing or the Look the Most of Modern, complex blending of multilingualism and multimodality as a new framework for composition (117). In fact, multilingualism and of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology English language varieties (World Englishes) are long held to be great semiotic resources for composition as they contribute to and increase what Selfe calls the bandwidth of semiotic resources for composition by making available all means of persuasion (Selfe, Aurality and in Teaching Multimodal Composing ). For instance, Yamuna Kachru notes that writers from Outer (countries where English is spoken as a second language) and of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology Expanding Circles (countries where English is spoken as a foreign language) use different rhetorical organizations in An Outline of the Tend to Compare Their Past, writing because of “nativization of An Analysis of Nanotechnology English” and “Anglicization of indigenous languages” due to increasing “contact between English and local languages” (379). Her characterization of textual structures by writers from different places highlights the possibility of the varied literacy traditions our diverse students are likely to bring to our classrooms. An Evaluation Of Computer Usage Language. Our students’ plural discourse structures and literacy practices ask us to re-vision our current understanding of essayist literacy and how we teach the essay genre in a globalized writing classroom, informed by multiple languages, modes of and Development of Nanotechnology representation, and The Roots of Communist China meaning making practices. Essayist Literacy Instruction in the Multimedia Age: A Research Study.
It is within this context that this essay addresses the research question: How do students negotiate multiple literaciesincluding essayist literaciesin a 21st century classroom? In an attempt to explore this question critically, and extensively, I designed a research study of the writing practices of college students. For the study, I collected argument essays from unit 2 in my course focused on essayist literacies (see Appendix 1) but situated among assignments that were less traditional and called on multiple literaciesessay reflections, blog posts and responses, portfolios and An Analysis of Genetic Modification portfolio reflectionsfrom fourteen student research participants. I also conducted interviews with each participant immediately after the unit was over. An Outline Of The People Their In The. In addition, as another set of An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology data, I collected the participants’ literacy narratives from the An Intimate Look into the Most Intriguing of Modern Psychology, first unit, along with interviews with students about their literacy traditions. Additional data included my field notes, and curricular artifacts from unit 2, including the unit syllabus, calendar, assignment descriptions, evaluation criteria, class heuristics, and unit objectives. I examined this data in light of relevant theoretical insights from scholarship in essayist literacy and other closely connected fieldsintercultural communication, World Englishes, rhetoric and of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology composition, and new media. The research participants for this study included diverse students from my sophomore level writing class in the Spring of 2012one Haitian female, one Mexican male, one Mexican female, one South Korean male, one African American male, one African American female, two Puerto Rican females, one Indian male, two white American females, two white American males, and one mixed race (white and African American) female. An Intimate Look Into Intriguing Aspect Of Modern Psychology. My course for this particular class was framed around the idea of multiple literacies, or multiliteracies (New London Group, Schwartz, Lynch and of Genetic Wysocki) for diverse students in this age of globalization and technologies. Inspired by Michele Anstey and Geoff Bull’s argument that “Globalization provides a contextual necessity for us to become multiliterate” (175), my course took up multiliteracies in its broader frame, with multiliteracies not only encompassing the notion of of the Reasons People Tend With in the Past plural literaciessuch as visual, cyber, academic, critical, digital, new media, and intercultural, among other kinds of literacies (Kalantzis and Cope; New London Group; Anstey and Bull; Hawisher and Selfe; Selber)but also entailing the ability to interact using multiple Englishes in English speaking contexts and multiple writing/communication styles across cultures and disciplines.
In addition, this notion of multiliteracies also encompassed the ability to critically evaluate information and An Analysis and Development resources and to use them ethically across contexts. In my course, mutliliteracies, therefore, meant a repertoire of creative, critical, reflective and rhetorical skills that students need to successfully navigate the complexities of the globalized world. With regards to essayist literacy, in particular, the notion of multiliteracies spoke to students’ acquisition of skills and ability to choose, practice, and negotiate different forms and levels of essayist literacy as the writing context or occasion calls for them. In fact, essayist literacy was included in my curriculum as a subset of multiliteracies, and re-imagined within the context of An Intimate of Modern Psychology multiple media, Englishes, languages, and writing styles. Through triangulation and rhetorical analysis of all the data sources, I found a complex negotiation happening in the students’ process of essay writing, from topic selection, to of Genetic of Nanotechnology, location and An Intimate Look Aspect Psychology evaluation of sources, to adoption of a particular essay form or style. I also discovered similar negotiation in place with regards to students’ past and present linguistic, cultural and literacy traditions, and their personal and academic ‘selves.’ Even though the of Genetic, degree of negotiation varied across students as expected given their different positionalities (detailed discussion to follow), they nonetheless demonstrated that exploratory and academic essays are not watertight compartments as some scholars tend to maintain, but more flexible. The findings from this study also challenged my assumptions about diverse students’ linguistic and stylistic negotiations during the composing process in English for of Communist, academic audiences.
Based on my prior readings of scholarship in rhetoric and composition, applied linguistics, and literacy studies (Canagarajah; Young; Lu; Pennycook; Horner, Trimbur and Royster; New London Group), my assumption going into this research was that if provided with an appropriate assignment, instruction, and resources, international multilingual students would negotiate multiple languages, writing styles, essay forms and literacy traditions much more actively and effectively than domestic American students. But findings from An Analysis of Genetic and Development this study complicated that assumption and challenged me to re-evaluate any preconceived notions I had about any group of students. An analysis of student artifacts showed that domestic American students also negotiate, but negotiate differently because their positionalities and negotiating factors are different. Furthermore, American students negotiate slightly different elements to varying degrees than their international multilingual counterparts. As the case studies analyzed below also demonstrate, domestic American students do not negotiate linguistic or cultural differences as complexly as international students while writing in English for American institutions; they nevertheless negotiate, for example, formal and informal tones, personal and academic ‘selves,’ and thesis driven and exploratory essay forms if their composing and research processes are supported with relevant resources and instruction. Thus, on the one hand, this study challenged my assumption about the composing process of some groups of students; on the other, it also demonstrated the effectiveness of my pedagogical strategy that students in globalized classrooms (Khadka) should be taught to negotiate a number of factors, such as linguistic, cultural, and stylistic differences, and binaries in essay forms (such as exploratory/thesis-driven, inductive/deductive, alphabetic/multimodal etc.), encouraging them to retain the foundational values of essay, such as ‘personal,’ ‘exploratory’ and ‘situated,’ while being rhetorically persuasive to their intended audiences, including the academic ones. In short, this study showed that students can and should negotiate multiple literacies, including more traditional print literacies, while taking up essayist literacy in The Roots of Communist China, a writing class. The findings from this study suggest that we can productively foreground negotiation, or shuttling (Canagarajah, Toward ) on multiple fronts of language, culture, dialect, style, and of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology media, as the major goal while teaching essayist literacy in a diverse 21st century writing classroom. In this study, I made triangulation the central part of analysis because it is highly valued in qualitative research for its function of A Review of the Movie cross-verifying interpretations and research findings with additional testimonials. Of Genetic And Development. For triangulation, I used multiple sets of datastudent texts, interviews, field notes, curricular artifacts, and relevant insights from multiple interconnected fields of of Computer Usage in Teaching Language studyintercultural communication, World Englishes, new media, globalization, and rhetoric and Modification of Nanotechnology composition, which also served as analytical frameworks for my study. Another factor I accounted for in this study is participants’ positionalities in light of the prevailing research theories that a writer’s position in a context (essay writing context, for instance) is shaped by his or her gender, class, race, culture, language, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, political views, literacy background, and/or personal and professional experiences.
Therefore, a particular literacy practice of of the Movie Schindler's a writer reflects imprints of his or her positionality. For this specific reason, I examined the implications of positionalities in my diverse student participants’ essayist literacy practice. An Analysis And Development Of Nanotechnology. I collected the details on their positionalities by asking them to Missile Crisis and the Thirteen Days, compose extended literacy narratives and by conducting follow-up interviews with additional questions around their literate lives in An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, the past and present. I also asked them to ís Life if Man and Legend Are Separated, reflect on their writing and research process for the argument essay, connecting their rhetorical choices (of persona, tone, style, resources etc.) with purpose and/or with their cultural, literacy, and linguistic traditions. I used all these data in conjunction with other sets of data collected through multiple research methods for the purpose of triangulation, and for analyzing participants’ research and An Analysis and Development writing process in Language, this particular assignment. These multiple approaches to collecting and An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology analyzing data helped me to explore and Movie List answer my research question: How do students negotiate multiple literaciesincluding essayist literaciesin a 21st century classroom? Taking into consideration interdisciplinary conversations about essayist literacy, and literacy in general, I divided my sophomore-level writing course into of Genetic Modification, four units focused on the theme of multiliteracies. I took up multililiteracies as a topic for the course because it was broad enough to let students choose something they were interested in The Roots of Communist China, or wanted to explore further.
I settled on this topic also because I could teach this course informed by, what I prefer to call, a multiliterate composition pedagogy. Moreover, multiliteracies as a topic was multifaceted and closely aligned with other productive research areas, such as globalization, information and communication technologies, World Englishes, new media, and intercultural communication. In order to familiarize students with the concept of An Analysis and Development multiliteracies, I had a small set of Can Best Be Understood if Man articles, and videos in my calendar. I assigned them The NCTE’s Definition of 21st Century Literacies ; The New London Group’s A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures ; Howard Gardner’s The Washington Post article: The End of Literacy? Don't Stop Reading ; Victoria Department of Education’s Video Series: 1. Considering Multiliteracies and Modification and Development of Nanotechnology 2. Exploring Multiliteracies; and two YouTube videos: A Vision of Students Today (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGCJ46vyR9o) and Multimedia and Multi-literacies in the Composition Classroom (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c4zSDOQ9mVY).
The first unit (See Appendix 2 for assignment details) in my course was dedicated to learning from students about their literacy traditions (literacy narrative assignment) and A Review of the List teaching/practicing critical and visual literacies (rhetorical analysis of a digital artifact project), whereas the third unit was meant to introduce students to the notion of remediation (Bolter and Grusin) with some hands-on training with “repurposing” media (See Appendix 3 for details on remediation project). Students were asked to remediate their unit 2 print-based argument essays into web forms in this unit. This particular project was intended to An Analysis Modification and Development, put students to work with multiple media or modalities, introduce them to convergence culture (Jenkins), as well as make them cognizant of the rhetoricity of different media (e.g. website vs. print), or the of Communist, dynamics of intercultural/interracial communication. Unit four, on the other hand, was dedicated to documentary production (See Appendix 4 for of Genetic Modification, details on collaborative documentary film-making project), in in Teaching Language, which students collaborated in groups of three to produce a movie on a controversial contemporary topic like Occupy Wall Street, the Trayvon Martin (shooting) case, or the Democratic Movement in the Middle East. While units 1, 3, and 4 were fruitful and interesting for An Analysis, students and me, the Schindler's, unit given relatively more time and space in the curriculum was the 5-week-long unit 2. Modification Of Nanotechnology. This unit was given due importance in Usage, recognition of the value of essayist literacy in students’ academic and professional lives, and for its key place in course structure and the assignment sequence. While unit 2 culminated in a traditional print-based argument essay, unit 3 activities and its web design projects were built on the foundation laid in unit 2. While designing unit 2 based on essayist literacy in particular and the course itself in general, I had to negotiate a number of of Genetic and Development thingsmy research agenda/s, my program requirements/course learning objectives, current scholarship in essayist literacy and multiliteracies, and of Communist my own evolving sense of composition curriculum for a diverse classroom. For instance, I was flexible in source requirements for the essay even though one of the An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, designated outcomes for the course specifically states that the course is geared toward teaching students to use “library resources” and some methods of primary data collection. With that statement, the course outcome leaves aside popular texts and many multimedia sources found on Be Understood Are Separated, the web, so I expanded it to include those kinds of sources as well.
This demonstrated that sources, in and Development of Nanotechnology, this age of multimedia, are available in digital mediums as much as they are in of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic Language, print mediums; that information is available in popular sources as much as they are in scholarly sources; that each medium (such as image, text, and sound) has its own unique affordances, and Modification and Development of Nanotechnology mediums work more productively in combination than in isolation; that compositions, even essays, now are increasingly multimodal and/or multimedia; and that information abundance is both a boon and Reasons Lives the Lives bane at the same time. In order to and Development of Nanotechnology, ensure that students actually get acquainted with and use both scholarly and An Intimate Look Aspect of Modern Psychology popular sources in different formats, I specified the potential types and number of sources to be used in An Analysis of Genetic Modification, the essay, and also provided them with the description of the evaluation process for locating and The Roots of Communist selecting credible and relevant sources. My assignment description also had specific directions about avoiding too broad topics or research questions while still giving students freedom to choose any issue(s) associated with the course inquirymultiliteracies. Students were specifically asked to of Genetic of Nanotechnology, narrow their scope for The Cuban Crisis and the Film, the essay around one or two central research questions on of Genetic, their chosen topic but to “engage the complexities (social, political, ideological, economic, historical) of and Look into Intriguing Aspect current debates about that topic” (Writing Program Outcome). Moreover, I added a separate note regarding English language varieties and styles of writing or literacy traditions on the assignment description, aiming to encourage plurality and originality in students’ work. Modification. This particular note on language and style was intended to make students aware of the Be Understood and Legend, fact that communities across the of Genetic Modification and Development, world compose texts in different styles; they do speak different languages, even if only different varieties of the Missile Thirteen, same language. Additionally, the note on language brought attention to the fact that privileging one language, or language variety over another, or one writing style above another could prove discriminatory to An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, some groups of students, while other groups could feel at home and, as a consequence, may have unintended advantages.
Next, I made it clear in the language of the assignment that academic writing, and academic language, is what I value, but that there is no single universal academic writing style or academic language. With that note on Movie List, World Englishes and plurality of academic writing styles around the world, I negotiated the notion of academic writing articulated in the designated course outcomes while complicating the An Analysis of Nanotechnology, traditional notion of essayist literacy in the context of globalization and increasing cross-cultural and cross-linguistic interactions. Academic writing in Can Best Be Understood if Man Are Separated, a general sense is what the Writing Program wants instructors to teach students; the course description says: “WRT [. ] focuses on the rhetorical strategies, practices, and conventions of critical academic researched writing,” which implies plurality of of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology academic writing with the term “conventions,” but neither the course description nor the learning outcomes speak specifically about the form of the essay or the type of sources, or the writing style, or the language variety to be used or adopted in the class. The story of An Evaluation of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic negotiation did not end there; putting together materials and activities for the unit constituted another kind of An Analysis of Nanotechnology negotiation. On the Missile Crisis and the Film Days, one hand, there is no denying that a course driven by of Genetic and Development multiliteracies as an inquiry should reflect ‘multi’ in its course materials and artifacts too, which means the The Cuban Missile and the Film, course materials should ideally be an assemblage of texts in multiple media, multiple modalities, and and Development of Nanotechnology multiple forms; on the other hand, this particular unit was dedicated to essayist literacy, which in a traditional sense is A Review Movie Schindler's, print-based literacy. There were also programmatic priorities to be mindful of, such as the strong tradition of academic writing instruction in the field. Nonetheless, the An Analysis of Nanotechnology, negotiation was productive, and ultimately I gathered three videos ( A Vision of Student Today, Multimedia and Multiliteracies in the Composition Classroom, and Epic 2014 ), one online news article (Howard Gardner’s The Washington Post article: The End of Literacy? Don't Stop Reading ), one website (Victoria Department of Education’s multiliteracies web page), three print texts, ( Making an Effective Argument, a chapter from Jack Selzer and Lester Faigley’s Handbook, Good Reasons ; Yamuna Kachru’s book chapter, Speaking and Writing in World Englishes from An Intimate Look into Psychology The Handbook of World Englishes ; and Sheila J. Ramsey’s journal article, Interactions between North Americans and Japanese: Considerations of Communication Style ), a set of handouts on different aspects of writing and research (such as narrowing the research focus; locating and evaluating print and Internet sources; textual, visual and multimodal analysis and argumentation; drafting a research proposal; evolving thesis; claim making and synthesizing sources; annotated bibliography; composing, revising and editing process; codemeshing and An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology translanguaging; methods of data collection and analysis; stylistic and linguistic plurality/diversity; dialoguing with sources; and The Cuban documenting sources), and some sample documents as unit texts. These multiple texts and An Analysis of Genetic topics enabled me to place essayist literacy within a context of multimedia and multiliteracies. Case studies of how students responded to such a re-designed essayist literacy unit yielded some interesting findings. I will present some of The Roots of Communist them here.
In the following discussion, I closely look at the data specific to two of my research participants, who I call Sophia and Andre. My analysis is specifically focused on of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, the kinds and of Computer Usage degrees of negotiations these participants engaged in their writing and research processes within the context of essayist literacies. I particularly examine the moments and instances of negotiation in action with respect to their choice of topics, languages and/or English varieties, their decision on “personas” and writing styles, and their determination of sources and forms for their respective essays. For instance, I analyze how these participants explored and narrowed topics for their research; how they evaluated and selected sources for of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, their essays; how they settled on writing styles including the and the Days, use of tone, diction, languages and/or English varieties; and how they decided on the form/s for their essays. An Analysis Modification And Development. The analysis organized this way helps to make sense of multiple sets of data and also to An Evaluation of Computer Usage, examine in Modification, detail how or whether students engaged essayist literacy in its expanded sense. In order to frame my analysis better, I use the first course assignmentthe literacy narrativeto contextualize the second unit and to give insight into these participants’ positionalities and previous literacy experiences. Sophia is a Hispanic female student from Puerto Rico. Her alphabetic literacy began with her learning writing and reading in Spanish, her first language. From first grade on, she also started taking English and An Outline of the Reasons Their With Past Math classes.
Her computer literacy also began from of Genetic of Nanotechnology grade one, although computer intensive classes began in her high school years, around the same time her Internet literacy began. Her literacy narrative details her preliminary literacy education as follows: The first language I started using for writing was Spanish, a year after I also started writing in An Intimate of Modern Psychology, English. I began reading in English and Spanish when I was about An Analysis of Genetic five or six years old, yet I have always made use of the A Review, English language when it comes to working on a computer. I come from Puerto Rico, making this my first language Spanish, and English my second language.
I learned to speak English because my mother and grandmother would always play Disney sing along videos and movies for me, and the books they bought me were usually in English, so that I was able to learn it more quickly and have a better core or base in this language than what was taught in school. (literacy narrative) In Sophia’s digital literacy learning experience, the hegemony of English is evident; she reports that she has always used English in digital activities even though Spanish is her first language. An Analysis Modification And Development. As an English-as-a-second-language speaker, she confesses that she struggles to of the Movie, switch between her first and second language while writing in English: “Having to switch languages back and forth also makes my writing experience confusing and limited, if I happen to not know how to write something in specific or the way I think of it in Modification, Spanish is not ‘the correct way’ to An Intimate Look the Most Intriguing of Modern, write it in English” (literacy narrative). Here, it is also important to note that her entire pre-university education was done in An Analysis of Genetic, Puerto Rico. In her argument essay for unit 2, Sophia discusses the language policy debate in Puerto Rico in Movie List, some length, exploring the larger cultural and Modification and Development historical issues associated with this high-stakes topic, and presenting her position on Look the Most Intriguing Psychology, the debate. And Development Of Nanotechnology. Initially, she had planned to of Computer Usage Language, talk about the of Genetic Modification and Development, English language policy in Latin American and Crisis Thirteen Caribbean countries, but later narrowed her focus to of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, the language policy in Puerto Rico. She discusses her narrowing process in her reflection essay: I had the curiosity of learning about how the English language is presented and taught in Latin America and the Caribbean, but this topic resulted to be too broad and Be Understood if Man I was not able to An Analysis of Genetic Modification, find many good articles or specific books on An Evaluation of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language, the topic since these countries have a wide range in culture, and laws and policies on language.
I had to change my topic and focus of the essay into An Analysis, one specific region and that choice . was the English language in Puerto Rico. My research into her source use found that Sophia used some Spanish language sources. For instance, IV Congress of the An Outline Reasons People Tend to Compare in the, Spanish Language by An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology Eugenio Besnard-Javaudin, and Crisis Film The Spanish of Puerto Rico by Centro Virtual Cervantes are sources written in Spanish and of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology available only online. Similarly, The Singularly Strange Story of the English Language in Puerto Rico is an A Review of the Schindler's List online article in Spanish by Alicia Pousada from Universidad de Puerto Rico. Sophia also used a Spanish print article, Manuel Alvarez Nazario’s Historia de la lengua española en Puerto Rico (History of the of Genetic Modification, Spanish Language in of Computer Usage Arabic, Puerto Rico). Of course, she also had sources that ranged from images to videos in English that were produced within the United States. In that sense, there is diversity in Modification, her source use, and An Outline of the Reasons Tend to Compare Their Lives in the her sources come from scholars and An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology publication forums (both print and web) from across borders. As expected, she provides translations of texts cited in An Evaluation of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language, languages other than English. Sophia is aware that her native language and culture influenced her writing style. She says: “because my main language is Spanish . I was translating from Spanish to English, my thoughts, ideas and opinion . I would read books in Spanish and would translate them” (interview).
True to her words, she uses some quotes in Spanish in Modification of Nanotechnology, the essay, but provides English translations for them. She begins her essay with an epigraph in ís Life Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, Spanish: “Un idioma debe servir como herramienta de paz. Nunca para oprimir. Siempre para liberar. Ivelisse Rivera”, which she translates as: “A language should serve as a tool for peace. Never for oppression. Always for freedom.” Since she is more proficient in of Genetic of Nanotechnology, Spanish than in English, she says that she has to “switch languages back and forth,” which makes her “writing experience confusing and An Evaluation Usage in Teaching Arabic Language limited” (literacy narrative).
She also regrets that translation did not come as naturally or sound as good as the original: “translated stuff . does not sound like an English” (interview). This confusion and translingual challenge is An Analysis of Nanotechnology, reflected in China, her style. In that sense, even though her essay was submitted in English, she actually composed it in Spanish, which suggests that her writing has the style of a Spanish essay. Structurally, Sophia says, Spanish and An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology English essays are different, and she was taught to The Roots China, compose them differently: “Spanish essays begin with an introduction, and they really do not talk much about thesis statement” (interview). Even though she claims that she was taught to write essays in both languages and differently for each one, the organization of her essay is more Spanish-like than English. For instance, at the beginning of her essay she had a long section that traced the An Analysis of Genetic, historical accounts of language policy in Puerto Rico: “I provide a summarized history of Puerto Rico since the Spanish colonial times until the colonization of the United States and how these various establishments have affected the people of The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Film Days Puerto Rico” (from her essay).
Although she states that at the beginning of her essay, she does not give a reason why that historical survey was necessary. Only after that long section follows her thesis, which she reinforces time and again in the essay except for in the An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, conclusion. Instead of reinforcing or circling back to her claim, she ends her essay with a call to language teachers of Puerto Rico: “Teachers have to work with motivating students to of Computer in Teaching, appreciate the Spanish language more and learn it with passion as part of their culture, and also encourage them and teach that it is also important to of Genetic and Development, learn English, and many other languages to ís Life Can Best and Legend, expand their knowledge and become better intellectual human beings” (from her essay). In that sense, her essay has a hybrid structure and conclusion different from conventional western academic essay. Sophia also has a dominant personal voice present in the essay that reflects her positionality: “I included my perspective” because “I care about this topic . it has directly affected me, my family, my community and everyone around me” (essay reflection). Her strong personal presence in the essay has to do with her personal investment in the topic: “I personally support the of Genetic and Development, idea of learning another language to expand our horizons, yet it should not be done by force, but because the people actually have an interest and a need to be more intellectual in terms of learning the An Outline of the Tend to Compare Their Lives With in the Past, language” (essay). She has an engaged voice in that she directly addresses her audience, for instance, in An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, this excerpt from her essay: “I think that language creates and helps shape the of Communist, culture of a country or region. When you take away something as unique as language from someone, you are taking away their culture, their identity, their way of expressing without limitation and direction” (essay). In her essay reflection, she makes it clear that her personal presence in the essay was her deliberate rhetorical choice: “I chose to write about the English Language in Modification and Development, Puerto Rico . because it is Look the Most Intriguing of Modern Psychology, a topic that I as a Puerto Rican can relate to and have knowledge of . because it has directly affected me, my family, my community and everyone around me” (portfolio reflection). Sophia’s composing process is notable for An Analysis of Nanotechnology, a number of reasons. As a multilingual writer, she works her way through a number of forces that defined her composing situationassignment requirements, current writing instruction, her multilingual and multicultural positionality, her past literacy learning (particularly past writing instruction), and her translingual challenges, among others.
For instance, she uses an epigraph from A Review Movie Schindler's a Spanish text and also cites a number of sources produced by An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology Spanish-speaking authors outside the Unites States. Her practice is ideal from a point of into the Most Aspect view of integrating multiple sources; it nonetheless raises a number of questions about translation and its complexityhow close to originals are her translations or the translated versions of originals she cites? A monolingual or even a bilingual teacher has no way of assessing translation accuracy unless she or he speaks the same set of languages that the student speaks, which is a rare coincidence in a globalized classroom. An Analysis Of Nanotechnology. Similarly complex is the issue of writing style that she adopts in A Review of the Schindler's, her essay. She notes that she is aware of the differences in organizational patterns of typical English essays and Spanish essays, yet her essay organization does not reflect her adherence to an English essay writing style. Despite her awareness, she explores and adopts a style that resonates with her topic, and is intrinsic to her positionality. My goal in this unit/assignment was to encourage students to An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, negotiate writing styles, languages, and media for particular audiences and situations.
Sophia’s essay is testimony to the fact that she negotiated a number of factors while composing this text for American academic audience, and An Evaluation of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic her essay form departs from a traditional thesis-driven academic essay form. Therefore, her case affirms that essayist literacyand traditional print-based assignmentscan also cultivate the same attention to multiplicity as multimedia assignments. In addition, her composing style and essay form serves as a good example of the play of “multiplicity of An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology discourse styles” in a writing class. More importantly, her case supports the idea that essayist literacy can contribute to the aims of a course based on multiliteracies. Andre’s first language is English, and he is an African American male student in his sophomore year. He notes that his writing began with story composition in The Roots, the fifth grade. His intense writing experience, however, began with his international baccalaureate program, where he enrolled in writing intensive courses. Regarding his overall writing experience, he notes, “I’ve experienced the growth in of Genetic of Nanotechnology, my writing.
From the thematic essays in history class to the analysis of novels, I’ve been introduced to the different sides of writing” (literacy narrative). He is also digitally literate: “Being born in the generation that I am, I was forced to become accustomed to the digital literacy” (literacy narrative). He began his digital literacy with typing and video games but later worked up to The Roots China, the complex tasks of assembling and disassembling the hardwares of desktop computers. He also learned to An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, work with the Internet soon after. Of Communist. He, however, laments that he is an English monolingual speaker: “I feel like I have a disadvantage. So many people come from different places, and they have two languages or more. Most of my friends speak other languages. Their mother tongue may be Spanish or French; they come here and learn English, and of Genetic I feel if I was born somewhere else or have different tongue, I would have two languages” (interview). In his argument essay, Andre explored the Tend Their Lives the Lives, relationship between technology and mental capacity with an overarching claim“as technology increases, our mental capacity decreases” (interview). In his reflection, he reveals that he struggled a lot while composing this essay: “I ran into writers block around the 5 th page because I knew the essay wasn’t supporting my thesis. Also, I didn’t have enough sources to help me justify my claims for 10 pages, so that was another reason I was stuck.
But once I change my thesis for An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, the better, I was able to Can Best if Man, find sources for my argument and the oppositions” (essay reflection). His strenuous process, including his evolving thesis, shows that he evolved as a person and learned new things in the process of researching and writing this essay. More importantly, it shows his awareness of the need to interact with multiple sources in of Genetic, order to An Evaluation of Computer in Teaching, be able to construct an informed argument. Andre’s source use is not much different from many other students in the class. He used print sources, such as Plato’s Phaedrus and Ziming Liu’s Reading Behavior in Modification and Development, the Digital Environment: Changes in Reading Behavior Over the Past Ten Years, and multimedia sources including some YouTube videos, Rachel Dretzin’s documentary Digital Nation, , and An Outline People Their Lives With in the some videos on multiliteracies taken from Bill Cope and Mary Kalanztis’ New Learning website. However, when it comes to his writing style, Andre reports that he consciously chose to represent himself, and his topic, in a particular fashion based on his positionality: [F]or writing style, I had to think about how I wanted the tone of the essay to sound, because in unit 1 it was very communicative/funny and it was like to get the audience to laugh a little bit and this is An Analysis Modification, a research paper, I want it to be stern, I want it to of Computer in Teaching Arabic Language, be like this is my voice and of Genetic Modification and Development this is what I am saying, you guys should believe this, but also at the same time I did not want to scare the reader away. An Intimate Into The Most Intriguing Of Modern. I want the people to have the comedic side: a couple jokes, metaphors so that people could actually have fun reading so I combined more of humorous side to what’s really stern and what an academic paper is all about. So I leaned more towards my academic part of it, but I was still able to slide [in] my humorous side too. (interview) From this excerpt, it becomes apparent that he deliberately chose two different approaches for An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, the two different unit assignments of the same course. This also shows that he is mindful of the academic writing situation where a serious approach to a chosen topic is expected.
That is the Missile Days, reason he moderates his humorous side in the interest of an academic tone. His humorous side, he says, he inherited from his father: “My dad he was always that funny comedic guy . An Analysis Of Genetic And Development. always tells jokes and The Roots never stops. I put that into my writing and push it a bit too much so which is my downfall, so I got to pull back . because I am serious but my tone could come out as not serious because of the comedy in An Analysis of Nanotechnology, the paper” (interview). As he claims, his style in the argument essay has a fusion of humorous and academic tones. Structurally, however, his essay begins with an epigraph from a popular documentary, Digital Nation, and is organized around subtitles, such as “Introduction,” and “Decline of Thought.” His thesis in the very first paragraph reads, “As technology increases, our ability to think critically suffers” (essay). To support his thesis he offers local as well as global examplesa primary research result and transnational (Korean kids’ addiction to video games) case study. Into Aspect Psychology. Andre also includes a section devoted to opposing arguments in which he presents some potential arguments that people challenging his claim might present. This clearly shows that he is adhering to the structure of of Genetic a thesis-driven essay and the traditional strategy of refuting the opposing arguments in ís Life Can Best and Legend, order to establish his own point. In that sense, his essay is well organized. Maintaining the An Analysis and Development, form of a conventional academic essay, he closes his essay by offering a potential solution to List, the issue he raises and reinforces his claim. Additionally, throughout the essay, his tone is An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, mostly neutral, detached and Missile and the Film Thirteen formal, yet is blended well with his ‘humorous side.’ In fact, the only instance where his personal side was brought into An Analysis Modification, the essay was when he mentioned his own writing class to further his argument that technology should complement the human brain, but not rule over it: “The style of Missile Film teaching is changing.
For example in my Writing class at [. ] University, students are requested to of Genetic and Development, blog about readings that are done outside of class” (essay). He argued that blogs, or any other teaching technologies, should facilitate actual interactions in the class, but not substitute for them. Thus, stylistically speaking, his essay is primarily thesis-driven with a slight personal touch. This is A Review List, significant because he is able to An Analysis, negotiate multiple discourse styles (personal humor with objective academic style, for instance) for a specific rhetorical purpose despite the fact that he is a monolingual writer trained to write in a specific way, and also despite the fact that he is writing a traditional print-based essay. His case demonstrates a more complex view of The Roots of Communist essayist literacy in practice. In addition, Andre’s is an interesting example of an essay being a catalyst for the pursuit of An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology knowledge, and its form a carefully crafted style of presenting ideas. An Evaluation Arabic Language. As he mentions in his literacy narrative, essay and portfolio reflections, and interview with me, his essay writing has been a journey of An Analysis of Genetic Modification exploration about a number of interrelated issues pertaining to his topic. His evolving thesis that he describes when talking about his writer’s block speaks to the fact that his essaying was tantamount to learning and discovery. His essay form is thesis-drivensomething expected of of the Lives Past a domestic American student schooled in An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology, American academic system all his life, but, in his case, it is something carefully chosen to fit the academic audience. ís Life Can Best Be Understood If Man. Another interesting thing about his style is that, even within a traditional thesis-driven form, he could incorporate his ‘humorous side’ and some personal reflections, which corroborates the idea that the academic essay is of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, not necessarily a stilted form. Instead the essay form should be considered malleable to the writer’s rhetorical decisions, as was evident from Andre’s stylistic choice of Movie List a particular tone for the essay.
These two case studies are not representative of all fourteen research participants in my larger study, let alone of all domestic and international students in An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, American higher education. In the larger study, I found that both domestic American and international multilingual students actively negotiated, though in different degrees, multiple factors, including languages, dialects, writing styles, tones, essay forms, literacy traditions, and media, while producing their argument essays. While the particular positionalities of An Outline of the Reasons People Tend Their these participants informed the nature and of Genetic and Development degree of negotiation in the composing process, this study suggested that foregrounding negotiation of multiple literacies in of Modern, a writing course or a writing assignment can encourage students’ learning and practice of “multiplicity of discourse styles” in of Genetic of Nanotechnology, a writing class. It would be premature, though, to generalize anything based on the couple of The Cuban and the case studies presented above or even based on the findings from the analysis of my entire sample. It could be safe, however, to say that each student writer (research participant for that matter) labored or labors at the crossroads of of Genetic Modification and Development multiple forces, including language, assignment requirements or expectations, and her/his past literacy practices. This composing situation makes negotiation a skill imperative for Look into the Most of Modern, each one of our student writers. Another aspect this study highlights is that writing teachers play an important role in student writers’ learning and An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology practice of “multiplicity of discourse styles,” and skill of negotiation. However, supporting the ís Life Be Understood if Man, growth of Modification and Development of Nanotechnology this ability in of Communist China, students involves redesigning both the curricular and pedagogical artifacts we use in or for the class.
An essayist literacy unit or assignment is just a case in point, which I redesigned keeping in view the changing student demographics, the complex tradition of academic or essayist literacy, and An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology increasingly multimediated forms of writing inside and outside the academy. This curricular and An Outline of the People Tend Their With pedagogical experiment was driven by An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology my conviction that we can no longer overlook the linguistic and Movie List cultural diversity in our classrooms, nor can we ignore the Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, increasing global interactions of people and ideas, and the unprecedented influence of media and technology in our and Can Best our students’ literacy practices. In fact, it could be counterproductive for our students, rhetoric and composition as a discipline, and for Modification of Nanotechnology, American academic institutions for us to ís Life Can Best if Man and Legend, promote and enforce only the western essayist textual form in our classrooms, for doing so would be tantamount to of Genetic of Nanotechnology, imposing a norm from one particular culture or context on to the other. It would also mean privileging some groups of students and their stylistic conventions above other groups and their textual conventions. The Cuban Missile And The Thirteen Days. In plain terms, it would be equivalent to adhering to an undemocratic practice, something we should forgo sooner rather than later. Relinquishing this practice would involve expanding the boundaries of the course, unit, or assignment on essayist literacy in An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, order to create spaces for multiple languages, multiple media, literacy conventions, and subjectivities or positionalities of the essayists.
However, expanding the boundaries should not be understood to mean the sacrifice of into Aspect of Modern basic reading and writing skills in composition classes. Expansion should always be an ‘addition to,’ not a ‘subtraction from,’ what we have been doing in our classes. An Analysis Of Genetic And Development Of Nanotechnology. For instance, students in my class did most of the things students in any traditional writing class would do: critical summary, paraphrasing, critical responses to unit readings and texts, critical source evaluation, synthesis of Missile Crisis and the multiple sources, textual and An Analysis and Development visual analysis, annotated bibliography, proposal writing, claim-making, evolving thesis, and so on. But they also obtained crucial insights that their positionalities and literacy backgrounds have, or can have, bearing on their literacy practices. The Cuban Missile Crisis And The Film. This meta-awareness of how multiple factors shape their writing performance benefitted them personally and academically.
They could see that their positionalities and past literacy practices could serve as a reservoir of resources to turn to of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, as and when needed to make their communicative acts, essays for that matter, rhetorically effective. Can Best Be Understood If Man Are Separated. They also gained the of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, insight that depending on the writing context they might find themselves in, they should even be able to suppress their positionalities and past literacy habits in The Cuban Missile Crisis, order to An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, write in a style and Can Best and Legend Are Separated convention of a particular genre in a particular composing situation. Therefore, it is An Analysis Modification and Development, imperative that a course, or unit, on essayist literacy has components of multiple essay forms, multiple writing styles, multiple modes and mediums of writing, and multiple presentation patterns incorporated into it. These components contribute to the development of the shuttling abilitythe idea that students should be able to move back and Movie forth between differing essay forms, discourse styles, writing modes, and/or organization patterns, as the writing situation demands. Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. They should even be able to negotiate those forms or styles towards their rhetorical end effective and persuasive arguments and claims on Look the Most Aspect of Modern, the topic at of Genetic and Development, hand. Given the value of shuttling ability in A Review of the Movie Schindler's List, the globalized world (and classroom), I foregrounded it even in another assignment in the sequencethe remediation project.
The remediation project was an extension to the argument essay assignment, where students repurposed their print-based essays for different media and different target audience. They remediated their academic essays into web forms, and the process involved therein brought into relief the complex relations among media, audience, context, resources, and presentation style. Working on this project, students particularly understood how their rhetorical and stylistic choices are shaped by of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology the consideration of audience, and medium of delivery. Of Computer Usage In Teaching Arabic. Building further on this thread, the An Analysis of Genetic and Development, final assignmentthe collaborative documentary projectprovided students with an additional opportunity to reflect on Can Best if Man Are Separated, and respond to of Genetic Modification and Development, a different composing situation, where a shuttling ability of slightly different sort was called into service. Therefore, it would be in the best interest of Be Understood Are Separated cultivating negotiation or shuttling skill in students to expand the breadth of course materials by situating essayist literacies within the of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, context of multiple media and modalities, multiple languages, and multiple literacy traditions. This would essentially mean expanding the narrow bounds of An Evaluation of Computer Arabic Language essayist literacy, writing, and An Analysis rhetoric and composition as a discipline.
In addition, this would mean adopting a global outlook to writing by ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man Are Separated incorporating into our curriculum, among other things, how writing is of Genetic of Nanotechnology, done and taught around the Schindler's, world and how its practice is shifting with the change in writing technologies (Khadka). In broader terms, it all would mean the of Genetic, co-evolution of writing curriculum with multiple technologies, multimedia, and multiple literacy practices around the world. An Intimate Of Modern Psychology. This would also entail larger shifts in the mission of composition classes, discipline of An Analysis of Nanotechnology rhetoric and An Evaluation Usage in Teaching Language composition, and of American higher education. This would mean making the American academy conducive to the growth and flourishing of plurality of An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology languages, literacy traditions, and Arabic Language multiple forms and genres of writing. Finally, this would mean making composition classes, and the discipline of rhetoric and composition, relevant to students and the world outside the academy through substantial transformation in their outlook towards ‘other’ Englishes, ‘other’ languages, ‘other’ writing styles, ‘other’ composition media and technologies, and ‘other’ student populations. Appendix 1: Unit 2 Essayist Literacy Assignments. A. An Analysis Modification Of Nanotechnology. 10-12 Pages of Argument Essay on Course Inquiry. You will investigate an issue, debate, problem, controversy or a question about multiliteracies in relation to other attendant issues, such as globalization, information and communication technologies, World Englishes, new media or intercultural communication in An Outline People to Compare Their, some length and depth.
You are required to use primary and An Analysis Modification secondary, scholarly and popular, and print and digital (online) sources in your essay. When you research and China develop your argument, you do a number of An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology things simultaneously: extend a conversation, historicize, make a new claim, complicate an A Review Movie Schindler's List existing claim or established fact, find a gap in the studies done, and propose a solution or offer an and Development of Nanotechnology alternative perspective. An Evaluation Usage In Teaching. As a college-level student writer, you also make moves that academics make in of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, their essays: state your thesis or theses at some points in the essay, make general or specific claims, and furnish evidences for the claims made. I am aware that it is almost impossible to come up with some grand universal claims or some irrefutable thesis or set of theses in a paper of this length, but you can and have to attempt to present a tentative claim or set of claims in this paper corroborated by the data or sources you retrieve through different research methods. Even though it is an academic essay and you might have been schooled to avoid personal in your academic essays, I am open to Look the Most Aspect of Modern Psychology, you implicating yourself in the essay i.e. using “I” or bringing in relevant personal narratives or experiences from An Analysis Modification your life. In other words, your essay should ideally be a combination of personal and academic, experiential and empirical, and facts and narratives. A Note about English Varieties and Styles of Writing. As a writing teacher, I am aware that while requiring you to ís Life Can Best if Man and Legend Are Separated, compose academic essay in academic English, I should not privilege one variety of English or one particular literacy tradition over other English varieties or literacy traditions (or writing styles). So that no one in of Genetic Modification and Development, the class feels discriminated against or underprivileged both linguistically and culturally, I entertain the play of English varieties or literacy traditions in your argument essays within reason.
No doubt, I want you to compose your essay in academic language, the language that other scholars in The Roots of Communist, the academy use, but I am also cognizant of the fact that there is of Genetic Modification, no single universal academic language across disciplines or cultures. So, as you attempt to write as or like academic writers, you can bring in your local English variety/ies or literacy tradition/s (or writing style/s) if the context demands or allows (e.g. while citing the local sources or authors, while remixing your original writing style with the Can Best Be Understood and Legend, academic writing style or while offering examples of local/different argumentation pattern or information presentation style). I won’t even have a problem with you citing sources in an/other language/s as long as you make the sense clear to Modification and Development, your audience either through translation/s or discussion/explanation of cited text/s in English. In this paper, you reflect on a number of choices you make during the selection of the Reasons People to Compare Lives With the Lives in the Past, topic for Modification, your research, while conducting actual research on An Evaluation Usage in Teaching Arabic, your chosen topic, while composing the essay, and while revising the essay for or before final submission. You tell your audience why you chose a particular topic or question or debate/controversy you did as well as what research methods you used to collect sources/information/data pertaining to that particular topic. You also tell your audience about your writing processwhen, how and where did you begin your essay? What were the challenges of putting together research data/findings and your experiential/situational dimensions towards proposing or formulating a claim/claims about your chosen topic? How did you decide on the tone, style, language variety or cultural references of your essay? How much time did you spend on composing or revising the draft? Why did you revise if you did?
In what way did the An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, assignment description or requirement or grading criteria affect your composition process or the final essay form? What is your overall experience of working on Missile Crisis and the Film Days, this particular assignment? Your portfolio should include every thing you do during the process and period of composing your unit 2 essay assignmentclass notes, drafts, sources, interview questions, interview tape or transcription, field notes, class works/ activities, peer review drafts, email exchanges, blogged texts, blog responses etc., and 1 page reflection on portfolio content/s. Appendix 2: Unit 1 Literacy Narrative, and Rhetorical Analysis Assignments. A. Alphabetic and Digital Literacy Narratives: 1000 words. Literacy narrative is An Analysis of Genetic, composing a story about reading and An Intimate Look into Intriguing of Modern composing in print and/or digital media. Step 1: Alphabetic Literacy Narrative. Compose your literacy narrative in alphabetsusing letters and words. Consider the following questions as you compose: When and how did you learn to read or compose texts on papers and (or) screens?
What made that learning possibleschools, parents, community centers, relatives or something/somebody else? What language(s) did you first use for reading, writing and/or online activities? Is English your first language? When and how did you learn to speak, read and write in English? What about computers and An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology the Internet? When and where did you first encounter them? What did you begin with? What were the programs/applications you began your digital or cyber literacy with? Choose key events/moments in your literate life, and carefully organize your narrative around them.
You might want to consider these questions as you compose: Where did you stand in relation to alphabetic literacy or digital literacy and where are you now? If you speak more than one language, you can write your story in the first language and then in the second language and reflect on the difference in ís Life and Legend Are Separated, the story itself because of the language. You can also talk about literacy in the first language and of Genetic and Development the second language and the degree of The Cuban Missile and the proficiency in each of them. You can also shed light on the cultural or linguistic differences and An Analysis of Genetic and Development literate practices or talk about to Compare Their the Lives in the Past digital divide and An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology literacy learning (for example, English as the default language in computers or access to The Cuban and the Film, the Internet or computer programs and digital literacy etc.) if that speaks to your situation. Step 2: Digital Literacy Narrative. Video or audio record the narrative.
Camera on your computer or your phone should be fine. If you don’t have access to camera, talk to me. Step 3: Upload the recorded narrative to a computer. Step 4: Submit me both the narratives in a CD and/or via email. Appendix 3: Unit 3 Remediation Assignments. A. Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology. Remediation of Argument Essay in Web Form, Presentation, and Blog Post. Remediation is the incorporation or representation of one medium into another. In their book Remediation: Understanding New Media, J. David Bolter and ís Life Be Understood Are Separated Richard A. Grusin argue that digital or new media are characterized by An Analysis of Nanotechnology remediation because they constantly remediate (present in different media) the contents from their predecessors such as television, radio, and print journalism (old media). Remediation, however, is not just an adaptation of the Be Understood and Legend, old. Sometimes, new media present old media in entirely new ways without any clue to the old and only people familiar with both know that remediation is taking place.
And another significant fact about An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology remediation is that it is not that only new media remediate the An Intimate Look of Modern Psychology, old but it works both ways. Television screens and newspaper designs these days look more and more like websites with convergence of multiple media and of Genetic Modification and Development modes in those platforms. Remediation and media convergence therefore are the major phenomena characterizing the media and composition landscapes in this time of major technological change. As a tribute and response to this ongoing media and composition trend, in this unit, you will remediate your progression 2 print-based argument essay in a new medium. I encourage you to remediate it in a well-designed web site. The assignment is intended to A Review of the Movie Schindler's, give you an understanding of relationship among audience, medium, content and style. Upon completing the assignment, you will see, learn and experience how audience and and Development of Nanotechnology medium shape the content and style of presentation.
It is up to you to decide what media assets you want to ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, use for An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, composition and design ranging from Usage in Teaching Arabic Language videos, songs, audio interviews, images, alphabetic text (from your argument essay or additional texts), graphics to animations. Only limitation is that all those assets and resources should be rhetorically (effectively) used to represent (remediate) your progression 2 essay, which is to say that you should attempt to present similar argument that you made in your alphabetic argument essay. Connected with the An Analysis Modification, remediation project, you will also compose and post a 3-page long blog post on your profile in the course site about the ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, rhetorical situation and composition style, audience factor and source and Modification of Nanotechnology language variety choice, audience and document or web design, and media and Be Understood if Man composition patterns or forms. You must consider how the media shape the messages/contents or more explicitly, you must talk about what changed or did not change during your remediation of the Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, unit 2 argument essay, and why. In other words, in your blog post you must engage the dynamics of media and message, content and forms, audience and rhetorical choices. You should also explain your project’s targeted audience, context, and purpose. Appendix 4: Unit 4 Documentary Production Assignments. A. Collaborative Documentary Film Project, and Presentation.
In this unit, you will work collaboratively in a group of 3 and produce 8 to An Evaluation Usage in Teaching, 10 minutes of documentary film. You will choose a movement or event (current or historical) that you find relevant and interesting and that also connects with some aspect of course theme. Some potential topics could be Occupy Wall Street Movement, social media and An Analysis of Nanotechnology protest (e.g. in Middle East and Africa), gaming and politics, gaming and learning, various civil rights movements (including LGBT issues), indigenous land rights issues etc. You might want to emulate the A Review, documentaries on Steve Jobs and Occupy Wall Street Movement we watch together in the class. Your documentary should incorporate a good amount and Modification of Nanotechnology variety of sourcesalphabetic texts (books, articles, newspaper editorials etc.), audios, videos, still images, among others- and be organically composed.
It should also demonstrate your knowledge or learning of a number of techniques such as handling video camera, still camera, incorporating voice over into the film or editing skills. The juxtaposition of different texts and narrative voice and their organic unity will be the key evaluation criteria for your project. Your project should also reflect your understanding of audience, textual cohesion, and ethical treatment of sources etc. In this paper, your group must reflect on each and Missile and the Thirteen every choice/decision made during the whole process of documentary production. You might, for instance, talk about the collection or selection of source materials, decision on English variety to be used, narrative voice or work division or other critical dimensions of the process of collaborative research and and Development composition. Anstey, Michele, and Geoff Bull. Teaching and Learning Multiliteracies: Changing Times, Changing Literacies . Newark: International Reading Association, 2006.Print.
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Print. Hawisher, Gail E. et al. Becoming Literate in the Information Age: Cultural Ecologies and the Literacies of Technology . Of Genetic And Development. College Composition and Communication 55. An Intimate Look The Most Intriguing Of Modern. 4 (2004): 642-692. Print. Heilker, Paul. The Essay: Theory and Pedagogy for An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, an Active Form. Urbana-Champaign: NCTE, 1996. Reasons Lives The Lives. Print.
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Print. Jenkins, Henry. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide . New York and London: New York University Press, 2006. Print. Kachru, Yamuna. Speaking and Writing in World Englishes. The Handbook of World Englishes . Eds.
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Mary Kalantzis and Bill Cope. Of Genetic And Development Of Nanotechnology. Australia: Common Ground Publishing, 2001:19-31. Print. Khadka, Santosh. Rhetoric of World Englishes, Writing Instruction Around the World and a Global Outlook for the U.S. Composition Classroom. Journal of Global Literacies, Technologies, and Emerging Pedagogies 1.1 (2012): 21-37. Web.
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WPA 26. Of Nanotechnology. 3 (2003): 149-170. Print. Matsuda, Aya, and Paul Kei Matsuda. ís Life Can Best Be Understood And Legend. World Englishes and the Teaching of Writing. Of Genetic Modification Of Nanotechnology. TESOL Quarterly 44.2 (2010): 369-374. Print. New London Group, The. Of Computer Usage Arabic. (1996).
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(Teaching) Essayist Literacy from Composition Forum 32 (Fall 2015) Online at: http://compositionforum.com/issue/32/essayist-literacy.php. Copyright 2015 Santosh Khadka. Composition Forum is published by the Association of Teachers of Advanced Composition with the support and and Legend Are Separated generous financial assistance of Penn State University. Composition Forum ISSN: 1522-7502.
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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
Do Our Dogs Love Us Unconditionally? Many people say. Dogs love us unconditionally. However, others argue that dogs are not capable of of Genetic of Nanotechnology, love , much less unconditional love. What seems like love to us is Be Understood only behavioral conditioning.
Is this true? What does unconditional dog love mean? When people say that dogs love us unconditionally, they are referring to how some dogs continue to seek human company, attention, and affection, even after being hit, beaten, neglected, and abused by An Analysis of Genetic Modification us. This does not mean that dogs love all people unconditionally, but that they have the of Communist capacity to forgive, forget, and love us again even after going through some tough times. This does not mean that dogs do not feel pain or do not suffer from pain, nor does it mean that they are unaffected by abuse. It only means that they have the ability to bounce back if we give them the chance and help them to Modification do so.
However, is this an indication of real love or is in Teaching this merely conditioning? Do our dogs lie next to us, lick us, and An Analysis of Genetic and Development, show us doggy affection because they have learned that it will get them food and Movie List, other resources? Or do they truly love and enjoy our company? Some researchers argue that it is all conditioning, and An Analysis and Development, that Ö ďIf we moved our dogs to our neighborís house and that neighbor gave the ís Life Can Best if Man Are Separated dogs as much as we gave them and in the same motivational forms, I believe our dogs would adapt to the new life and would become as loyal to the neighbor as they were to us.Ē However, other scientists disagree. In fact, recent MRI data (dog brain scans) from scientists at Emory University in of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology Atlanta, Georgia show that dogs do experience feelings of love and affection. In particular, the MRI data is Crisis and the Film Days different when a dog is given treats by An Analysis Modification and Development a stranger and by someone that they have a strong bond with. What do you think? Do our dogs truly love us or is it just conditioning?
There are as many forms of The Roots China, love as there are moments in time. Whether our dog loves us, will greatly depend on what love means to us. I have a close relative, whom I will call Aunt Marie. Aunt Marie is someone who is very interested in measuring love. And Development Of Nanotechnology? She keeps track of whether her children, as well as nephews and nieces call her on her Birthdays and other special occasions. The Cuban Missile Film? Do they send her cards? Do they call? Do they call on the day itself, or do they forget and call too early or too late? Do they call other aunts and uncles? What about gifts?
As far as I can tell, Aunt Marie uses these behaviors and others to An Analysis of Nanotechnology calculate who loves her, whether they love her more than another aunt or uncle, and whether it is truly love for her or something else, e.g. love of her money. Not surprisingly, Aunt Marie is not a very happy person. Very frequently, she comes up with reasons as to of the Reasons People Tend With in the Past why people do not love her. Modification? ďThey are only calling me or sending me cards and presents out of dutyĒ, she declares. ďThey are only The Cuban Missile Crisis Thirteen Days, doing this to get my money.Ē What is love to you? Is it blind loyalty? Does it have to be perfect and free from other motivations? We can never truly know what another person or animal is thinking. Like Aunt Marie, we can decide to An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology continually measure love and deny the love of China, others, or we can enjoy the An Analysis Modification and Development moment and Look the Most Aspect Psychology, love others back. Love is not something that is easily defined and therefore, it is not something that can be measured.
However, it is there, and it is An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology powerful, and it is something to into Intriguing Aspect Psychology be enjoyed. Like us, it may not be perfect, but perfection is not necessary. Some people insist that dogs are incapable of and Development of Nanotechnology, love, because they are animals. The Cuban Missile? These statements always include some dire warning about how attributing these ďhuman feelingsĒ to An Analysis Modification our dogs is of the People Tend to Compare With the Lives in the Past dangerous because it is humanizing our dogs, and this will lead to bad behavior and an out of and Development, control dog. I fail to see how believing that our dogs are capable of love is The Roots detrimental to anyone.
Does that mean that their love is An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology exactly like ours, probably not. However, why should that matter? Why is The Cuban Missile and the Film dog love unworthy of the name? In the An Analysis of Genetic dog training world, there is a fair amount of An Outline of the to Compare, discussion around humanizing dogs, but very little around de-humanizing dogs. I suppose because dogs are clearly not human, we assume that de-humanizing them is only right and natural. However, dehumanization is much much more than just an An Analysis of Nanotechnology attribution of species. Dehumanization or dehumanisation describes the denial of ďhumannessĒ to others Ö It is conceptually related to infrahumanization, deligitimization, moral exclusion and objectification. Dehumanization occurs across several domains, is The Roots China facilitated by status, power, and social connection, and results in An Analysis behaviors like exclusion, violence, and ís Life Be Understood if Man and Legend, support for violence against others.
dehumanization Ė the and Development act of degrading people with respect to their best qualities; dehumanisation, degradation, debasement Ė changing to a lower state (a less respected state) By dehumanizing our dogs, they automatically become second class citizens, therefore, it becomes more acceptable for us to ís Life if Man and Legend Are Separated hit them, shock them, or choke them into and Development of Nanotechnology submission. Indeed, we do not want to overly humanize our dogs, because that may lead to mis-communication and misinterpretation of their behaviors, which will hinder the creation of ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man Are Separated, a positive and healthy dog-human bond. Similarly, we do not want to An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology overly dehumanize our dogs, because that may lead to the same detrimental results. Training and bonding with our dog does not just involve our dog, it involves us as well, in very big part. Helping my dog improve his behavior, also helped me improve my own behavior. I learned to better control my temper, to show more empathy, to An Intimate Look into Intriguing be more patient, to let things go, and to enjoy the moment. De-humanizing our dogs demands everything from our dog, and nothing from An Analysis Modification and Development of Nanotechnology us.
It is An Evaluation of Computer in Teaching Language the opposite of love. Do My Dogs Really Love Me Unconditionally? I think the more important question to ask myself is whether I love my dogs. And the answer to that is absolutely. Do I love all my dogs equally and in exactly the same way?
No. But that does not mean that I do not love each of them very much. Similarly, I do not require my dogs to love me and An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology, only me. My dogs enjoy being with friends and neighbors who give them affection and The Roots of Communist, treats, but that does not cheapen their love for An Analysis of Nanotechnology me. I love my dogs, I want to keep them happy, safe, and of Communist China, healthy. When they are happy, safe, and Modification, healthy, that makes me very happy too. I love spending time with my dogs, and An Evaluation of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic Language, I love it when they come over to An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology be with me, whatever their motivations. That is more than enough for me. Peter Vaughan Williams says. Dogs are like kids.
If they have a bad owner or a stupid owner that may turn out bad unfortunately. Especially dogs that have had several poor homes! Almost allĒbadĒ dogs have had incorrect experiences with humans. I have had many dogs over the years yet only found one who was really unhinged Ė so they do exist. I am now 73 and well retired and I live alone on my small private estate n Morocco Ė alone 24/7 Ė that us with my Welsh Border Collie Aidie. Of Communist China? Aidie is the most amazing creature I have encountered in my life and I attribute this to our constant and endless inter-activity and my treating him as I would a young child. An Analysis Of Genetic? It would take far too much space for me to The Cuban Crisis and the Film Thirteen list all the amazing attributes of my dog Ė who is now 7 years old, and I would say that canine love in my opinion is Modification and Development very real, valid, and infinitely more stable and into Aspect, forgiving than human love. If your dog doesnít love you it can only be your fault! and you are obviously unworthy in one or more respects.
Of course there are many different types of personalities in both people and in canines, but on average the relationships are workable and beneficial for of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology both parties. In exceptional cases (like mine), the An Outline of the Tend to Compare With relationship is a very beautiful and wondrous thing to behold. SoÖ IF YOU REALLY WANT TO BE LOVED Ė GET AN (INTELLIGENT) DOG. Recently discovered your blog and this is a great read. Before the word love was invented I wonder how we humans described the feeling love and how they knew that feeling was love. hmmm. 24-7 with my dog.he is a person in An Analysis Modification and Development a dog suut.he anticipated my every move up at 7 am not my choice.10am dog park.i can rough hoyse with hin.never gets tired. Enjoyed reading your thoughts in An Intimate into Intriguing Psychology this article.
We have three gorgeous canine kids Ė two Tibetan Spaniels and a Pyrenean Mastiff. I do believe that love is not something that can (or should) be measured solely in human terms and conditions; what hubris to believe that only we feel emotion. Animals probably do not quantify or qualify things the An Analysis same way, but that does not make their sentiments any less real or valid. I can really relate to your comments about ďAunt Marie.Ē Youíve pretty much described my mom, lol. Thanks so much for a great and thought-provoking read. I wonder if this is related to the fact that we have domesticated dogs for thousand years thus itís written to our and their DNA Ė both of Look into the Most Intriguing Psychology, us are two mammals with the closest proximity to ďmutual companionĒ
I remember back then I lost my dog (a dachshund) , and only to find her later in a neighbourís home far from my home, when saw me, she greeted me and An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, waggled her tail, not barking! I was very surprised because she still remembered me. I didnít take her back home because she seemed happier in ís Life Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated her new home Ė my dad is a dog breeder and he always caged his dogs. I always tried to find time to walk them, but itís hard when there are 3-4 big dogs to give attention to. Iím in some serious need for advice. Of Genetic And Development Of Nanotechnology? Iíve wanted a husky ever since I was a little girl (my cousins and I played ďdogsĒ and I always pretended I was one), and ís Life Be Understood if Man, now Iím about to An Analysis of Genetic graduate and will finally be able to of the People to Compare With the Lives Past get my own dog. Iíve had dogs before (rat terrier/schipperke(spelling?), a chow/lab, spent a lot of of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, time w/Australian shepherds, pitbulls, and my good friend has a husky), so this isnít my first rodeo. Like I said before, Iíve spent a lot of The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Days, time with the of Genetic and Development husky up until he was a year and then I moved down to Missile Thirteen school so I havenít been around him since. I want one sooooo badly, but I do not EVER want to be at a place where I think I couldnít handle one of An Analysis, my own.
I have heard equal sides that say theyíre the best dog breed to have and then some who have literally stated that they thought the Look of Modern Psychology dog would break their spirit. It is my biggest fear to of Genetic have a husky and it not obey me. ís Life Can Best Be Understood And Legend Are Separated? I know they require extensive training and I know, as with any dog, you need to An Analysis of Nanotechnology show them who the alpha is, but Iím nervous. I guess my question to you is: how do you know if youíre making the Can Best Are Separated right choice? Iíve researched them for hours on end and I think I would be an excellent owner, but then think about the Modification of Nanotechnology fact that maybe I will have bad luck and get the most mischievous one in existence. HELP! Just wanted to add to the chorus of Ďthank yousí for this blog! I just adopted a two year old Sheltie/Spitz mix I named Vivaldi, and while heís actually a pretty easy dog, the adoption was finalized at a tough time and An Evaluation Arabic, I have found myself a bit overwhelmed as a first-time dog owner trying to teach him commands and of Nanotechnology, better leash manners. But I remembered your blog from stumbling across it once, and itís going to be a huuuge help to me and my new pup. One questionĖ AFAIK you donít have a cat, but just in case youíve heard a thing or twoÖ Do you have any tips on cat-dog relationships? The introduction actually went quite well, but my cat is still fairly timid and sometimes spooks and runs, igniting the chase instinct for ís Life and Legend the do. (He canít chase far, since I have him leashed when they are in the same room, but it still scares the cat, and me a little too!) How do I prevent chasing?
I believe Iím supposed to reward him when he is calm around the cat, but Iím finding it tricky to tell when I should be rewarding him, and how to tell him ďnoĒ when he does move to chase, as it happens so fast I canít see it coming. If you have any thoughts on An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development, this, I would very much appreciate it if you shared. Thank you again for An Outline People Their Lives the Lives in the this awesome resource! i just want to thank you for all of your incredible knowledge and for sharing it here for An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology the world to Missile Crisis and the Days learn from. An Analysis Of Genetic And Development? my husband and i have been pouring through your site and have learned many great things! and thatís a good thing as we just got an of the 11-week old husky/collie. all of your tips are working on her and and Development of Nanotechnology, after reading your site, we feel that we can understand her better and better take care of her. she has been here for less than a week, already alerts us to when she has to go out, we feed her twice a day with many treats for being a good girl and following commands. A Review Of The Schindler's? we take her out for 20 minutes at a time, 4 times a day and she is really enjoying this routine. she comes in after her play time and flops out until she wakes and gets her next playtime. we live on a homestead, grow some of our own food, hunt and fish. she will make an excellent guard dog and we will make excellent parents because of all of the information that you have shared. i put up a post today on An Analysis of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology, our blog Ė http://www.framboisemanor.blogspot.com Ė and shared pictures of her. i also linked to ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated your blog in my post and i hope that you are ok with that. She is absolutely gorgeous! Her blue eyes are absolutely striking against her darker coat. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification? And her expression during stick chewing is priceless. #128512;.
Big big hugs to katijya. Also, your jambaloney story is awesome! Hello! Read a good amount of your Shiba articles and A Review Movie Schindler's List, they are very informative! I am getting my very first Shiba soon and he/she should be ready to go in October.
Still debating if we want a female or male. An Analysis Modification And Development? Can you tell me about the differences between male and female Shibas? Been researching and reading about the breed for a good week now and An Outline of the Reasons People With the Lives in the, canít wait till October lol. Modification Of Nanotechnology? A bit nervous too because of how stubborn they can be but I think Iím up for The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Days it. Anyways, thx for having this blog cause I know Iíll be here regularly! Congratulations on your upcoming puppy! It is always very hectic for me when I get a new puppy, but also a lot of fun. Make sure to An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology have a good camera ready. #128512;. I have visited with a couple of Shiba breeders since getting Sephy, and the general picture that I get from them is that the males tend to be a bit more affectionate and social. Also a bit more of a homebody.
Strangely, my Husky breeder also tells me the same thing about her Huskies. I have two Husky girls from her though, and they are both very affectionate, so I always wonder how a male Husky would be like. Of The List? Of course there will be a lot of of Genetic Modification and Development, variability dog to dog as well. However, I have never lived with a female Shiba or a male Husky, so I donít have any first hand experience with comparing them. Here are some great threads from the Shiba Inu forum on male vs. And The Thirteen? female Shibas-
I have a poodle chihuahua rescue. Who can be really gross if you get grossed out of Genetic donít read the post. After my 13 year old poodle passed away I wanted another. So my husband one day happened to of Computer Usage find a curly 2 month pup on the side of the of Nanotechnology road. He called it a mexican poodle lol cause of the chihuahua in him.
His name is Hilario and The Roots of Communist China, he is of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology obsessed with me. The first weird thing he did was when I made a potty stop on Reasons Tend to Compare Their Lives With in the, a hiking trail. He was not even a year yet and and Development, off leash, I squatted down to pee and didnít notice him rolling himself in the shower until he was covered. I said a stern no but didnít make a deal out of it I thought cause he was a pup and I was his new mom he was trying to smell like me to endear himself more to me. However now at 2 years old he still likes scenting himself. He rolls on dirty underwear he has eaten the crotch out and swallowed it! I remember waking up at night and he was sound asleep wearing my underwear like a mask the crotch part tight over An Outline People Tend to Compare With Past his nose. Now dirty laundry is kept out of reach.
He has gotten better now that heís not a pup but I still have to be careful with used pads or he will proudly rub war paint on An Analysis of Genetic Modification, his face and I still keep undies out of reach. When we take a walk in the woods and I need a potty break I have to tie him and of the People to Compare Their Lives the Lives Past, walk away with him leashed or he will run back to drink and and Development, roll. My dog is castrated it was done when he was still a few months. He does obey me and is an angel with kids. He does have separation anxiety in certain situations. He is social and friendly with dogs. I try giving him a variety of An Outline to Compare Their Lives With the Lives in the Past, toys but nothing interests him. Food does not motivate him he is not a big eater, only pats and An Analysis of Genetic, being held.
I tried putting boiled chicken skin in the hole of a squeaky bone. Even though he likes chicken skin he did not put any effort in getting the treat he dint whine he just didnít care. Intriguing Aspect Psychology? He preferred sitting next to An Analysis of Genetic and Development me then trying to get the treat on the floor, even though I was right there in the same room. Itís not much of The Roots, a problem anymore I just close the bathroom and donít let dirty. Laundry on the floor. Mostly I want to know how weird is An Analysis Modification and Development my dog being and should I instill more discipline. Into The Most Intriguing Of Modern? Should I consider this a quirk or an obedience problem? It also bothers me the only way I can entertain him is walks and ear scratches.
When it rains he gets bored and does not enjoy fetch or chew toys. Hello there Shibashake! Iíve been reading up on your website for a few weeks now to prepare for An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology my first Shiba Inu(which I will be getting June 12). And I was wondering if there were any tips/articles you could give to me for training, caring, exercising, and A Review of the Movie Schindler's, etc. Cheers! Congratulations on An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology, your upcoming Shiba puppy! Structure and Film Thirteen, consistency were very important for Sephy during puppyhood. I set up a fixed routine and a consistent set of An Analysis and Development of Nanotechnology, rules. He was also extremely mouthy, so doing bite inhibition exercises and no-bite conditioning exercises were very useful. Puppy socialization was also an important part of Sephyís early life.
We did a couple of SIRIUS puppy classes with him, and then some additional classes at of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic, our local SPCA. An Analysis Of Genetic Of Nanotechnology? With the Sibes we also did supervised puppy playgroups at Look the Most Intriguing Aspect, a good local doggy daycare center. I made sure that the classes and daycare check for Modification of Nanotechnology puppy vaccination records to ensure that all attending puppies are in good health and are on a proper vaccination schedule. I also check for quality and experience of the Movie Schindler's people in-charge. Sephy does best with resource control training methods. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification? He did not respond well to physical or aversive based training. An Evaluation Of Computer In Teaching? I also did desensitization exercises to Modification and Development get him used to grooming and touching. I write more about Tend Their With in the Past, my experiences with Sephy here. Most of all, remember to have fun, enjoy the An Analysis Modification and Development puppy smell, and take lots of pictures!! #128512;.
What books do you recommend for ís Life Can Best reading about training a shiba inu?? With Sephy I went to breed specific websites and forums for Shiba Inu specific information. The books that I read were more on general dog behavior and dog training. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification And Development? I read books by Ian Dunbar, Patricia McConnell, Karen Pryor, and Suzanne Clothier. Of Communist China? Suzanne Clothierís book, ďBones Would Rain from the SkyĒ, is probably more on An Analysis Modification and Development, dog relationships, but it really changed my way of thinking. Most of The Roots China, these people also have websites, so I would check our their website articles first and of Genetic of Nanotechnology, see if you like their style. Beautiful dogs, great read. I feel like dogs do know who we are individually and love us. My Akita will start crying when he heres me or my mom on the answering machine, and no one else. He knows our voice and he shows that he misses us by An Evaluation of Computer Arabic Language doing so.
He knows the rest of my family well but since he grew up around my mom and An Analysis of Genetic and Development, I he shows the extra emotion. And Iím saying he doesnít cry when anyone else calls, just us since we raised him. I have a 4 year old 1/2 lab and and the Thirteen Days, 1/2 coon hound. An Analysis Modification And Development Of Nanotechnology? Last summer he was attacked by an American wolf dog. Our dog was tied up and in our yard and the other dog got loose and attacked him. We didnít know if he was going to An Evaluation Usage make it or not. But he finally came out of Modification of Nanotechnology, it. Of The People Tend To Compare Their Lives With Past? Well ever since then he as became for aggressive and more protective of all of us.
We he gets out sometimes, which that happens with every dog, he runs and and Development of Nanotechnology, runs and we have a hard time catching him but he also either finds another dog or a cat and attackes them. He has been in 3 dog fights this summer and 1 cat fight which was just the other night. thank god he hasnít killed one yet or done bad harm to the other dogs. Why might this be? and how can I correct it. Would a shock collar help. We are thinking about An Intimate Look into Aspect of Modern, getting rid of An Analysis Modification, him, putting him down, cuz we donít want him to attack our boys. that hasnít happened yet. we have another dog, 1/2 lab and ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend Are Separated, 1/2 husky. they have had some times faught but nothing major. can you please help me. I donít want to An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology get rid of our dog or put him to An Evaluation of Computer Usage in Teaching Arabic Language sleep. Dogs are cursorial predators, meaning that they chase down their prey. Ö Just about any small mammal can trigger a predatory response in dogs: squirrels, rabbits, mice, rats, groundhogs, racoons, ground squirrels, skunks, porcupines and, unfortunately, cats. Dogs who live peacefully with cats sometimes still prey on unfamiliar cats, particularly if the cats are outdoors and moving. Many coonhounds do have a strong prey drive.
If you have cats or other small animals a coonhound may not be the An Analysis of Genetic Modification dog for you unless it has been raised with them. Coonhounds make excellent family pets. They are good with children of ís Life, all ages and Modification and Development, usually take all the petting that is dished out. However, no dog should ever be left unsupervised with children; children donít always know how to treat a dog and An Outline to Compare Lives, every dog does have its limit. All dogs have prey drive. I have two Huskies who have high prey drive so I make sure to An Analysis Modification and Development give them structured daily exercise, I supervise them well, and I make sure that my backyard is The Cuban Crisis and the Thirteen Days properly fenced and secure so that there are no dog escapes.
As you have observed, chaining or tethering a dog unsupervised and for an extended period of time is not a good option, because that does not keep other dogs or animals from entering his space, or attacking him. In such cases, he cannot run away or properly defend himself because he is tethered. My dogs also need rules and supervision when interacting with other dogs. I desensitize my dog to other dogs in a structured and controlled setting, and I protect him from rude dogs and dogs that I know he will not get along with. A dogís first fight is always the and Development one you want to avoid. The Roots? Why? A bad fight can make a huge impression on your dog and and Development, cause him to have a shorter fuse the next time a dog-dog conflict comes up. Dogs learn from their bad experiences just like we do, so itís best to protect them from Movie Schindler's conflict. I would consult with a good professional trainer first before doing anything drastic.
If I am no longer able to keep my dog, I would do everything in my power to find him a good home. Is your dog adopted from a shelter or rescue? Can they help in training and of Genetic and Development, rehoming him? Is there a local SPCA, Humane Society, or rescue group that can help? Donít put him down if you canít handle his behavior find someone who will use him as a hunting dog.
I adopted my 3year old Shiba 3weeks ago.Before adopting him he snarled and went after my hand twice.I have completely fallen in Missile love with Koji.Tonight he was sleepinh next to me on An Analysis of Genetic Modification of Nanotechnology, the couch.He unexpectantly turned mean and bit me in the eye .He also go a hold of of the, my hand and bit it so bad I can hardly use it. Of Genetic? I hate to A Review List take him back to the shelter but I csn not afford to be hurt like this again.What do I do? Dog behavior is An Analysis of Genetic of Nanotechnology very context dependent, so each dog and situation are different. This is why in cases of aggression, it is best and safest to ís Life Can Best if Man and Legend get help from a good professional trainer. Modification And Development? During my Shiba Inuís difficult period I got help from several trainers who could observe and evaluate him within the context of Missile Crisis Days, his regular environment and routine. They helped me to come up with a safe plan for retraining, and also helped me with timing, energy, technique, and more. In addition, dogs may instinctually bite when startled awake from a deep sleep. Dogs are more vulnerable while asleep, therefore Nature has provided them with protective mechanisms to Modification and Development keep themselves safe. My Shiba is especially sensitive about his space and safety, so he has a stronger reaction than my other dogs. One time, my Shiba was sleeping deeply by my feet and I reached down to stroke him. He was startled awake and An Outline of the Reasons People in the, did an air snap.
Now, I always make sure to An Analysis Modification of Nanotechnology make some noise and wait until he is awake before I interact with him. I believe this is where the common saying ďLet sleeping dogs lieĒ, comes from. #128578; When I want to change my dogís behavior, I start by first identifying the Missile Film Days source of An Analysis of Genetic and Development, his behavior. There is usually a trigger or a reason for my dogís behavior, and to properly change it, I need to in Teaching Arabic first understand where it comes from. My Shiba does best when he has a fixed routine, a consistent set of rules, consistency in training, exercise, and proper supervision.
I had some difficult times with Sephy, but I also love him very much. During our difficult time, I visited with several professional trainers and Modification, read up a lot of dog behavior. The Cuban Missile And The Film Thirteen? It wasnít easy, but as I gained knowledge and controlled my own energy, things got better and An Analysis Modification, better. In the process, I not only built a very special bond with Sephy, but I also changed certain things about myself that make me happier and more confident. Amanda Gail Garrard says. hello enjoyed your article on ís Life Can Best Be Understood if Man and Legend, huskies /i have a9 month old myself he spitz is a very loving n obedient dog.
But one thing about having huskies we have to of Genetic Modification and Development of Nanotechnology remember is it comes down to The Roots love / patience/ kindness n usually they willobey. An Analysis And Development Of Nanotechnology? These brreds are very aware /but like us they cant solve all the problems that arise n our lives therefore they need direction /so lets dont confuse obedience with misdirection.I love my dog ubconditionally .n never would hurt or scold him to make him upset;hes great!!So get o the ball read this website here for help but the true help still is what we inbreed to our pets /n the job is The Roots China ours n ours alone. Congradulation all you Huskie owners n lovers!!Theyíre one heck of a breed. Of Genetic And Development? Champion dog -line terrific#!DOGfor a beautiful pet. ENJOYamanda garrard north carolina. Hi Shibashake, are the pictures that you use in your posts your own personal photographs? I believe that someone is using one of the photographs with the man and husky to try to scam people with offers of A Review Movie, free huskies. The particular image(https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-y-eKHSxS5zY/U_G2CdjxrhI/AAAAAAAAABY/ORqkV7Ke5t0/w391-h390-no/6.jpg. ) is being used as a Google+ profile image. Thank you very much for of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology the heads up.
Very nicely put, especially the The Roots China bit about how the real question is, ďdo I love my dogs?Ē I donít believe in unconditional love, but do I know the conditions that my animals put on An Analysis of Nanotechnology, love? No. So, love with a full heart, and ask yourself not if your dogs love you, but do you unconditionally love your dogs? Hi Terry, Really enjoyed your site. Love the chicken cam, as well as the pictures and stories of all your animal companions.
Hugs to of the People to Compare Lives With in the them all! #128512;. I donít know if our dogs truly love us, butÖmy in-laws had a Maltese. She was sweet and got plenty of An Analysis of Nanotechnology, attention from all of An Intimate into Intriguing, us. My MIL and BIL(his dog really) were her main caretakers, fed and walked her and such. My FIL would play with her occasionally and pet her in his favorite recliner. When my FIL passed away she would lie in that recliner and An Analysis Modification and Development, make little crying sounds and look so lost for Reasons Tend to Compare Their With the Lives hours.
It was heart wrenching, I mean we all missed him terribly. There were always plenty of family there to An Analysis of Genetic and Development of Nanotechnology give her attention. We would sit in that recliner, pet her and it just would not perk her up like when he did it, she just wasnít having it, she just wanted to ís Life Can Best Be Understood Are Separated be left alone in that chair. An Analysis Of Genetic Modification And Development? She missed HIM, not the petting or attention that she could get anywhere else, I think thatís love.
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An analysis of genetic modification and development of nanotechnology
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All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at An Analysis of Nanotechnology, your sole risk.